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38th Annual Institute on Telecommunications Policy & Regulation

Speaker(s): Ari Meltzer, Blair Levin, C. Sean Spivey, Chris Boyer, Christianna L. Barnhart, David Goldman, Diane Holland, Dr. Nicol Turner-Lee, Evelyn Remaley, Giulia McHenry, Grace Koh, Grant B. Spellmeyer, Gregory Guice, Hon. Michael O'Rielly, Jamie Susskind, Jared Carlson, Jeffrey A Eisenach, Jeffrey Westling, Jennifer L . Prime, Jennifer A. Manner, Jennifer A. Warren, Jim Lamoureux, Joel G. Miller, Kathleen Q. Abernathy, Kris Monteith, Mary Brown, Matthew Schruers, Melissa Newman, Michael Calabrese, Michael D. Nilsson, Michael Saperstein, Michele C. Farquhar, Mike Safyan, Narda Jones, Randolph J. May, Randy Clarke, Rick Kaplan, Robert D. Weller, Scott K. Bergmann, Stephanie Weiner, Trey Hanbury, William Davenport, William H. Johnson
Recorded on: Dec. 3, 2020
PLI Program #: 306246

Matt Schruers is President of the Computer & Communications Industry Association (CCIA), where he directs its advocacy on behalf of leading Internet, communications, and technology companies. He joined CCIA from private practice in 2005.  For 10 years, he has served as an adjunct professor, teaching both intellectual property and Internet law at Georgetown University and American University Washington College of Law.  He is a graduate of Duke and the University of Virginia School of Law.

Christianna Barnhart is Senior Counsel for communications and media issues to the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation. Previously she led the technology and telecommunications team for US Senator Brian Schatz (D-HI). She has over a decade of experience in telecommunications and technology policy in both the public and private sectors, and her team provides counsel on issues related to spectrum policy, privacy, net neutrality, broadband deployment, and artificial intelligence. Before coming to the Senate, Christi was Vice President of Regulatory Affairs at Charter Communications, where she represented Charter’s interests before the Federal Communications Commission and other federal agencies. At Charter, Christi oversaw the successful merger of Charter, Time Warner Cable, and Bright House Networks, resulting in Charter becoming the second-largest cable operator in the United States. Prior to joining Charter, Christi held several leadership roles at the Federal Communications Commission. She was an advisor to then-Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel, and managed the Rural Health Care universal service support fund, a $400 million dollar program designed to improve broadband connectivity in rural areas for telehealth and telemedicine. Christi holds a bachelor’s degree from James Madison University and received her JD and MBA from American University. She lives in Washington, DC, with her husband and three children.

Kathleen Quinn Abernathy currently serves as a Board Member for Dish Network, Somos, ISO New England and Crittenton Services of Greater Washington.

Ms. Abernathy was the former Executive Vice President, External Affairs, for Frontier Communications. March 2010 to June 2012, she was Chief Legal Officer and Executive Vice President, Regulatory and Governmental Affairs. Prior to joining Frontier, she was a Partner at Wilkinson Barker Knauer LLP, advising clients on a wide range of legal, policy and regulatory issues related to telecommunications and the media. Before this, she was a Partner at the law firm of Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld, LLP.

Ms. Abernathy served as a Commissioner with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from 2001-2005. While a Commissioner, she chaired the Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service and participated as a U.S. representative in numerous international bilateral and multilateral negotiations, including the 2002 International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Plenipotentiary Conference and the 2003 ITU World Radiocommunications Conference. She was appointed by the ITU to chair the 2004 ITU Global Symposium for Regulators.

Prior to joining the FCC, Ms. Abernathy was Vice President for Public Policy at BroadBand Office Communications; Vice President for Regulatory Affairs at US West; and Vice President for Federal Regulatory Affairs at AirTouch Communications. Earlier in her career, she was Legal Advisor to two FCC commissioners and a Special Assistant to the agency's General Counsel.

Ms. Abernathy has received numerous honors and awards in recognition of her contributions to the profession. In 2011 she was named one of the "Top Ten Women in Telecom" by Fierce Telecom and honored by Legal Momentum with an "Aiming High Award." She was featured in Chambers USA's "Leaders in their Field" in the Telecom, Broadcast & Satellite: Regulatory category (2009); included in the Washington, DC edition of Super Lawyers (2009, 2010); and named one of Washington's Top Lawyers by Washingtonian magazine (2007, 2009).

C. Sean Spivey is Wireless and International Advisor to FCC Chairman Ajit Pai. Mr. Spivey joined the Office of the Chairman from the FCC’s Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, where he has served as Legal and Policy Advisor to the Bureau Chief. Prior to that, he was a Senior Associate in the Washington, D.C. office of Hogan Lovells US LLP, where he focused on telecommunications matters. He also worked at the Competitive Carriers Association and a law firm in Houston, Texas. He earned his law degree from Oklahoma City University School of Law and his bachelor’s from St. Edward’s University in Austin, Texas.

Chris Boyer is Vice President of Global Security and Technology Policy at AT&T Services, Inc., where he is responsible for the company's global policy positions related to cybersecurity, national security and technology policy.  

Mr. Boyer works closely with the AT&T Chief Security Office (CSO) and AT&T Technology and Operations (ATO) to address policy issues at the intersection of emerging technology, cybersecurity and national security.  In his over 25-year career with AT&T Mr. Boyer has performed a variety of roles.  Prior to his current assignment Boyer was AT&T's policy lead working with the high-tech community in Silicon Valley and he has held positions in the company's corporate public policy, network planning and engineering, product marketing and network services departments. 

Mr. Boyer has also served in numerous external roles including as AT&T’s point of contact with the National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee (NSTAC), a Federal advisory committee to the President on issues related to national security and emergency preparedness; former Chair of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board; former chair of the National Cybersecurity Alliance (NCSA); and currently services as Chairman of the Open RAN Policy Coalition.  He also serves on the Executive Committee of the Communications Sector Coordinating Council (CSCC) which conducts planning activities with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. 

David Goldman is the Director of Satellite Policy for SpaceX. Prior to joining SpaceX, he was the Chief Counsel for the Communication and Technology Subcommittee since January 2015. Before that he served as the Senior Legal Advisor for FCC Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel. He was the Commissioner’s chief advisor on issues of policy, strategy, public relations, and office operations. In addition, he had primary substantive responsibility for wireless, international, and public safety issues.

David joined Commissioner Rosenworcel’s office from the United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, where he served on detail as Counsel to the Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet.

Prior to serving on Capitol Hill, David served in a number of positions at the FCC, including in the office of Chairman Genachowski and as a Policy Advisor to the Chief of the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau. He joined the agency as an Honors Attorney, serving as Attorney Advisor in the Spectrum Competition and Policy Division of the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau. Before this, he served as Staff Law Clerk at the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago. He also worked as an associate at the law firm Hughes Hubbard & Reed in New York.

He received his law degree from the University of Pennsylvania and his undergraduate degree from the University of Florida.

Dr. Eisenach is a Managing Director and Co-Chair of NERA's Communications, Media, and Internet Practice. He is also an Adjunct Professor at George Mason University Law School, where he teaches Regulated Industries, and a Visiting Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. Previously, Dr. Eisenach has served in senior policy positions at the US Federal Trade Commission and the White House Office of Management and Budget, and on the faculties of Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Dr. Eisenach's consulting practice focuses on economic analysis of competition, regulatory, intellectual property and consumer protection issues. He has submitted expert reports and testified in US federal court as well before the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, the Federal Trade Commission, the International Trade Commission, the Copyright Royalty Board, the Federal Communications Commission, US Tax Court, several state public utility commissions, and courts and regulatory bodies in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, the Caribbean, and South America. He has also advised clients in some of the world’s largest information technology sector mergers.

He has written or edited 19 books and monographs, including Broadband Competition in the Internet Ecosystem and Competition, Innovation and the Microsoft Monopoly: Antitrust in the Digital Marketplace. His writings have also appeared in scholarly journals such as The Review of Network Economics, as well as in popular outlets like Forbes, The New York Times, and The Wall Street Journal.

Prior to joining NERA, Dr. Eisenach was a managing director and principal at Navigant Economics, and before that he served as Chairman of Empiris LLC, Criterion Economics, and CapAnalysis, LLC. Among his other previous affiliations, Dr. Eisenach has served as President and Senior Fellow at The Progress & Freedom Foundation; as a scholar the Heritage Foundation, and the Hudson Institute; as a member of the 1980-81 Reagan-Bush Transition Team on the Federal Trade Commission, the 2000-2001 Bush-Cheney Transition Team on the Federal Communications Commission, the Virginia Governor's Commission on E-Communities, and the Virginia Attorney General's Task Force on Identity Theft. In 2016-2017 he led the Trump-Pence Transition Team for the Federal Communications Commission.

Dr. Nicol Turner Lee is a senior fellow in Governance Studies, the director of the Center for Technology Innovation, and serves as Co-Editor-In-Chief of TechTank. Dr. Turner Lee researches public policy designed to enable equitable access to technology across the U.S. and to harness its power to create change in communities across the world. Her work also explores global and domestic broadband deployment and internet governance issues. She is an expert on the intersection of race, wealth, and technology within the context of civic engagement, criminal justice, and economic development.

Her current research portfolio also includes artificial intelligence (AI), particularly machine learning algorithms and their unintended consequences on marginalized communities. Her recent co-authored paper on the subject has made her a sought out speaker in the U.S. and around the world on the topics of digital futures, AI and ethics, algorithmic bias, and the intersection between technology and civil/human rights. She is also an expert on topics that include online privacy, 5G networks and the digital divide. Dr. Turner Lee has a forthcoming book on the U.S. digital divide titled Digitally Invisible: How the Internet is Creating the New Underclass (forthcoming 2021, Brookings Press). She sits on various U.S. federal agency and civil society boards. Dr. Turner Lee has a Ph.D. and M.A. from Northwestern University and graduated from Colgate University.

Grace Koh is Vice President, Legislative Affairs, at Nokia. Before coming to Nokia, she served as the U.S. Ambassador to the International Telecommunication Union’s World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, where she led the 125-member delegation in negotiating successful outcomes for U.S. spectrum and satellite policy. She has also served as Special Assistant to the President for Technology, Telecom, and Cyber-Security Policy.  In this role, she advised the President and other senior White House staff on all matters pertaining to technology policy.  Koh previously served as Deputy Chief Counsel to the Subcommittee on Communications and Technology of the Energy and Commerce Committee in the U.S. House of Representatives. Her primary role was to advise the chairmen and committee members on policy and legal issues arising in the telecommunications and technology sectors. Grace Koh has also held jobs in the private sector, as a partner in the Telecom Law Group at DLA Piper LLC and also as Policy Counsel at Cox Enterprises, Inc.'s Public Policy Office. She began her legal career at Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP. She holds a B.A. from Yale University and a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School.

Jamie Susskind is the Vice President of Policy and Regulatory Affairs for the Consumer Technology Association.  In that role, she coordinates CTA’s advocacy strategy and represents the association before Federal agencies and the Administration for policies to encourage the growth of innovative consumer technologies. Susskind oversees a portfolio of regulatory issues, including cybersecurity, the Internet of Things, content moderation, equipment authorizations and standard setting, consumer protection, spectrum, and broadband and infrastructure deployment.  Additionally, she helps manage CTA’s relationships with third-party advocacy groups to promote CTA’s policy agenda.

She joined CTA from the Federal Communications Commission, where she was Chief of Staff for Commissioner Brendan Carr, as well as a Legal Advisor and Attorney-Advisor in the Wireline Competition Bureau.  Susskind was a detailee for the Senate Commerce Committee under Chairman John Thune, and Chief Counsel to Senator Deb Fischer.  She began her career as a Judicial Law Clerk to the Honorable Mary J. Schoelen at the U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims. Susskind received a B.A. from the University of Michigan, and a J.D. from the George Mason University School of Law.

Jared Carlson is Vice President, Government Affairs and Public Policy, North America at Ericsson. Jared joined Ericsson in 2007 and his portfolio includes advocating for Ericsson’s interests in the areas of spectrum, broadband regulation, supply-chain security and many other topics affecting Ericsson and its customers in the U.S. and worldwide. Jared previously is active in the Federal Communications Bar Association and current co-chairs the IoT Committee and also chairs the Information and Technology Industry Council’s Telecommunications Committee.

Prior to joining Ericsson, Jared spent three years with Sprint Nextel’s Government Affairs group from 2004-2007, and before that, nearly seven years at the FCC. His various positions at the FCC included Legal Advisor to the Common Carrier Bureau Chief and Deputy Division Chief of the Wireless Bureau’s Spectrum and Competition Policy Division. Jared graduated from the University of Virginia in 1991 with a Bachelor of Economics and earned his law degree in 1996 from the College of William and Mary.

Jeffrey Westling focuses his research on telecommunications and online content policy.

Before joining R Street, he acted as a legal fellow in the Office of Commissioner Brendan Carr at the FCC, working on a variety of issues such as broadband classification and wireless infrastructure. Prior to this, he worked as a research assistant with the Silicon Flatirons Center, authoring a variety of reports and papers primarily on wireless issues.

Jeffrey earned his bachelor’s degree from the University of Arizona and juris doctor from the University of Colorado Law School. He lives in Washington, D.C.

Jennifer (Jenny) Prime is senior director of regulatory affairs for Cox Enterprises.  She is responsible for helping develop and implement the company’s public policy strategy and representing the company before federal government agencies.

Jenny joined Cox in 2014.  Prior to joining Cox, she served as an attorney for the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).  From 2006 to 2013, she held a variety of roles at the FCC in the Wireline Competition Bureau, including Assistant Chief of the Competition Policy Division, Legal Advisor to the Bureau Chief, and Attorney Advisor.

Before joining the FCC, Jenny served as a staff attorney and teaching fellow for the Institute of Public Representation at Georgetown Law Center where she represented media justice, public health and children’s advocacy organizations before federal agencies and in federal courts of appeals.

Jenny lives in Washington, D.C. and is president of her local civic association.  She received her B.A. in history from Centre College, her J.D. from Indiana University School of Law Bloomington, and her LL.M from Georgetown University Law Center.

She is admitted to the bars of Indiana and Kentucky.  Jenny is CIPP/US certified by the International Association of Privacy Professionals.

Jennifer A. Warren is Vice President, Technology Policy & Regulation in Lockheed Martin Corporation’s Government Affairs organization.  In this capacity, she is responsible for leading the development and implementation of corporate domestic and international regulatory and associated policy strategies affecting Lockheed Martin business interests and opportunities; her portfolio includes spectrum, space/launch, 5G, unmanned aerial systems, ocean minerals, and emerging technologies. 

Ms. Warren is also the appointed chair of the Department of Commerce Spectrum Management Advisory Committee (CSMAC), and appointed member of the NASA Advisory Council’s Regulatory Policy Committee. 

In 1996, Ms. Warren joined Lockheed Martin’s Space & Strategic Missiles Sector, and in 2001 she became part of LM’s Washington Operations as Senior Director, Trade & Regulatory Affairs.  Prior to Lockheed Martin, Ms. Warren served in several senior roles at the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.  Prior to joining the U.S. Government, Ms. Warren worked for the Commission of the European Union – both in Brussels, with a focus on EU-Japan and EU-U.S. issues, and in Washington, DC, with a focus on EU-U.S. trade. 

Ms. Warren is an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University Law Center (GULC) where she teaches an annual course on International Information and Communications Tech Policy & Regulation.  She is also a graduate of Georgetown University (B.S. in Languages) and GULC (J.D.); she is a member of the Federal Communications Bar Association, American Bar Association, the Women’s Bar Association, and the Illinois State and D.C. Bars. 

Ms. Warren holds leadership positions in several professional and civic organizations.  She serves on the Boards of the Satellite Industry Association and the U.S. ITU Association.  She is a co-chair of the Signers Circle of the Foundation of the National Archives & Records Administration (NARA), the Secretary of the City of Alexandria’s George Washington Birthday Celebration Committee, and serves on the Board of the Gadsby’s Tavern Museum Society in Old Town Alexandria, Virginia. 

Kris Anne Monteith serves as the Chief of the Wireline Competition Bureau, which works to ensure that all Americans have access to robust, affordable broadband and voice services, through universal service programs, a competition policy framework that protects consumers and fosters competition, and policymaking informed by comprehensive data about communications services, including broadband.  In her over twenty years with the Commission, Ms. Monteith has served in a number of other senior leadership positions, including Chief of the Enforcement Bureau; Acting Chief of the Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau; Deputy Chief and Chief Data Officer of the Media Bureau; Deputy Chief of the Wireline Competition Bureau; and Deputy Chief of the Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau.  Ms. Monteith also served as the Chief of the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau’s Policy Division, the Deputy Chief of the Wireline Competition Bureau’s Pricing Policy Division, and as the Designated Federal Officer to the North American Numbering Council, the Commission’s federal advisory committee on numbering policy. 

Before joining the Commission in 1997, Ms. Monteith practiced telecommunications law with McDermott, Will and Emery and Keller and Heckman in Washington, D.C. 

Ms. Monteith received her J.D. from the George Washington University and her B.A. from the University of Colorado, Boulder.  Ms. Monteith also studied at the Universite de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.    

Mary L. Brown is Senior Director for Technology and Spectrum Policy in Cisco’s Washington DC Government Affairs office where she covers a wide range of public policy issues.  She leads Cisco’s global public policy agenda for wireless technologies and spectrum policy.

During her career, she has worked as a consultant, as in-house regulatory counsel for a major carrier, and for approximately 10 years as a staff lawyer and manager at the Federal Communications Commission. She has been with Cisco for 16 years.  In addition to telecommunications issues, she has substantial experience in Internet law and policy. 

Ms. Brown holds a J.D. with honors from the Syracuse College of Law, and a Master of Science in Telecommunications from the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse.  She is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. 

Melissa Newman has over 25 years’ experience in the telecommunications industry in government affairs, public relations, and legal.  Melissa recently joined TIA as Vice President, Government Affairs.  Prior to this position, Melissa worked at Transit Wireless heading the Legal and External Affairs departments.  She previously worked at Wilkinson Barker Knauer, a premier telecommunications law firm in Washington, DC.  Melissa spent 18 years at CenturyLink/Qwest/US West as Vice President, Federal Policy and Regulatory Affairs responsible for developing and implementing the company’s federal regulatory advocacy before the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), other federal agencies and the Administration. 

Melissa served as Deputy Division Chief of the Policy Division in the Common Carrier Bureau of the FCC, and as Legal Counsel to the Common Carrier Bureau Chief.   Prior to these positions, Melissa was an associate at the law firm of Willkie Farr & Gallagher where she practiced communications law. 

Melissa was a member of the Board of Directors of the National Exchange Carriers Association (NECA) from 2011-2016.  She was recognized in Fierce Telecom Magazine -- Women in Wireline 2014:  Leaders shaping telecom services, innovation, and policy.  She has served on the Federal Communications Bar Association Executive Committee and was a Federal Consumer Advisory Committee Member at the FCC.

Melissa received her B.A. from the University of Minnesota and her J.D. from the Washington University School of Law in St. Louis, Missouri.

Michael Calabrese is director of the Wireless Future Project, which is part of New America’s Open Technology Institute. He also serves as a senior research fellow affiliated with the Asset Building Program. Mr. Calabrese focuses on developing policies that promote pervasive connectivity, including spectrum policy reform, mobile market competition, wireless broadband deployment, and IT investment and innovation more broadly.

Calabrese currently serves as an appointed member of the U.S. Department of Commerce Spectrum Management Advisory Committee (CSMAC) since 2009. He also served as an invited expert on the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) spectrum reform working group during 2011-2012.

Calabrese also served as vice president (2003-2010) and was instrumental in establishing the organization's programs in areas including retirement security, health policy, asset building, education, and the Next Social Contract Initiative.

Previously, Calabrese served as general counsel of the Congressional Joint Economic Committee, as director of Domestic Policy Programs at the Center for National Policy, and as pension and employee benefits counsel at the national AFL-CIO.

As an attorney and graduate of both Stanford Business and Law Schools, Calabrese speaks and writes frequently on issues related to spectrum, wireless broadband, and internet policy, as well as on pension policy and retirement security. He has co-authored three books and published opinion articles in The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Atlantic Monthly, Slate, and other leading outlets.

Michael Nilsson has solved problems for clients in the media industry and elsewhere for more than twenty years.  He represents these clients before the FCC, Congress, DOJ, the U.S. Copyright Office, and foreign regulators—as well as in commercial negotiations.  

Mr. Nilsson has been recognized by Chambers USA for his work in the in telecom, broadcast & satellite fields.  A client described him as “simply one of the smartest lawyers that I know” and that “he’s the one I would most trust to represent me when the stakes are high.”  Mr. Nilsson has also been recognized by Best Lawyers and Super Lawyers for his work in communications and copyright law.

Representative Clients and Matters.

  • Media industry coalition. Acts as lead counsel for a coalition including some of the largest pay-TV providers seeking relief from “retransmission consent” fees demanded by television stations.
  • Media industry trade association. Represents trade association of small- and medium-sized cable operators in a wide range of media proceedings at the FCC and before Congress, including a successful opposition to the largest proposed broadcast merger in history.
  • Large television distributor. Helped the largest U.S. satellite television provider navigate dozens of FCC rulemakings, successfully obtain regulatory authorization for numerous mergers and acquisitions, lobby for reauthorization of key legislation governing the company’s operations, and prosecute anti-piracy matters in Latin America.
  • Public media organization. Assists a public media entity in acquiring and licensing hundreds of programs, both domestically and internationally.
  • International cable operator. Represents a client in the purchase of, management of, and ultimate sale of a cable operator with systems in multiple Caribbean jurisdictions.
  • Communications companies. Represents non-media communications companies in the full range of FCC matters.
  • Nonprofits and startups. Negotiates commercial deals and provides a broad range of counseling and compliance advice, including “general counsel-like” services.

Mr. Nilsson was the principal telecommunications and technology legal adviser to Senator John D. Rockefeller IV.  

Mr. Nilsson served two terms on the Board of Directors of the Sitar Arts Center, a nonprofit arts education center, where he also teaches saxophone. He also has served on the Board of Directors of Brown Broadcasting Service.

Michael O’Rielly was nominated for a seat on the Federal Communications Commission by President Barack Obama and was sworn into office in November 2013.  In January 2015, he was confirmed and sworn into office for a second term, which extends until June 30, 2019.

Prior to joining the agency, Commissioner O’Rielly spent almost 20 years working in prominent Republican communication policy and leadership positions for the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate.  Most recently, he served as a Policy Advisor in the Office of the Senate Republican Whip, led by U.S. Senator John Cornyn (R-TX).

Commissioner O’Rielly received his B.A. from the University of Rochester.

Mike Saperstein is Vice President, Strategic Initiatives & Partnerships, at USTelecom. Mike’s portfolio includes promoting all means of connectivity.  In his previous role as Vice President, Policy & Advocacy at USTelecom, Mike worked to develop broadband infrastructure projects like the Rural Digital Opportunity Fund and other universal service efforts to further the reach of broadband. Prior to joining USTelecom, he was Vice President, Federal Regulatory, at Frontier Communications. He also has practiced in the FCC’s Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau and previously served as Director, Government Affairs, for the Wireless Infrastructure Association (then PCIA).  Mike received his undergraduate degree from the University of Notre Dame and earned his J.D. from the Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law with a certificate from the Communications Law Institute. 

Randolph J. May is President of The Free State Foundation. Prior to founding The Free State Foundation, he served as a Senior Fellow and Director of Communications Policy Studies at the Progress and Freedom Foundation from October 1999-May 2006. From 1978 to 1981, Mr. May served as Assistant General Counsel and Associate General Counsel at the Federal Communication Commission, and he subsequently practiced communications and administrative law. He has held numerous leadership positions in bar associations. He is a past Chair of the American Bar Association’s Section of Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice. He is a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration. Mr. May also has served as a Public Member of the Administrative Conference of the United States and currently is a Senior Fellow at ACUS. He is the author of a book on communications policy reform, co-author of a book on intellectual property, and the editor or co-editor of four other books on communications law and policy, and he has published more than two hundred articles and essays on communications, administrative and constitutional law topics. In the past, Mr. May wrote regular columns on legal and regulatory affairs for Legal Times and the National Law Journal, leading national legal periodicals. Mr. May served as an adjunct professor of law at George Mason University School of Law. He received his B.A. from Duke University and his J.D. from Duke Law School, where he serves as a member of the Board of Visitors. He has a long list of publications in the legal and public policy fields. A list of Mr. May’s earlier long-running series of Legal Times and the National Law Journal columns on various constitutional, regulatory, and administrative law topics is here.

Rick Kaplan is the General Counsel and Executive Vice President, Legal and Regulatory Affairs at the NAB. Mr. Kaplan joined NAB in October 2012 as the Executive Vice President of Strategic Planning, and was named General Counsel in November 2014. In his current role, Mr. Kaplan is responsible for directing NAB’s advocacy at the Federal Communications Commission and other federal agencies. Mr. Kaplan also manages all of NAB’s legal affairs, including litigation and regulatory compliance.

Prior to joining NAB, Mr. Kaplan served in a number of leadership capacities at the FCC. During his three-plus years at the FCC, Mr. Kaplan was the Chief of the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, Chief Counsel to Chairman Genachowski, and Chief of Staff and Media Advisor to Commissioner Clyburn.  Mr. Kaplan also played a leading role at the FCC in reviewing nearly every major transaction brought before the agency during Chairman Genachowski’s tenure.  These included Comcast/NBCU, AT&T/T-Mobile, AT&T/Qualcomm, DISH/DBSD & TerreStar, and Verizon Wireless/SpectrumCo & Cox. As Chief Counsel, Mr. Kaplan managed the FCC’s overall policy agenda, and was responsible for policy coordination among each of the Bureaus and Offices. During that time, Mr. Kaplan worked with Congress on the passage of its groundbreaking incentive auction legislation, negotiated a resolution to the nearly decade-old TV white spaces proceeding, brought to decision rules requiring wireless carriers to offer data roaming on commercially reasonable terms, and helped navigate an evolution in the retransmission consent marketplace, ensuring that the government did not unnecessarily interfere with private market negotiations.

Before joining the FCC, Mr. Kaplan practiced appellate litigation and regulatory law at Sidley Austin LLP, and served in the Office of the General Counsel at the U.S. House of Representatives.  At the U.S. House, Mr. Kaplan helped orchestrate the Judiciary Committee’s successful and historic litigation in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia to obtain documents and testimony from White House officials in the face of claims of executive privilege.  Mr. Kaplan began his legal career as a law clerk for Judge Harry T. Edwards of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit.  Prior to his legal career, Mr. Kaplan founded and operated a sports management and public relations agency that represented and served professional athletes and sports-related organizations.  Kaplan earned his Juris Doctor from Columbia Law School, where he served as Editor-in-Chief of the Columbia Law Review, and undergraduate degree from Wesleyan University.

Robert Weller is Vice President for Spectrum Policy at the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB), a position he assumed in July 2014.  In that role, Mr. Weller is responsible for developing and implementing spectrum policy for NAB.

Prior to joining NAB, Mr. Weller served as Chief of Technical Analysis in the FCC’s Office of Engineering and Technology, leading the development of mathematical models relating to electromagnetic wave propagation, frequency allotments, spectrum sharing, human exposure to radiofrequency energy, and other areas.  He played lead roles in the development of rules and policies pertaining spectrum sharing, including the broadcast incentive auction, television white spaces and modernization of interference analysis software.  Earlier in his 15-year FCC career, Mr. Weller was Director of Denver District Office where he was responsible for the agency’s enforcement, engineering, and public relations activities over a five-state area. 

Mr. Weller also worked for 14 years as a senior consulting engineer with the firm of Hammett & Edison, San Francisco, where he advised clients including technology start-ups, broadcasters, wireless companies, and others on the regulated use of radio.  He designed numerous broadcast, satellite, and wireless facilities to technically implement the business plans of clients, and provided expert assistance to local governments to draft model legislation to implement provisions of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. 

Bob started his career doing professional audio, working at an AM/FM combo in the San Francisco Bay Area, and has changed his share of aviation beacons.  He is currently treasurer (and was a three-term president) of the AFCCE and a three-term director of the IEEE Broadcast Technology Society.  He is a member of the International Committee on Electromagnetic Safety.

Mr. Weller earned his Master’s Degree in Electromagnetics from The George Washington University and his undergraduate degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Berkeley.  He is a Registered Professional Engineer in California and Colorado.   

Scott K. Bergmann is Senior Vice President, Regulatory Affairs for CTIA, where he is responsible for coordinating federal regulatory issues for the association affecting the wireless industry, including spectrum, broadband, infrastructure, and public safety policymaking.

Mr. Bergmann previously served for over 10 years at the Federal Communications Commission in a wide range of positions, including Senior Legal Advisor to FCC Commissioner Jonathan Adelstein, Legal Counsel to the Chief of the Wireline Competition Bureau, and Deputy Chief of the Competition Policy Division.

Mr. Bergmann received his B.A. from Duke University and his J.D. from the University of Southern California.

Stephanie Weiner is a partner at Harris, Wiltshire & Grannis LLP.  Her practice focuses on telecommunications, Internet, and energy regulation before the courts, federal and state agencies, Congress, and the Administration.

Ms. Weiner has served in several senior positions at the Federal Communications Commission and the Department of Energy. Until 2016, she served as the Senior Legal Advisor to the FCC Chairman, overseeing all FCC matters relating to broadband competition and deployment, including net neutrality, network privacy, universal service, and major wireline transactions. Prior to joining the Chairman’s office, she was Associate General Counsel and Special Advisor to the Chairman on Internet Law and Policy. Ms. Weiner also served for two years as the Senior Legal Advisor to the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy. There, she oversaw and managed the creation of a program to comprehensively enforce DOE’s energy efficiency regulations covering the import and sale of appliances, consumer electronics, lighting and other products in the United States.

Ms. Weiner previously served as Deputy General Counsel at Neustar, Inc. and as an Attorney-Advisor in the Commission’s Wireline Competition Bureau. She began her legal career as a law clerk to Judge David Tatel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D. C. Circuit and Judge Milton Shadur of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.

Ms. Weiner, who serves on the Executive Committee of the Federal Communications Bar Association, has been recognized as one of DCA Live’s Emerging Women Leaders in Law. She graduated magna cum laude from Northwestern University School of Law, where she received the John Paul Stevens Prize for Academic Excellence. She has a Master’s Degree in Public Policy from the University of Chicago, and a Bachelor of Arts from Brown University.

Trey Hanbury recognizes companies operating in the technology and telecoms sector face increasing competition and an ever-changing regulatory environment.

Whether his clients require assistance with spectrum auctions, licensing, and allocation; mergers and acquisitions; regulatory compliance; procurement; or competition policy, Trey brings over two decades of extensive legal experience and a deep understanding of technology policy to help solve his clients' most pressing and complex issues.

Trey works closely with a variety of clients, from wireless companies to equipment manufacturers to strategic investors across all platforms. He helps clients conceptualize and change federal rules and policies in ways that allow them to achieve their business objectives.

In addition to assisting clients in policymaking matters, Trey also helps clients in obtaining regulatory authorizations to introduce new products and services and advises on licensing issues and commercial issues arising from Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules, policy changes, and regulatory investigations.

Prior to joining Hogan Lovells, Trey served as Director of Government Affairs at Sprint. He acted as regulatory counsel in major rulemaking proceedings, mergers and acquisitions, and cases before the FCC, the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) of the Department of Commerce, the Departments of Justice and Homeland Security, Congress, and federal courts. He was recognized with the company's Leadership Excellence award, the highest level of corporate recognition for directors, vice presidents, and senior executives.

Before that role, Trey held various policymaking positions at the FCC, including working on numerous satellite and international telecom matters in the International Bureau. He also served as Special Counsel in the Office of General Counsel, where he was responsible for providing policy and legal advice to the Office of Chairman on wireless issues.

Will Johnson serves as Verizon’s Senior Vice President of Federal Regulatory and Legal Affairs.  In this role, he leads Verizon’s federal regulatory and legal team and has responsibility for representing Verizon on a wide range of issues, including Internet governance and spectrum policy, before the FCC and other federal agencies. He also represents Verizon in related federal appellate litigation.

Will had previously served as VP & Associate General Counsel in Verizon's federal regulatory legal group, which he joined in 2004. Will has spent much of his time with the company focusing on broadband, video, and Internet issues, as well as network transformation and other emerging issues.

Will is actively involved in pro bono and public service efforts. Will currently serves on the Emory College Alumni Board and on the Board of Trustees for the Media Institute, a nonprofit research foundation specializing in communications policy issues and focused on promoting freedom of speech, a competitive media and communications industry, and excellence in journalism.  Will also serves on the Board of Directors for the National Exchange Carriers Association.  Will previously served as Chairman of the Board for Miriam’s Kitchen, a nonprofit aimed at ending chronic homelessness in Washington, D.C. 

Prior to joining Verizon, Will was a litigator at Hogan & Hartson in Washington, DC, and before that at Long, Aldridge & Norman in Atlanta, GA. He also clerked for Chief Judge R. Lanier Anderson and Judge Ed Carnes, each on the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. Will received his J.D., magna cum laude, from Harvard Law School. He received a B.A., summa cum laude, in Political Science and German Studies from Emory University. Will grew up on a farm in Georgia.

Ari draws upon his experience in the areas of regulatory policy and compliance, transactions, and litigation, to provide clients in the communications and technology sectors with a holistic approach to their legal needs. He counsels broadcast, cable, telecommunications, equipment manufacturer, and investor clients on matters including spectrum policy, content distribution (including retransmission consent), network-affiliate relations, mergers and acquisitions, and FCC enforcement actions.

Ari works with clients to identify and capitalize upon opportunities presented by new and developing technologies. As the television industry continues to find new ways to deliver content to viewers "when they want it and how they want it," Ari is at the forefront of that transformation. He advises leading television station owners regarding the transition to the new television broadcast standard, ATSC 3.0. He also represents a leading technology company to advance the voluntary transition to all-digital radio.

Ari has also become a leading authority on spectrum auctions. He works with clients to formulate policy recommendations, and has drafted numerous and significant pleadings and advocated industry positions at all levels of the FCC. He also advises clients on all aspects of auction participation, from preparing applications, compliance with anti-collusion policies, and understanding auction bidding procedures and results.

Additionally, Ari represents plaintiffs and defendants in federal and state trial and appellate proceedings throughout the United States, including cases relating to trademark and copyright, contractual disputes, and administrative procedure. He regularly works with domestic and international clients to on issues related to the distribution of content over the Internet, including helping them to protect and defend their trademark rights and to advise them on copyright matters, including under the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP), the Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act (ACPA), and the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).

As Chief of OEA, Giulia leads this Office which is responsible for expanding and deepening the use of economic analysis into Commission policy making, enhancing the development and use of auctions, and implementing consistent and effective agency-wide data practices and policies. Giulia joined the FCC to stand up OEA in 2018 after serving for three years as Chief Economist of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA). She is an expert in the economics of the Internet, telecommunications, and media. She has advised and written reports on a range of issues including broadband policy, adoption and access; the digital economy; and the economics of spectrum and spectrum management.

Prior to joining NTIA, Giulia was a Senior Associate at The Brattle Group, where she focused on telecommunication matters, prepared expert reports and coauthored papers related to spectrum management and valuation, broadband deployment, regulatory proceedings, Universal Service Fund, and competition policy. Giulia received her Ph.D. in economics from the University of Maryland in 2009. She specialized in microeconomics, both applied and empirical methods, focusing on network theory and industrial organization. Her dissertation addressed issues related to social networking and entrepreneurship success. She can be contacted at (202) 418-2030.

As vice president of federal affairs and public policy, Grant is responsible for U.S. Cellular's regulatory and policy efforts that help the company achieve outcomes that support its strategic business positions while providing an excellent customer experience.

Spellmeyer has more than 20 years of experience in legal affairs, legislative and regulatory issues. Since joining U.S. Cellular in 2006, he has been the principal representative for the company in legislative and regulatory matters.

Prior to joining U.S. Cellular, Spellmeyer held several positions at U.S. Cellular's affiliate, TDS Telecom, including director of legal affairs and carrier relations. Prior to joining TDS in 2001, Spellmeyer served as vice president of human resources and general counsel for Chorus Communications Group in Madison, Wis.

Spellmeyer earned a bachelor's degree in economics, a master's degree in public policy and administration and a law degree all from the University of Wisconsin in Madison, Wis. He also has a master's degree in business administration from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University in Evanston, IL A native of the Chicago area, Spellmeyer lives in Washington DC with his wife.

Blair Levin is a nonresident senior fellow with the Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings. In addition he is an advisor to New Street Research, a global telecommunications and tech equity research firm.  He also serves as an advisor to a variety of non-profits with a mission of deploying or using broadband technology to advance social progress and advises both privately held and public companies in the telecom and technology sectors.

Previously, he worked with the Communications & Society Program with the Aspen Institute Communications and Society Program, following his departure in 2010 from the Federal Communications Commission where he oversaw the development of a National Broadband Plan. Levin rejoined the Commission in 2009, after eight years as an analyst at Legg Mason and Stifel Nicolaus. As Barron’s magazine noted, Levin “has always been on top of developing trends and policy shifts in media and telecommunications … and has proved visionary in getting out in front of many of today’s headline making events.”

Levin served as Chief of Staff to FCC Chairman Reed Hundt from December 1993 through October 1997. During that period he oversaw, among other matters, the implementation of the 1996 Telecommunications Reform Act, the first spectrum auctions, the development of digital television standards and the commission’s Internet initiative.

Prior to his position with the FCC, Levin was a partner in the North Carolina law firm of Parker, Poe, Adams and Bernstein, where he represented new communications ventures, as well as numerous local governments on public financing issues. He is a graduate of Yale College and Yale Law School.

Evelyn Remaley was named Acting Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and Information and Acting NTIA Administrator in January 2021. She also serves as Associate Administrator for NTIA's Office of Policy Analysis and Development. In this role, Ms. Remaley leads a team of experts providing senior policy support to the Secretary of Commerce and the White House on issues impacting the Internet and digital economy. In addition, Ms. Remaley leads the Department’s Cybersecurity Policy efforts. Ms. Remaley has focused NTIA’s policy team to position it to meet the demands of the dynamic Internet and cyber policy landscape. Her portfolio includes work on the full scope of today’s critical digital policy issues including cybersecurity, supply chain risk management, privacy, the free flow of information, encryption, and the Internet of things. Her team focuses on pursuing policies that bolster the digital economy, while protecting citizens, and works to expand the policy conversation beyond Washington, DC to reach a full spectrum of Internet ecosystem players. 

Prior to her work within the federal government, Ms. Remaley led a Cybersecurity and Internet Policy Team at Booz Allen Hamilton in McLean, VA. Here she oversaw efforts and provided subject matter expertise supporting a wide range of cyber policy and governance projects for the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security. Prior to her time at Booz Allen, Ms. Remaley worked for a leading Internet service provider in its Internet Privacy and Security Federal Practice and spent time deploying the Internet across communities through her work with public libraries. 

Ms. Remaley holds a B.S. degree from Carnegie Mellon University. 

Greg is the Director of Public Knowledge's Government Affairs team, where he focuses on outreach on the full complement of Public Knowledge’s issues and policy recommendations to promote technological innovation.

Greg has more than 20 years of experience working on legislative and regulatory issues affecting today’s technology market. Prior to joining Public Knowledge, Greg was Senior Counsel at McGuirewoods and Akin Gump and served 14 years with the Federal Communications Commission as Director of Legislative Affairs and Counsel on a range of issues including broadband deployment and affordability, spectrum access, competition, net neutrality, privacy, and public safety. Greg is a licensed attorney in Virginia and D.C.

Greg received his J.D. from the George Mason University School of Law and his B.A. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Greg enjoys cooking and travel and has competed in 10 international distance triathlons.

In 2011, Mike Safyan joined the eight-person founding team at Planet (known as “Cosmogia” at the time) where the company was building the first iterations of its Dove smallsats in a Cupertino garage. Since then, Planet has expanded to a global organization leading the NewSpace industry, with 400 employees and the world’s largest fleet of Medium-resolution and High-resolution Earth Imaging satellites. Mike is responsible for Planet’s Launch strategy and has overseen the launch of over 300 Planet satellites across 20 launch attempts working with a variety of different launch providers and launch vehicles. Mike’s role at Planet has evolved over time; he was previously in charge of Planet’s Regulatory Licensing & Compliance, working with Export Control agencies, the FCC, the ITU and NOAA to obtain the required approvals and authorizations for commercial, remote sensing satellites, and for a time he also oversaw the regulatory licensing and contractual management of Planet’s global ground station network.

Mike received his B.S. of Aerospace Engineering at UCLA, and a M.Sc. of Space Studies at the International Space University in Strasbourg, France. He started his career working on lunar rover designs for the Barcelona Moon Team competing for the Google Lunar X-Prize, and then joined the PhoneSat team at NASA Ames where he worked as a Systems Engineer developing ultra low-cost cubesats utilizing smartphone technologies. In 2018, Mike received the SSPI Promise Award, which recognizes outstanding achievement by satellite industry professionals under the age of 35.

In addition to his duties as chief of staff to Commissioner Starks, Mr. Davenport also advises the Commissioner on wireless and international matters. Mr. Davenport has a long record of federal service, having served most of his career in the FCC's Enforcement Bureau, beginning as a staff attorney then moving to management positions and ultimately serving as the Deputy Bureau Chief responsible for the Commission's spectrum enforcement matters. Most recently, Mr. Davenport served as Senior Vice President, Federal Regulatory, for Ligado Networks. Earlier in his career, Mr. Davenport also worked at two DC-area law firms, specializing in litigation and communications issues. Mr. Davenport is a two-time co-chair of the Federal Communications Bar Association's Enforcement Committee and a member of the Endorsements committee of the DC chapter of the National Hispanic Bar Association. Mr. Davenport is a graduate of Northwestern University and the University of Pennsylvania Law School.

Jennifer A. Manner is Senior Vice President of Regulatory Affairs at EchoStar Corporation/Hughes Network Systems LLC where she is responsible for the company’s domestic and international regulatory and policy issues, including spectrum management, new technologies and market access. Ms. Manner has held senior positions in the U.S. government including, Deputy Chief of the Office and Engineering and Technology and before that Deputy Chief of the FCC's Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau, as well as Senior Counsel to FCC Commissioner Abernathy and in a range of U.S. telecommunications companies. Ms. Manner is widely published on telecommunications issues including and her most recent book, , Spectrum Wars: The Rise of 5G and Beyond (Artech House) will be out in December 2021. Ms. Manner also serves in leadership roles in several trade associations and at the International Telecommunications Union Radiocommunication Sector. Ms. Manner is also an award-winning documentary film producer.

Jim is head of Government Relations and Public Policy at Roku.  He develops, manages, and advocates Roku’s public policy positions before government officials and within the industry around the world.

Jim has been a regulatory and public policy professional focusing on telecom, internet, and media issues for nearly 25 years.  Prior to joining Roku, Jim was at Microsoft for 8 years, addressing global communications and media regulatory and policy issues for various Microsoft business groups.  Prior to that, he was at AT&T for about 15 years, where he held various positions as a state and federal regulatory attorney.  Before joining AT&T, he was with the law firm of McKenna & Cuneo in Washington, D.C., handling general civil and administrative litigation matters. 

This Fall, he’s teaching Communications Law as an adjunct at George Mason.

Jim has an undergrad degree from Northwestern and his law degree from UCLA. 

Mr. Clarke is Vice President of Federal Regulatory Affairs for Lumen Technologies.   In this role he is responsible for leading Lumen’s FCC advocacy efforts and managing Lumen’s FCC advocacy team.   Prior to joining Lumen, Mr. Clarke served as an FCC Staff member for 15 years, most recently as an advisor to FCC Commissioner Starks on Wireline and Public Safety issues.   Before advising Commissioner Starks, Mr. Clarke served as FCC counsel to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and in leadership positions in the FCC’s Wireline Competition Bureau including Acting Deputy Bureau Chief, Chief of the Competition Policy Division, and Deputy Chief of the Pricing Policy Division.   Before joining the FCC, Mr. Clarke served as an Assistant Attorney General for the State of Illinois, focusing on telecommunications policy and consumer advocacy.  Mr. Clarke is a graduate of the Chicago-Kent College of Law and Wheaton College in Massachusetts.

Mr. Miller joined Commissioner O’Rielly’s office from the Office of Congressman Brett Guthrie of Kentucky, where he started as a Senior Legislative Assistant in 2013 following a year of service in the Office of Todd Rokita of Indiana. Most recently he served as Deputy Chief of Staff and Legislative Director for Mr. Guthrie, responsible for crafting and carrying out the Congressman’s overall agenda and advising on matters before the House Energy and Commerce Committee, including communications policy. Mr. Miller received his J.D. from the Antonin Scalia Law School at George Mason University and his B.A. in English from Malone University.

Ms. Holland advises Commissioner Starks on media and consumer protection matters. Ms. Holland returns to federal service after a brief period in the private sector, where she most recently served as Senior Advisor for Technology and Telecom at the Washington Bureau of the National Urban League, a historic civil rights organization dedicated to the economic empowerment of underserved urban communities. She also served as Vice President, Law and Policy at USTelecom – The Broadband Association, during which she was appointed to serve as Vice Chair of the FCC's North American Numbering Council. In her previous tenure at the FCC, Ms, Holland served in various leadership roles including Deputy Associate General Counsel for Administrative Law and Chief of Staff in the Office of General Counsel, and Associate Bureau Chief, Chief of Staff, and Division Chief in the Wireline Competition Bureau. She also currently serves as Assistant Treasurer of the Federal Communications Bar Association. Ms. Holland is a graduate of the University of Maryland, Howard University School of Law (J.D., cum laude), and Georgetown University Law Center (LL.M.).

Narda currently serves as the Senior Technology Policy Advisor and Counsel for the minority staff of the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Transportation and Science.  She started working in the United States Senate in 2014 after a spending over a decade at the Federal Communications Commission.

Previously, Narda worked at the Minnesota Attorney General’s Office and the Minneapolis City Attorney’s Office.  She was also part of the inaugural class of the AmeriCorps Legal Fellowship program.

Born and raised in Brooklyn, New York, Narda is a graduate of Wesleyan University (B.A.) and Brooklyn Law School (J.D.).

Years of government, industry, and law firm service have shaped Michele Farquhar into an influential advisor, advocate, and thought leader for the technology, media, and telecoms industry.

Michele serves as the Managing Partner of the firm’s Washington, D.C. office. She helps clients with a range of global and U.S. communications policy initiatives, spectrum auctions, licensing and compliance matters, and regulatory strategy involving M&A transactions as well as litigation.

Michele obtains regulatory approvals, waivers, and other licenses for many new and cutting-edge technologies. And she leads teams advising major global companies on regulatory strategy issues involving a range of international jurisdictions. As a legal authority in her industry, she also speaks and writes extensively on a range of communications issues.

Michele joined the firm in 1997, after serving as Chief of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Wireless Telecommunications Bureau. While at the FCC, she led the agency's new spectrum auction initiative and held primary responsibility over several major auctions and spectrum policy initiatives, as well as the bureau's implementation of the Telecommunications Act of 1996.

Previously, Michele served as Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary and Chief of Staff for the National Telecommunications and Information Administration at the U.S. Department of Commerce. She played a lead role in developing the administration's positions on telecommunications reform as well as spectrum, international, electronic commerce, and other policy issues.

As Vice President for Law and Regulatory Policy at the Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association, she gained industry knowledge and regulatory advocacy experience while representing cellular carriers on regulatory, policy, and legal issues before the FCC. Michele also served as senior legal advisor to FCC Commissioner Ervin Duggan and as the mass media advisor to two FCC general counsels.