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Hot Topics in Advertising Law 2012

Speaker(s): Adam I. Cohen, Christopher F. Chabris, David Kaplan, David H. Bernstein, Ellie Boragine, Hal Poret, Heather Hippsley, Hon. John G. Koeltl, Jennifer E. Fried, Jessie F. Beeber, John Hooper, Paul Levinson, Randi W. Singer, Robert B. Carey, Sofia S. Rahman, Stuart Elliott
Recorded on: Mar. 8, 2012
PLI Program #: 34135

Ellie Boragine serves as Advertising and Commercial Counsel at JetBlue Airways Corporation, where she supports various business teams in their advertising efforts and negotiation of contracts with customer-facing business partners. Her wide-ranging practice includes counseling her clients on FTC and DOT advertising and consumer protection regulations, sweepstakes and promotions, privacy issues, copyright, trademark, claim and substantiation development, the creation and management of customer reward and other special offer programs, and social media. 

Prior to joining JetBlue, Ellie was an associate in the Advertising, Marketing & Public Relations group at Frankfurt Kurnit Klein & Selz PC and in the Intellectual Property & Media group at Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP. 

Ellie holds a B.A. and J.D. from Georgetown University and is admitted to practice in the state courts of New York and the United States District Courts for the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York. 

John Hooper is a senior partner at Reed Smith, LLP in their New York Office. John has a broad range of experience in defending multi-national companies in complex litigations, including a variety of commercial, product liability, financial services, false and misleading advertising and other consumer class actions where he has served as national, regional and/or local counsel. He represents a broad array of clients in a variety of industries including pharmaceutical, medical device, health care, automotive, consumer products, apparel, recreation, building materials, safety, private equity and entertainment.  He has successfully litigated and negotiated the settlement of nationwide class actions and actions brought on behalf of the FTC, State and local agencies involving claims of false and misleading advertising as well violations of consumer protection statutes. He has been recognized by Legal 500 for his practical approach to managing complex litigation matters and by the American Lawyer for his skills in the resolution of complex matters and his overall service to his clients has been recognized by his nomination to the BTI Client Service All Start Team for multiple years. John is a frequent speaker in the United States and Canada on topics related to class and mass actions. He is a former Manhattan Assistant District Attorney and worked as an in-house attorney at Bristol-Myers Squibb Company.

Christopher Chabris received his A.B. in computer science and his Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard University, where he was also a Lecturer and Research Associate for many years. He did postdoctoral work in brain imaging at Massachusetts General Hospital. He is now Assistant Professor of Psychology and co-director of the Neuroscience Program at Union College in Schenectady, New York, Adjunct Assistant Professor of Neurology at Albany Medical College, and a Research Affiliate at the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence. He is the co-author (with Daniel Simons) of the New York Times bestseller and Editor's Choice book The Invisible Gorilla, and Other Ways Our Intuitions Deceive Us, published in 2010 by Crown in the U.S. and HarperCollins in the U.K., with translations published or forthcoming in Chinese, Japanese, Russian, German, Spanish, Italian, and eleven other languages. In 2004 Chris and Dan shared the Ig Nobel Prize in Psychology (awarded for "achievements that first make people laugh, and then make them think") for the experiment that inspired their book. Chris has spoken to audiences at PopTech, Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, Procter & Gamble, and elsewhere. Chris's research focuses on three main areas: collective intelligence in human groups; individual differences in thinking and decision-making; and how cognitive illusions affect our lives. He has published papers on a diverse array of topics, including human intelligence, beauty and the brain, face recognition, the Mozart effect, group performance, intertemporal choice, chess expertise, and visual cognition. Chris's work has appeared in leading journals, including Science, Nature, Psychological Science, Nature Neuroscience, Perception, and Cognitive Science, and it has been covered by major media outlets worldwide. Chris is also a chess master and poker amateur, and he writes occasionally for the Wall Street Journal and other national publications.

Somewhat Briefer Biography:

Christopher Chabris is a psychology professor at Union College in New York, where he studies intelligence, thinking, and decision-making. He is also a Research Affiliate of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence. He received his Ph.D. and A.B. degrees from Harvard University. Chris is the co-author of the New York Times bestseller and Editor's Choice book The Invisible Gorilla, and Other Ways Our Intuitions Deceive Us, which has been published in 18 languages. He shared the 2004 Ig Nobel Prize in Psychology (awarded for "achievements that first make people laugh, and then make them think"), given for the experiment that inspired the book. Chris has spoken to audiences at major conferences and businesses, and his work has been published in leading journals including Science, Nature, Perception, and Cognitive Science. He is also a chess master, poker amateur, and contributor to the Wall Street Journal and other national publications.

Dave Kaplan is Vice President, Bravo Media Research at NBCUniversal, where he works with Bravo's advertisers on measurement solutions across all touchpoints including on-air, online, social and interactive. He produces new insights across key categories, shares best practices with marketing partners and industry experts, and helps Bravo navigate through the evolving media landscape.

He previously held the role of SVP of Product Leadership at The Nielsen Company, where he managed the firm's suite of cross-platform advertising effectiveness products.

In his eight years at Nielsen (originally with IAG Research, which was acquired by Nielsen in 2008), Dave contributed substantially to the development of the company's core research products that measure the effectiveness of TV commercials and branded entertainment, and to the understanding and use of program engagement metrics. Most recently, Dave helped lead the creation of three new key ad measurement systems, for Spanish-language TV, Internet/Cross-Media and Mobile.

Dave holds a BA in Psychology from Cornell University's College of Arts and Sciences where he was named a member of Phi Beta Kappa.

He had the honor of being the first recipient (research agency side) of the ARF's Rising Star Award in March of 2006, recognizing the industry's most promising young researchers. In 2009, Dave was selected to join the "Nielsen Leadership Program" - an initiative designed to engage top talent in the company's strategic agenda and to further strengthen knowledge of client needs. In 2010, Dave co-presented with Microsoft at the ARF annual convention on the topic of video advertising effectiveness.

Most recently, he moderated a panel on media consumption and consumer behavior at Audience Measurement 6.0 in June in New York and participated in a panel on neuroscience and its marketing applications at October's Advertising Week.

David Bernstein is a litigation partner and a member of the firm's Intellectual Property and International Dispute Resolution Groups.  He is one of the nation's leading intellectual property litigators, and has handled high-profile matters including trademark and trade dress infringement and dilution, false advertising, Internet and domain name law, anti-counterfeiting, copyright infringement, right of publicity, misappropriation, trade secret and patent infringement.  Mr. Bernstein is recognized as an intellectual property "Star" in the IFLR Benchmark Litigation Guide (2011). He is ranked in the top tier by Chambers USA (2010), where clients note he is "the doyen of trademark and false advertising law"; by Legal 500 US (2010), where he is seen as "a brilliant litigator," and "the dean of the IP litigation bar;" and by the World Trademark Review 1000 (2011), where sources note that he is a "leading light" who is "respected by all in the industry."  In 2011, Managing Intellectual Property magazine selected Mr. Bernstein as the Outstanding IP Litigator of the Year, the International Trademark Association awarded Mr. Bernstein the President's Award, and the International Who's Who of Trademark Lawyers selected Mr. Bernstein as one of the top ten trademark lawyers in the world.

Mr. Bernstein is a frequent participant in alternative dispute resolution. He has served as a neutral in ADR proceedings administered by the London Court of International Arbitration, the World Intellectual Property Organization, the International Institute for Conflict Prevention and Resolution ("CPR"), the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre, and the National Arbitration Forum. 

Mr. Bernstein also serves on the Executive Advisory Committee of CPR.

Mr. Bernstein is an adjunct professor at George Washington University Law School and New York University Law School where he teaches Advanced Trademark Law.  He lectures regularly on intellectual property law and has authored or co-authored numerous treatises, chapters and articles on these issues, including The Law of Advertising, Marketing and Promotion (2011); "eBay & the Presumption of Irreparable Harm in Lanham Act False Advertising Cases," Computer & Internet Lawyer (2011); "Trademark and Unfair Competition Issues," Internet and Online Law (updated as of 2010); "Advertising Review, Clearance and Challenges," Successful Partnering Between Inside and Outside Counsel (updated as of 2011); "No Trolls Bared: Trademark Injunctions After eBay," 99 Trademark Reporter 1037 (2009); "Federal Circuit Misapplies Repair Doctrine to Method Patents," IP Law 360 (2006); and "Ethics and Privilege and United States Trademark Practice," 93 Trademark Reporter 1240 (2003). In 2007, Mr. Bernstein won a Barton Award for legal writing. He also was awarded the INTA Volunteer Service Award for his work on the Trademark Dilution Revision Act.

Mr. Bernstein is Past Counsel to INTA. He co-chaired the INTA 2005 Annual Meeting, has served on the INTA Board of Directors, and currently is Vice Chair of INTA's International Amicus Committee. 

Mr. Bernstein joined Debevoise in 1990. He received an A.B. magna cum laude from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs in 1985, an M.Sc. from the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1986, and his J.D. from Yale Law School in 1989. Prior to joining Debevoise, Mr. Bernstein served as a Law Clerk to the Honorable Robert E. Keeton, US District Court for the District of Massachusetts, from 1989-1990.

Hal Poret is a Senior Vice President at ORC International, a market research firm. Since 2004, Mr. Poret has personally designed, supervised, and implemented over 350 consumer surveys concerning consumer perception, opinion, and behavior, including surveys relating to false advertising, claim substantiation, and trademark/trade dress matters. He has personally designed numerous studies that have been admitted as evidence in legal proceedings and has testified as an expert in over 50 proceedings before U.S. District Courts, the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board, and NAD.

Mr. Poret has frequently spoken at major intellectual property law and legal conferences on the topic of how to design and conduct surveys that meet legal evidentiary standards for reliability, including conferences held by the International Trademark Association (INTA), American Intellectual Property Law Association, Practicing Law Institute, Managing Intellectual Property, Promotions Marketing Association, American Conference Institute, and various local bar and IP organizations. In 2010, Mr. Poret published an article regarding the use of online and other trademark surveys in The Trademark Reporter, a journal published by the International Trademark Association. He is also a Senior Research Fellow at the Center for the Empirical Study of Trademark Law, a research center established by the McCarthy Institute for Intellectual Property and Technology Law at the University of San Francisco School of Law.

Mr. Poret Graduated magna cum laude from Union College in 1993 with a major in theoretical mathematics and received College's award for achievement in mathematics. From 1993 to 1995, he taught statistics and calculus while studying numerical analysis and earning a Master's degree in Mathematics, summa cum laude, at S.U.N.Y. Albany. He graduated cum laude with a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1998. 

Heather Hippsley is an assistant director for the Division of Advertising Practices with over twenty-five years experience specializing in the Federal Trade Commission's advertising and marketing law. During her tenure with the Commission, Ms. Hippsley has handled numerous federal court and administrative cases dealing with deceptive advertising including actions against Kellogg's for its Frosted Mini-Wheats and Rice Krispies ad campaigns, Bayer for its One-A-Day WeightSmart ad campaign, and KFC for its "Eat Better" ad campaign, and against the marketers of Cortislim, Xenadrine EFX, Focus Factor, Senior Moment, and Coral Calcium Supreme. Ms. Hippsley also heads up the agency's Food Marketing to Children project. Prior to her appointment as an assistant director in the Division of Advertising Practices, Ms. Hippsley was an assistant director in the Division of Enforcement. She also has served as an Attorney Advisor to two former FTC Commissioners. She is a recipient of the Commission's Louis D. Brandeis Award for Excellence in Litigation.

 Ms. Hippsley received her J.D. cum laude from Northwestern School of Law of Lewis and Clark College in Portland, Oregon in 1984. She received her B.S. from Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service in 1979. She is a member of the State Bar of Ohio.

Jennifer Fried is a senior staff attorney at NAD. Prior to joining NAD, Jennifer worked as an associate at Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy and as an assistant editor at The American Lawyer magazine.

As a law student, Jennifer interned for the Honorable Richard Conway Casey of the Southern District of New York and for the United States Senate Office of Legislative Counsel. She earned her B.A. in philosophy from the University of Michigan, and her J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School.

Jessie F. Beeber is a partner of the firm and a member of the Intellectual Property and Litigation Groups. Her practice focuses on intellectual property litigation and counseling, including copyright, trademark, false advertising, defamation and Internet infringement issues. She has been named a New York-area “Super Lawyer” for Intellectual Property Litigation by Law and Politics magazine five times.

Ms. Beeber has handled numerous intellectual property litigations, including false advertising disputes for major brands. She is currently defending the manufacturer of a leading cat litter product in a false advertising suit brought by one of its competitors. She has also defended the author and publisher of the renowned Harry Potter books against claims of trademark and copyright infringement; represented a major insurance company in a dispute with regarding coverage for copyright infringement claims; represented the successors to Margaret Mitchell in their controversial copyright case against the author and publisher of The Wind Done Gone, an alleged parody of Gone With the Wind; and represented the author and publisher of 60 Years Later: Coming
Through the Rye
against a copyright infringement claim brought by J.D. Salinger. She has also successfully litigated numerous domain name disputes, and has brought and defended advertising challenges before the National Advertising Division of the Council of Better Business Bureaus.

Ms. Beeber has also litigated many disputes in the commercial arena, including a major breach of warranty and fraud claim brought on behalf of Tribune Entertainment Company against Marvel Enterprises, Inc., regarding rights in the television series Mutant X.

Ms. Beeber is co-editor of Entertainment Law Matters (, a Frankfurt Kurnit blog about disputes and developments in the film, television, publishing, theatre, music, art, gaming, and fashion industries. Ms. Beeber has lectured and written on a variety of intellectual property topics.

Ms. Beeber is a graduate of Cornell University, with a B.A. in English, and of Cornell Law School, where she was a Note Editor of the Cornell Law Review.

Paul Levinson, PhD, is Professor of Communication & Media Studies at Fordham University in New York City. His eight nonfiction books, including The Soft Edge (1997), Digital McLuhan (1999), Realspace (2003), Cellphone (2004), and New New Media (2009)  have been the subject of major articles in the New York Times, Wired, the Christian Science Monitor, and have been translated into ten languages. His science fiction novels include The Silk Code (1999, winner of the Locus Award for Best First Novel), Borrowed Tides (2001), The Consciousness Plague (2002), The Pixel Eye (2003), and The Plot To Save Socrates (2006). His short stories have been nominated for Nebula, Hugo, Edgar, and Sturgeon Awards. Paul Levinson appears on "The O'Reilly Factor" (Fox News), "The CBS Evening News,"  "NewsHour with Jim Lehrer" (PBS), "Nightline" (ABC), Dylan Ratigan (MSNBC) and numerous national and international TV and radio programs. His 1972 LP, Twice Upon a Rhyme, was re-issued on mini-CD by Big Pink Records in 2009, and was re-issued in a vinyl remastered re-pressing by Sound of Salvation/Whiplash Records in December 2010. He reviews the best of television in his blog, writes political commentary for Mediaite, and was listed in The Chronicle of Higher Education's "Top 10 Academic Twitterers" in 2009.

Stuart Elliott has been the advertising columnist of The New York Times since May 1991, writing the weekday advertising report as well as other news articles and features. He also writes a weekly e-mail newsletter, In Advertising, for The New York Times on the Web; writes posts forThe Times's media blog, Media Decoder; and previously produced radio reports and podcasts for the Times on advertising and marketing topics.

Mr. Elliott has covered advertising, marketing and media topics for two decades; in addition to The Times, he has written on those subjects for USA Today, Advertising Age, The Detroit Free Press and The Times-Union in Rochester, N.Y.

Mr. Elliott has freelanced for many publications, including Campaign, Texas Monthly and Working Woman; speaks around the country; moderates panels, and has appeared on television programs like "Nightline," "Biography," "20/20," "The News with Brian Williams" and specials on networks including The History Channel, Showtime and VH1.

Mr. Elliott received his bachelor's and master's degrees from the Medill School of Journalism at Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill. He lives in Manhattan and his hobbies and interests include politics, popular culture, American history and nostalgia, especially old advertising.

Adam Cohen is a Principal in Ernst & Young LLP’s Forensic Technologies and Discovery Services practice.   He has more than 20 years of experience in law and technology, and routinely advises some of the world’s leading businesses and law firms on data management and electronic discovery issues. Adam’s work focuses on large-scale investigations and litigations as well as proactive information management policies, procedures and technology. He is a well-known author and lecturer in the field of electronic discovery, and has served as a court-appointed expert on electronic discovery issues in Federal Court.

Prior to his career in consulting, Adam was a litigation partner in the New York office of Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP, where he represented large corporate clients in complex litigation involving computer and Internet-related issues. He is the author of Social Media Legal Risk and Corporate Policy (Wolters Kluwer) and co-author of the treatise Electronic Discovery:  Law and Practice (Wolters Kluwer), in its eleventh year of publication.  It has been cited as authority in several landmark Federal Court opinions involving electronic discovery.

Adam is also co-author of the ESI Handbook:  Sources, Technology and Process (Wolters Kluwer) and the New York State Bar Association’s Best Practices in eDiscovery in New York State and Federal Courts, as well as many articles in national legal and technology publications. He is a co-author and editor-in-chief of the forthcoming book Insider’s Guide to Technology Assisted Review (Wiley).

An adjunct faculty member at Fordham Law School and Pace Law School in New York, Adam teaches Electronic Discovery courses designed to prepare the next generation of attorneys for effective practice in this area. He serves on the advisory board of Georgetown Law School’s Advanced eDiscovery Institute.

Adam is also a member of the Sedona Conference working group on electronic discovery and has chaired the New York State Bar Association’s electronic discovery committee since its inception ten years ago. 


  • Duke Law School, J.D., 1993
  • Wesleyan University, B.A., 1986

Memberships & Affiliations

  • New York State Bar Association
  • Defense Research Institute
  • Sedona Conference
  • Association of the Bar of the City of New York
  • ARMA International


Honorable John G. Koeltl was appointed United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York on August 11, 1994 and entered on duty on September 9, 1994.  He graduated from Georgetown University with an A.B. degree summa cum laude in 1967 and received a J.D. degree magna cum laude for Harvard Law School in 1971, where he was an editor of the Harvard Law Review.  

From 1971 to 1972, Judge Koeltl was a law clerk to the Hon. Edward Weinfeld, United States District Judge, Southern District of New York and from 1972 to 1973 he was a law clerk to the Hon. Potter Stewart, United States Supreme Court.  He served as an Assistant Special Prosecutor, Watergate Special Prosecution Force, Department of Justice from 1973 to 1974.  In February 1975 he became an Associate with Debevoise & Plimpton until January 1979 when he became a partner with the firm.  He remained at Debevoise & Plimpton until his appointment to the bench in 1994.

Judge Koeltl is a member of the American Bar Association, the American Law Institute, the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, the New York State Bar Association, the New York County Lawyers Association, the Federal Bar Council, the Federal Communications Bar Association, the Fellows of the American Bar Foundation, the American Judicature Society, Phi Beta Kappa Associates, the Supreme Court Historical Society and the Harvard Law School Association of New York.  Judge Koeltl is an Adjunct Professor of Law at New York University School of Law. 

Judge Koeltl is a former member of the Advisory Committee on Civil Rules and the Committee on Court Administration and Case Management of the Judicial Conference of the United States.

Randi Singer is a litigation partner in Weil's New York office, a member of the Firm's Intellectual Property & Media practice and Co-Head of its Cybersecurity, Data Privacy & Information Management group. She focuses primarily on copyright, Lanham Act false advertising and trademark litigation, as well as privacy and cybersecurity, in addition to complex commercial litigation and bankruptcy proceedings.

Ms. Singer has been repeatedly recognized as a leading intellectual property and media & entertainment lawyer by legal industry publications, including The Legal 500 US, Chambers USA, World Trademark Review, Benchmark Litigation, Expert Guides, Managing IP Magazine's IP Stars, Super Lawyers, and Law360. She has successfully represented and counseled clients on a wide variety of copyright and trademark matters encompassing classic ownership and fair use issues for comic books, academic works, music and photographs. A recognized expert on secondary liability infringement issues, major internet platform clients regularly call on Ms. Singer for help navigating an array of unprecedented concerns and solving a wide variety of disputes. Her advertising, trademark, and state unfair trade practices cases have spanned a broad spectrum of consumer products and services, from over-the-counter drugs, razors, toothpaste, paint, food and cosmetics, to financial services, cell phone cases, luxury goods and consumer electronics.

Ms. Singer has earned the Certified Information Privacy Professional (ClPP/US) and Certified Information Privacy Technologist (CIPT) credentials and regularly advises clients in connection with privacy, cybersecurity, and social media issues in a wide variety of matters, including more than one hundred transactions ranging from high-profile deals such as Facebook's acquisition of Whatsapp, Inc. to large public company mergers and small talent acquisitions. In 2015, The National Law Journal recognized Ms. Singer as one of its inaugural "Trailblazers" nationwide for her cutting-edge work in the cybersecurity and data privacy area.

In addition to her active practice, Ms. Singer has taught a course on Trademarks and Unfair Competition Law as an adjunct professor at St. John's University School of Law and is a popular speaker whose speaking engagements include panels and discussions concerning copyright, advertising, and other intellectual property issues for organizations such as the International Trademark Association  (INTA), the Copyright Society, the National Advertising  Division, the Practising Law Institute, the American Conference  Institute, and the New York State Bar Association Section on Intellectual Property. Other professional affiliations include the International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP), the New York State Bar Association, the Private Advertising Litigation subcommittee of the ABA, and she has served on the Trademarks and Consumer Affairs Committees of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York.

Ms. Singer is a member of the global steering committee for Women@Weil, Weil's women's affinity group, the winner of Weil's first-ever mentoring award, and an inductee into the YWCA's Academy of Women Leaders. In addition to  her work as the General Counsel for the Lang Lang International Music Foundation, her pro bono work includes litigation successes for the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society and Sanctuary for Families, trademark and IP counseling for organizations such as The Joyful Heart Foundation and the Breast Cancer Research Foundation, as well as extensive legal support and counseling concerning ambush marketing for NYC2012, New York City's bid for the 2012 Olympics.

Ms. Singer graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University. After receiving her J.D. from Columbia Law School, where she was a Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar, Ms. Singer clerked for the Honorable Richard Owen, U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of New York.

Mr. Carey handles class-action lawsuits against many different types of organizations and companies. He has served as lead counsel in cases such as the LifeLock Sales and Marketing Litigation, Hyundai Motor America’s cases on sub-frame corrosion and airbag systems and the state of Arizona’s claim against McKesson Corporation for overcharging on prescription drugs. Mr. Carey has argued high-profile cases in federal and state courts across the country.

Current Role:

  • Partner & Executive Committee Member, Hagens Berman Sobol Shapiro
  • Leads Hagens Berman’s Phoenix and Colorado Springs offices
  • Practice focuses on class-action lawsuits, including auto defect, insurance, right of publicity and fraud cases. Mr. Carey's work also extends to bad-faith insurance, personal injury and medical malpractice, with several jury trials involving verdicts with as much as $75 million at stake.
  • Routinely handles jury trials for high-value cases

Recent Success:

  • Helped start HB’s efforts against GM for its ignition system and other recall problems, which is now in the MDL with Hagens Berman leading the litigation
  • Helped originate the Toyota Sudden Unintended Acceleration case, filing the initial Hagens Berman complaints for a case that eventually settled for $1.6 billion
  • Led Hagens Berman’s efforts on the $400 million settlement with Hyundai and Kia corporations over misrepresentations about MPG ratings
  • Helped secure a first-ever ($60 million) settlement for collegiate student-athletes (Keller, consolidated with O'Bannon) from Electronic Arts (EA) and the NCAA for the misappropriation of the student-athletes' likenesses and images for the EA college football video game series. This groundbreaking suit went up to the U.S. Supreme Court before a settlement was reached, providing student-athletes—even current ones—with cash recoveries for the use of their likenesses without permission.
  • Numerous jury verdicts in trials, including complex matters, phasing of threshold issues, liability and damages, trials with more than $75 million at stake and recoveries of treble and punitive damages
  • Represented Donnovan Hill against Pop Warner after he was paralyzed at 13. With Rachel Freeman, Rob secured a settlement that "forever changed youth football" (OC Weekly) and was "unprecedented" and owed a debt of gratitude by those who care about the safety of kids playing football (Washington Post).  Donnovan died tragically during a 2016 surgery. 


University of Denver, M.B.A., J.D., 1986

Arizona State University, B.S., 1983

Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government, State & Local Government Program, 1992

Sofia heads up the Social Media Legal department at Citi globally and is also responsible for Privacy and Data Protection across the Operations & Technology group. 

Her practice areas also include mobile applications, online and offline marketing, advertising, intellectual property and promotions.

Sofia began her in-house career with Citi in 2004.  Prior to that, she was in private practice at Davis & Gilbert, LLP in New York City.  Sofia received her J.D. from Boston University School of Law and her B.A. from Columbia College, Columbia University.