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Commercial Real Estate Institute 2014 (16th Annual)

Speaker(s): Addison D. Braendel, Anthony Barsanti, Diana M. Brummer, Donald Frey, Elliot L. Hurwitz, Frank Carroll, Jacqueline Marcus, Janice Mac Avoy, Jessica Hoppe, Jill Hayman, Joelle L. Halperin, Kevin C. Jones, Kevin J. Connolly, Mitchell D. Haddad, Pamela Caruso, Paul D. Selver, Philip E. Karmel, Robert J. Bergson, Ronald D. Sernau, Steven G. Horowitz, Steven L. Wilner
Recorded on: Nov. 20, 2014
PLI Program #: 50528

Diana Brummer is a partner in the firm’s Real Estate Industry group. Ms. Brummer’s experience spans the spectrum of commercial real estate transactions with a particular emphasis on complex joint ventures, senior, construction and mezzanine financings (for both lenders and borrowers), acquisitions and dispositions, loan workouts, real estate recapitalizations and development. 

Ms. Brummer represents a wide variety of client types, including institutional investors, pension funds, private real estate funds and public and private REITs, as well as their investment advisers.  She also regularly counsels her clients on all aspects of managing distressed real estate assets.

Prior to joining Goodwin in 2018, Ms. Brummer was a partner at Stroock & Stroock & Lavan LLP. She previously practiced at Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, spending more than two years in their Tokyo office. Ms. Brummer lived in Japan for a total of five years and is proficient in Japanese.

Professional Activities

Ms. Brummer is a member of the Leadership Advisory Committee of the National Women’s Law Institute and is also active in pro bono matters. She is a member of CREW New York and the Association of the Bar of the City of New York.


Ms. Brummer has been recognized in the Real Estate: New York category of Chambers USA and has also been nationally recommended by The Legal 500 United States

Ms. Brummer was recognized in several years of New York Real Estate Journal’s Women in Real Estate Spotlight for exceptional work in the New York City metro area. Real Estate New York Magazine named Ms. Brummer as one of its “Rising Stars” in the commercial real estate industry.


  • J.D., Cornell Law School, 1998 (magna cum laude) Order of the Coif; Articles Editor, Cornell Law Review; Kerr Prize for Academic Excellence
  • B.A., University of Illinois, 1994 (with distinction) Tyler Award for Excellence in East Asian Studies


  • Ms. Brummer is admitted to practice in New York.
  • Clerkships
  • U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, Honorable Richard J. Cardamone


Janice Mac Avoy is a member of the Real Estate Department and the Litigation Department, co-head of the Real Estate Litigation Practice Group and a member of the Firm's Pro Bono Committee.
Ms. Mac Avoy concentrates her practice in complex real estate-related transactions and disputes, commercial litigation and arbitration, complex commercial landlord tenant disputes and commercial fair market rent arbitrations. She also has extensive experience in creditor’s rights, including complex commercial real estate mortgage foreclosures and UCC foreclosures, workouts and restructuring of real estate secured debt. Ms. Mac Avoy works with the Firm’s Real Estate Department on transactions in order to resolve issues without resorting to litigation.

Ms. Mac Avoy’s clients include commercial landlords and tenants, lenders and investors, broker-dealers and multinational corporations as well as individuals involved in commercial disputes. A significant amount of Ms. Mac Avoy’s practice includes advising clients on complex securitized debt in which the underlying assets are real estate, including the enforcement of lender’s rights, acquisition and divestitures of real estate secured debt and the restructuring of real estate secured debt. She also advises clients in complex partnership and joint venture disputes.

Ms. Mac Avoy has created seminars and CLE presentations on, among other things, the basics of real estate restructuring and workouts, mezzanine loan foreclosures under the UCC and the parameters of the attorney-client privilege in the corporate context. Ms. Mac Avoy has also published articles on lender liability claims, developments in the law of attorney-client privilege, electronic discovery and the appropriate use of email.

Ms. Mac Avoy is ranked by Chambers USA: America's Leading Lawyers for Business for Real Estate Litigation, which describes her as “the best real estate litigator in New York.”

Ms. Mac Avoy received the “Courage Award” from The Women Lawyers Association of Los Angeles for her exceptional dedication and commitment in the fight to protect women’s reproductive freedom. She received the "Commitment to Justice Award" for her extensive work on and long-term commitment to family law cases referred to her by Her Justice (formerly inMotion). In addition, she was honored with the 2018 Zero Tolerance Award by Sanctuary for Families at the annual Zero Tolerance gala for her lifelong commitment to the protection and empowerment of women. In 2019, Ms. Mac Avoy was admitted as a member to the American College of Real Estate Lawyers (ACREL), a premier organization of US real estate lawyers.

Ms. Mac Avoy is regularly named among Crain's New York Business' list of Notable Women in Law, a feature honoring achievements of the brightest and boldest legal minds with both distinguished careers and exceptional civic and philanthropic activities. In 2019, Globe St. Real Estate Forum named Ms. Mac Avoy to its Women of Influence feature, which recognizes remarkable commercial real estate professionals. Ms. Mac Avoy also was inducted into Real Estate Forum’s “Women of Influence” Hall of Fame, and has been named by Super Lawyers as one of the Top 50 Women in New York.
Ms. Mac Avoy serves on the boards for Sanctuary for Families and the Center for Reproductive Rights. She is a member of the American College of Real Estate Lawyers (ACREL), the American Law Institute and the CREW Network (The Association of Commercial Real Estate Women), as well as a member and voting representative of the CRE Finance Council.

Ms. Mac Avoy received her JD from Columbia Law School in 1988, where she was a Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar and associate editor of the Law Review. She received her BA, summa cum laude, from Washington University in St. Louis in 1985, where she was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa society and has since been recognized as a distinguished alumna. Ms. Mac Avoy is admitted to practice in New York; the United States District Courts for the Southern and Eastern Districts of New York; the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan; and the United States Courts of Appeal for the Second, Third and Ninth Circuits.


Joelle Halperin, Managing Director - Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc.  Ms. Halperin joined Lehman in 2006 and is the senior real estate counsel for Lehman and a member of the Commercial Real Estate Executive Committee. Prior to joining Lehman, Ms. Halperin was special counsel in the New York office of Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson and an Adjunct Professor of Law at Benjamin Cardozo School of Law at Yeshiva University in New York.  Previously she was Vice President and Associate General Counsel of Bellmead Development Corporation and an associate at McCarter & English, LLP.  Ms. Halperin received a J.D. from Benjamin Cardozo School of Law, cum laude, an M.S. from Columbia University and a B.S. from New York University. She is admitted to the bar in New York and New Jersey.

Mitchell D. Haddad, a Member of the Sills Cummis & Gross Litigation Department, is Co-Chair of New York Real Estate Litigation.  He focuses on complex real estate and commercial litigation, creditors’ rights, workouts and corporate litigation.  He has first chaired numerous trials, argued appeals and participated in arbitrations and mediations on a wide variety of matters.  He works with clients and the Firm’s Real Estate Department on transactions in order to resolve issues and disputes prior to and as a means to resolve potential litigation.

Mr. Haddad represents domestic and international companies, lenders, borrowers, real estate owners and developers, and commercial landlords and tenants.  He prosecutes, defends and advises on complex commercial mortgage and UCC foreclosure actions, valuation proceedings, vendor-purchaser litigation, complex commercial landlord-tenant matters, Fair Housing Act and housing discrimination matters, not-for-profit and religious corporation transaction approval proceedings, zoning, title and land use issues, mechanic’s lien litigation, and general commercial torts, partnership, joint venture and corporate litigation and matters involving real estate entities.

Since 2012, Mr. Haddad has been selected for inclusion in New York Metro Super Lawyers®* published by Thompson Reuters under Real Estate and Business Litigation.  He is admitted to practice in New York and New Jersey, as well as before the U.S. District Courts for the Southern District of New York, Eastern District of New York and District of New Jersey, and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.

Pamela Caruso is Senior Vice President-Real Estate Counsel of Vornado Realty Trust.  She joined Vornado in 2003.  In this position, Pamela serves as real estate counsel for the New York Office Division which includes approximately 24 million square feet of office space.  She runs the legal group for the Office Division and reports directly to the President of the Office Division.  She works with the in-house leasing brokers and the operations group on the day-to-day legal and operational issues in connection with Vornado’s extensive office portfolio. 

Pamela has been practicing real estate law for 24 years.  She started her career as an associate in Schulte Roth & Zabel’s real estate department where she worked on complex financing deals and office leases.  She was a partner at Wolf Block Schorr & Solis-Cohen and at Mintz, Levin, Cohen, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, P.C. where she represented landlords in connection with their real estate portfolios including acquisitions, financings, leasing and development and telecommunications projects and numerous corporate clients in connection with their office leasing, acquisitions and financing. 

During the 2008/2009 season, Pamela was an AREW Board Member and served as a co-chair of the membership committee. Pamela is currently a member of WX, Inc.

Pamela has a BA from Colgate University and a JD with distinction from Hofstra University School of Law where she was a member of the school’s Law Review. 

Philip E. Karmel is a partner at Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP, a law firm with 35 offices in 10 countries.  His litigation practice includes environmental and real estate litigation, land use matters arising under environmental review statutes and zoning laws, and the defense of toxic tort actions.  He has tried a number of cases in federal and state courts and before administrative law judges and arbitrators and has briefed or argued motions or appeals in California, Colorado, Hawaii, Maryland, Montana, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, Washington, D.C., West Virginia and Wisconsin.  He also counsels clients on environmental matters, including environmental impact statements, environmental permitting, environmental compliance, investigations by governmental agencies, the redevelopment of brownfield properties, environmental aspects of corporate and real estate transactions, and issues arising under the Clean Air Act and federal and state superfund and oil spill statutes.  He has served as counsel for major energy, transportation and real estate development projects.

He has published many articles and several book chapters on environmental law, environmental litigation and toxic torts.  Upon graduation from law school, Mr. Karmel clerked for the Hon. Edward R. Becker, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, and thereafter served for five years as a Trial Attorney in the Environmental Enforcement Section of the U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C., where he received the Department’s Special Achievement Award for sustained superior performance of duty.  He received his J.D., cum laude, from the University of Chicago Law School, where he was an editor of the University of Chicago Law Review, and holds an M.Phil. in Economics from the University of Cambridge and a B.A. with Honors in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania.

He is listed in BEST LAWYERS IN AMERICA; CHAMBERS USA; and SUPER LAWYERS.  In 2005, he received the Scale of Justice Award from MFY Legal Services, Inc. for pro bono work.  In 2013, he received the New York County Lawyers Association’s Boris Kostelanetz President’s Medal in recognition of “distinguished service to the legal profession.”

Robert J. Bergson earned his law degree from Boston University School of Law.

Mr. Bergson’s practice focuses on professional liability defense, business and corporate litigation matters, real estate litigation, business divorce and products liability defense. He also handles disputes concerning miscellaneous/not-for-profit insurance lines, securities litigation, intellectual property, unfair competition claims and errors and omissions matters.     

Ron Sernau is part of New York’s real estate industry inner circle and has more than 30 years of experience in real estate law. His clients, some of which have relied on his advice for decades, routinely involve him in their strategic decision making. Ron offers clients the insight he has gained by representing opposing interests in similar transactions. He has advised landlords and tenants, lenders and borrowers, purchasers and sellers, equity investors and developers, managers and owners, and brokers and principals.

Ron represents prominent New York City real estate developers in their investments in, and development of, premier properties. Various businesses, from large publicly traded companies to boutique investment firms, engage him to address their real estate concerns. He also provides general legal advice to luxury retailers, with a focus on real estate issues.

At Proskauer, Ron serves as the co-head of the Real Estate Department and co-chair of the Private Equity Real Estate practice. Ron is also part of the Firm’s cross-disciplinary, cross-jurisdictional Coronavirus Response Team helping to shape the guidance and next steps for clients impacted by the pandemic.

An avid speaker on real estate topics, Ron has appeared before groups sponsored by the Association of the Bar of The City of New York, the New York Hospitality Council, Inc., the New York State Bar Association, the Georgetown Commercial Leasing Institute, CB Richard Ellis, Inc., the Association of Attorneys and Executives in Corporate Real Estate, Practising Law Institute, The Real Estate Board of New York, Inc. and the American College of Real Estate Lawyers.

Steven G. Horowitz serves as Chief Legal and Risk Officer at Open Space Institute, based in New York.  At OSI he focuses on land conservation, environmental mitigation, climate change and a wide range of resiliency activities.  He recently retired after many years as a partner of Cleary Gottlieb where he regularly represented U.S. and international commercial and investment banks, foreign and domestic institutional investors, property owners and corporations in their real estate matters. Transaction types encompassed all forms of joint ventures, mortgage finance and securitization, loan syndication, mortgage loan trading and subordinate debt, restructuring and real estate-related mergers and acquisitions.  In addition, he focused on credit tenant and portfolio leasing, workout and bankruptcy matters, investment entity formation and tax-oriented finance transactions, and investments in non-traditional property types such as resorts and hotels, Indian gaming casinos, mines, timber, utilities, sports fitness clubs, hospitals and nursing homes.

Steven repeatedly has been recognized by the business and legal press for his work on behalf of clients, including The Best Lawyers in America, which includes him in its 2018 edition, making Steven one of a small group to receive this honor for more than 15 consecutive years.  Prior to Law School, he worked as a housing and urban development planner in the New York City Department of City Planning.

Steven L. Wilner is a partner in Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton’s New York office. Steven’s practice focuses on financial, corporate and real estate matters, ranging from global real estate acquisitions, dispositions, development and finance to international mergers and acquisitions and restructurings, including private equity investments and joint ventures.

Steven has been recognized by numerous guides and publications as a leading practitioner in global Real Estate law, including Chambers Global, Chambers USA, The Legal 500 and The Best Lawyers in America. Steven was named a “Most Valuable Practitioner” in Real Estate by Law360, and was recently inducted into the American College of Real Estate Lawyers.

Steven is a frequent speaker on all aspects of Real Estate transactions and law, and participates in PLI’s ongoing “Bridge-the-Gap” series, which aims to teach young attorneys the essential skills for success in the business and practice of law.

Steven joined the firm in 1988 and became a partner in 1997. He spent 2001­2005 as the managing partner of the firm’s former Tokyo office.

For the majority of her career, Ms. Hayman was a Managing Director in the Legal and Compliance Division of Morgan Stanley, heading a 12-person global real estate team.  In this capacity, she was responsible for all legal matters relating to the firm’s real estate portfolio, including acquisitions and sales, leasing, design and construction, property management matters, and real estate matters related to mergers and acquisitions. During her tenure at Morgan Stanley, Ms. Hayman represented the firm in the development and leasing of large HQ premises and data centers in the United States, Hungary, Japan, Hong Kong, London and Glasgow. Following her tenure at Morgan Stanley, Ms. Hayman was special counsel at Hunton, Andrews Kurth and Fried Frank, where she represented corporate clients on both sides of leasing transactions and not for profit clients on the acquisition of leasehold condominium units.

Ms. Hayman was awarded the 2015 Chambers Women in Law Outstanding Achievement Award (In-House).  Ms. Hayman is also an adjunct professor at Fordham Law School where she teaches a course on Real Estate Drafting. 

Bar Admissions/Licensed Jurisdictions

New York

Mr. Connolly is the head of the real estate practice as JS Barkats PLLC. The practice is centered on the representation of “money partners” in distressed real estate transactions, but includes representation of owners, developers, contractors and design professionals in development transactions. Mr. Connolly is the editor of the mechanics’ lien chapter of Warren’s Weed New York Real Property and frequently advises participants in managing the risks of owning, operating and developing real estate.

Paul Selver is co-chair of Kramer Levin’s Land Use department. He has been engaged in the private practice of law in New York City since 1972. His practice encompasses all aspects of land use and development law, with a special emphasis on environmental, zoning and historic preservation. Mr. Selver has extensive experience counseling clients in the public and environmental review of complex and large scale projects. Over the past five years, he has coordinated the successful public approval and environmental review process for, among other projects, major waterfront rezonings in Queens and Brooklyn, the trans-Hudson rail tunnel and new train terminal for the (now cancelled) Access to the Region’s Core, and for the first transfers of “floating” Broadway theater development rights. He has also served as counsel for Landmarks Preservation Commission approvals of alterations and enlargements to buildings in, among other areas, the Greenwich Village, Ladies Mile and Upper East Side Historic Districts.

Among Mr. Selver’s current projects are the ongoing development of the southern six blocks of Riverside South, including the recently approved 3 million square foot Riverside Center; the redevelopment of Pier 17 at the South Street Seaport; the reconfiguration and repositioning of the retail space at the World Financial Center; a proceeding for the demolition of a designated landmark on the basis of “insufficient return”; and the development of One57, a 1,000 foot-tall hotel and residence opposite Carnegie Hall, and the International Gem Tower, including supervising the assemblage of the development rights used in and securing key zoning interpretations for each. He has supervised land use and environmental due diligence in connection with numerous purchases and financings of real estate; he has served as special counsel in litigation defending challenges to land use-related permits and approvals; and he has advised public as well as private sector clients.

Mr. Selver has received numerous honors including being ranked in Band 1 of Chambers USA (2005-2014), where he is described as having “fantastic knowledge” and being “smart, thoughtful and a good advocate.” He has been listed in The Best Lawyers in America since 2005 and was named “New York Area’s Land Use and Zoning Lawyer of the Year” in 2012. In 2013 and 2014, Legal 500 US named him a leading lawyer in real estate and construction — land use/zoning. Mr. Selver was profiled in the Commercial Observer’s Power Broker section in July 2014. He was recognized by Super Lawyers as one of the “Top 100 Lawyers in New York” in 2009 and 2010 and he has been listed as a Super Lawyer from 2006 to 2014. He has been chosen as a leading lawyer in America by Lawdragon 3000, named a “NYC Elite Land Use Attorney” by The Real Deal and featured in Real Estate Weekly’s All Stars special supplement. He is listed in Who’s Who in America.


  • J.D., Harvard Law School, 1972
  • B.A., magna cum laude, Harvard University, 1969

Bar Admissions

  • New York

Professional Affiliations

  • Real Estate Board of New York - Chairman, Zoning Committee, Member, Land Use and Environmental Committee
  • Mountain Lakes, New Jersey Planning Board
  • Board Member, Citizens Housing and Planning Council
  • Advisory Board, Cityland, a publication of the Center for New York City Law at New York Law School 
  • Advisory Committee, NYU Schack School of Real Estate

Don Frey is Senior Vice President of Real Estate Finance and Capital Markets at Simon Property Group, a global leader in retail real estate ownership, management and development and a S&P100 company.  Don’s chief responsibilities include negotiating, executing and servicing Simon’s secured debt portfolio and capital markets activity.  Prior to his current role, Don was Senior Finance Counsel at Simon, where his legal work focused on the company’s financing matters.  Don has extensive experience in all aspects of commercial real estate finance, with a particular emphasis on mortgage loan originations.  Before joining Simon, Don practiced law at Dechert LLP and Alston & Bird LLP in New York, where he represented banks and institutional investors in the origination, servicing, sale and restructuring of all manner of commercial real estate debt.

Elliot L. Hurwitz is Chief Commercial Counsel for Chicago Title Insurance Company, New York, NY, where he has primary responsibility for complex commercial transactions in New York City, including structuring, underwriting and coordination. Prior to joining Chicago Title, Mr. Hurwitz was a partner at Weil, Gotshal & Manges, LLP, New York, NY. Mr. Hurwitz has had extensive experience in all aspects of commercial real estate, with a particular emphasis on mortgage loan originations, portfolio acquisitions, debt restructurings, sale-leasebacks, lease-backed financings, loan syndications and securitizations. Mr. Hurwitz is a frequent lecturer and author on real estate-related matters, including “Real Estate for the Corporate Counsellor”, published in the fourth edition of The Corporate Counsellor’s Desk Book (Prentice Hall Law & Business 1992). Contributor to the New York Law Journal, Commercial Leasing Law & Strategy, Shopping Center Legal Update and the Metropolitan Corporate Counsel. Chairman of PLI’s annual 2-day seminar for real estate attorneys, titled “The Commercial Real Estate Institute”. Mr. Hurwitz is a Fellow of the American College of Real Estate Lawyers. Member of the New York State Bar Association, Association of the Bar of the City of New York and Title Insurance Rate Service Association (TIRSA) – Law and Forms Committee. Mr. Hurwitz may be contacted at 212-880-1205 or

Jacqueline Marcus has concentrated her practice in business reorganizations, securitizations and secured transactions since joining the Firm in 1982. She has represented both creditors and debtors in a wide variety of restructuring and bankruptcy matters.

Ms. Marcus has an active debtor practice and is one of the lead attorneys representing Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. and its affiliates in its bankruptcy proceedings. She was one of the lead attorneys representing Extended Stay Inc. and its affiliates in its chapter 11 restructuring. Ms. Marcus also played a key role representing creditors in the chapter 11 cases of Black Diamond Mining Company, Tropicana Entertainment LLC, Epic Resorts, LLC and Food Barn Stores, Inc., as well as in many out-of-court restructurings. She works closely with members of Weil's Structured Finance practice.

In October 2010, Ms. Marcus was featured as AmLaw Daily’s “Dealmaker of the Week” for her representation of Extended Stay. Ms. Marcus is highly ranked in the field of Bankruptcy/Restructuring by Chambers USA. Ms. Marcus has contributed to publications and seminar materials on various restructuring topics.


New York University (J.D., 1982)
University of Pennsylvania (B.A., 1979)

Kevin C. Jones is General Counsel for Resorts World Casino New York City and Deputy General Counsel for Genting Americas Inc., each of which are divisions of the Genting Group (“Genting”).  He is also Secretary of Resorts World Casino New York City.  Genting is a $45 billion dollar company employing more than 50,000 people worldwide.  Resorts World Casino New York City is the highest grossing slot venue in the entire United States, attracting over 12 million visitors a year and generating over $930 million in New York State revenue within its first two years, $600 million of which has gone directly to the State’s education fund.  Mr. Jones has responsibility for all legal affairs relating to the New York State investments of the Genting and provides legal support for the company’s multi-billion dollar investments in places such as Las Vegas, Miami and the Bahamas.  Prior to accepting his current position with Genting, Mr. Jones practiced law in the Wall Street area office of Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, where he worked on a broad range of general corporate and real estate transactions valued at over $30 billion dollars.  Mr. Jones has a Master’s of Theological Studies Degree from Boston University’s School of Theology (2007), a Juris Doctorate Degree from Harvard Law School (2006), a dual Master’s of Public Affairs Degree and Master’s of Urban and Regional Planning Degree from Princeton University (2002), and a Bachelor’s of Political Science Degree from Clark Atlanta University (1998).  Mr. Jones and his wife of 14 years (SuGinia Sears-Jones) have three daughters, and they live in Brooklyn, New York, where they attend Bethany United Methodist Church.

Frank Carroll is Regional Counsel for Fidelity National Title Group, and is the senior title insurance underwriter of New York and Connecticut for Chicago Title Insurance Company, Fidelity National Title Insurance Company, and Commonwealth Land Title Insurance Company. He is a graduate of LeMoyne College, Syracuse, New York, attended the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Law, and has been admitted to practice in New York since 1981. He has worked in the title insurance industry since 1986, and served a three-year term as President of TIRSA, the title insurance rating bureau for New York State (2008-2012).  He is a member of the New York State Bar Association (Real Property Section; Attorney Professionalism Committee; and Special Committee on Law Practice Continuity) and the Bar Association of Erie County (Real Property Committee; Banking Law Committee; CLE Advisory Committee; and Chair of the Professional Continuity Committee).  He is a past president of the Erie County Bar Foundation, and he is still active in Foundation affairs. He resides in Buffalo, New York with his wife, Cornelia Farley, an attorney.

Jessica S. Hoppe is Senior Vice President of Government Affairs and General Counsel of Genting Americas, Inc. Ms. Hoppe is responsible for U.S. legal affairs and oversees communication and advocacy efforts for Genting Americas. She has also served as General Counsel and Secretary of Resorts World Casino New York City since October of 2010. Prior to accepting her current position with Genting, Ms. Hoppe practiced law in the New York office of Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP (“Cleary”).  Ms. Hoppe was a key member of the legal team which prepared and submitted Resorts World Casino New York City’s bid proposal for the license to operate a casino at the Aqueduct Racetrack in New York.  Ms. Hoppe graduated cum laude from Tulane University School of Law in 2004 and the University of Michigan in 2001.