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Maintaining Employment and HR Information System Data Flows from Europe to the U.S. after Schrems

Speaker(s): Donald C. Dowling, Jr., Etienne Drouard, Friederike Gräfin von Brühl
Recorded on: Nov. 16, 2015
PLI Program #: 165434

Donald C. Dowling has extensive experience advising U.S.-based companies on outbound international labor and employment laws. Don provides counsel on a wide variety of global employment law matters, including codes of conduct and HR policies that guide operations in multiple jurisdictions, international compensation and benefits issues, whistleblower hotlines, and cross-border internal investigations and HR compliance audits. He regularly advises clients on employment matters that arise with international restructurings, reductions in force, mergers, acquisitions, and outsourcing. Additionally, Don helps clients properly engage independent contractors overseas, manage expatriate programs, and develop employment agreements and employee handbooks.

Earlier in his career, Don served as in-house international employment counsel for a Fortune 500 company in Paris and as an employment law consultant for a global consulting firm. He has delivered hundreds of presentations on international employment law issues in English and Spanish in countries around the world, and regularly publishes articles and teaches courses on a variety of global employment law topics.

Professional & Community Affiliations

Member, Advisory Board
New York University School of Law’s Center for Labor & Employment Law

Former Chair
Cross-Border HR Group


Named, America's Leading Lawyers for Business
Chambers USA 2017

Named, Legal 500
US Labor & Employment, Workplace and Employment Counseling

Named, Super Lawyer
New York
Super Lawyers

Named, Attorneys Who Matter
Ethisphere Institute

Named, Leading International Labor/Employment Lawyer
PLC Which Lawyer?

Order of the Coif


  • J.D., Levin College of Law at University of Florida, 1985
  • A.B., University of Chicago, 1982


  • Spanish

Bar Admission

New York


  • U.S. Court of Appeals, 6th Circuit
  • U.S. District Court, Southern District of Ohio

Etienne Drouard, partner in the Paris office, focuses his practice on intellectual property, information technology, online services and data protection. He has extensive experience in mergers and acquisitions; commercial transactions and regulatory proceedings involving IP/IT issues; online services, advertising and marketing; consumer protection; technology and outsourcing agreements; digital signature; whistleblowing, cyberwatch and cybercrime.

Mr. Drouard also assists companies and public bodies in litigation and regulatory matters at French, European and international levels on counterfeiting, Internet liability, e-discovery, export control, defamation and online reputation, internal and external fraud, antitrust and unfair competition.

Professional Background

Mr. Drouard was an associate for seven years at one of the largest French law firms, and more than three years at the Paris office of a U.S. firm, where he managed a team focused on all aspects of IP/IT law. Prior to that, he was a public officer at the CNIL (French Data Protection Authority) for three years, where he gained experience in personal data management and health services (clinical trials), as well as in banking and regulatory compliance issues (SOX, discovery, etc.).

He previously worked with the U.S. National Security Agency on electronic networks surveillance and was appointed as an expert by the European Commission during "Safe Harbor" negotiations with the U.S. Department of Commerce in 2000.


  • Fellow, Eisenhower Fellowship Multi-Nation Program, 2006

Professional/Civic Activities

  • President, French Association of the Eisenhower Fellowship –
  • Participant, U.S. Department of State, International Visitors Leadership Program (E-business, 2003), member of the alumni network –
  • Current Chair, Legal Commission of the GESTE (French Online service providers association) -
  • Head, Legal Commission of the French Association of Call Centers (AFRC) –
  • Member, Executive Board of the Renaissance Numérique Think Tank. –
  • Member of the French Association of Data Protection Officer –
  • Instructor, National Institute of Higher Learning on Security and Justice –
  • Former Instructor, École Nationale de la Magistrature – National Judge School
  • Former Instructor, Institut Régional d’Administration de Nantes – Regional Administration School

Did the ECJ Kill the Safe Harbor Framework on E.U.-U.S. Data Transfers?
Public Policy & Law Alert
6 October 2015

European Commission Publishes Strategy on the Digital Single Market
Public Policy and Law Alert
2 June 2015

Staking Their Claims to ‘Je Suis Charlie’: The French trademark office rejected a registration bid, but other jurisdictions are more permissive
The National Law Journal
9 February 2015

Navigating the Privacy Law Landscape - US and Europe
21 January 2015

Cyber Risk and Global Security Issues: Is Your Business Fully Prepared
2 October 2014

Creation of a new industrial property right in France: the "geographical indication of industrial and handicraft products"
IP Procurement and Portfolio Management Alert
4 June 2014?

Primary Practice

IP Procurement and Portfolio Management

Secondary Practices

Advertising & Marketing
Antitrust, Competition & Trade Regulation
Commercial Transactions and Outsourcing
Cyber Law and Cybersecurity
European Regulatory / UK Regulatory
Global Government Solutions
Privacy, Data Protection and Information Management
Telecom, Media and Technology


D.E.S.S., University of Burgundy, 1994, (International Business Law)


Bar of Paris


  • English
  • French

Friederike Gräfin von Brühl is a partner in the Telecom, Media and Technology practice group of the firm’s Berlin office with a special focus on IP/IT law. Her experience in intellectual property law covers all aspects of copyright, trademark, and competition law. The core areas of her practice are art law, complex licensing agreements, and data protection law.

Professional Background

Before joining K&L Gates in November 2008, Friederike worked in the Hamburg office of another international law firm, where she also focused on IP, copyright, media, and art law. She was admitted to the bar in 2006 and is an accredited “Specialist Lawyer for Copyright and Media Law” (Fachanwältin für Urheber- und Medienrecht). She regularly publishes in professional journals and is lecturer for copyright and art law at the Freie Universität Berlin.

Professional/Civic Activities

Friederike is a member of GRUR, IFKUR, CAA, Tönissteiner Kreis and Freunde der Nationalgalerie. She is also on the board of trustees of the foundation “Stiftung Federkiel”. She is an alumna of the “Scholarship of the German Nation” (Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes), where she was a member both during her graduate studies and her doctoral thesis.

Additional Information
  • Germany Chapter, in: The Art Collecting Legal Handbook, B. Boesch / M. Sterpi (eds.), ThomsonReuters 2013, pp. 119-130
  • „Cyberbedrohungen: Rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen und praktische Lösungen“ (Cyber threats: Legal framework and practical solutions), in: Der IT-Rechtsberater 2013, pp. 260-263
  • “Sorgfaltspflichten von Kunstauktionshäusern” (Due diligence of auction houses), in: Kunst und Recht, Tagungsband zur Basler Kunstrechtstagung vom 15. Juni 2012 (Art and Law, Art Law Conference in Basel, June 15, 2012), ed. B. Schönenberger / P. Mosimann, Basel 2012 (to be published shortly)
  • “Wie es Euch gefällt? Zum Antagonismus zwischen Urheberrecht und Eigentümerinteressen” (As you like it? On the Antagonism between Copyright and Ownership Interests), in: GRUR 2012, pp. 126-133 (together with L. Elmenhorst)
  • “Nach dem Urteil” (After the judgement), in: Weltkunst, Nr. 11/2011, p. 104
  • “Sorgfaltsstandards im Kunsthandel: Vertrauen ist gut, Kontrolle ist besser” (Due Diligence Standards in the Art Market: Trust is good, control is better), in: Artnet, 21. Juni 2011
  • “Kein Zugang zur Art Basel – eine kartellrechtliche Anmerkung” (No access to Art Basel – a comment under anti-trust law), in: KUR 2011, pp. 110-112 (together with L. Elmenhorst)
  • “Rechtsschutz durch die europäischen Gerichte“ / “Rechtsschutz durch die deutschen Gerichte” (Legal Protection under European Courts / Legal Protection under German Courts), in: Zivilrecht unter europäischem Einfluss, ed. M. Gebauer / T. Wiedmann, 2nd edition, Stuttgart-München 2010, pp. 2335-2379 (together with S. Wienhues)
  • “Der Begriff der Echtheit von Kunstwerken im Zivil- und Strafrecht” (The Authenticity of Works of Art under Private and Criminal Law), in: Kulturgüterschutz – Kunstrecht – Kulturrecht: Festschrift für Kurt Siehr, ed. K. Odendahl / P. J. Weber, Baden-Baden 2010, pp. 303-312
  • “Kunstexperten in Justitias Armen” (Art Experts in the Arms of Justitia), in: Handelsblatt, 4./5.12.2010, pp. 82-83
  • “Der Hundekorb im Museum – Leihverträge zwischen Museum und Sammler
    (The Dog Basket in the Museum – Loan Agreements between Museums and Collectors), in: ArtValue, no. 7, vol. 4, 2010, pp. 59-61
  • “Auslandsverlagerung und Käuferumlage - Wie der Kunsthandel die deutsche Folgerechtsabgabe vermeidet” (Shifting abroad or to the clients - Art Dealer's Strategies to Avoid the German droit de suite), GRUR 2009, pp. 1118-1122
  • “Kunstexpertisen als Machtfaktor – die Position des Außenstehenden” (Art Authentication as a Matter of Market Power – the Position of the Outsider), in: ed. Weller/Kemle/Lynen, Volume on the occasion of the 2nd Heidelberger Kunstrechtstag, Nomos Baden-Baden 2009, pp. 179-194
  • “Marktmacht von Kunstexperten als Rechtsproblem” (Market Power of Art Experts from the Legal Perspective), Carl Heymanns, Cologne et al. 2008
  • “Große Münze oder kleine Münze? Zum Abbildungsschutz bei Münzen und Medaillen” (Big or Small Coin? Picture Rights of Coins and Medals) , in: KUR 2008, pp. 120-124
  • “Le pouvoir de l’expert face au droit de la concurrence” (The Influence of Experts from the Perspective of Antitrust Law), in : L’expertise et l’authentification des œuvres d’art, Etudes en droit de l’art, Vol. 19, ed. Marc-André Renold / Pierre Gabus / Jacques de Werra, Schulthess Zürich 2007, pp. 135-147
  • “Der Abkauf von Wettbewerb aus Kartellrechtssicht” (The Purchase of Competition in the Context of Antitrust Law), in: WuW issue 1/2007, pp. 18-25 (together with T. Mäger)
  • “Die Schweiz und die Raubkunst” (Switzerland and Looted Art), in: OSTEUROPA, 56th volume, issue 1/2006, pp. 341-353 (together with T. Giovannini, M.-A. Renold, C. Olsburgh)
  • “Die Fusion von Stiftungen” (The Merger of Foundations), in: Stiftung & Sponsoring, supplement “Die Roten Seiten”, issue 3/2005 (together with C.-H. Heuer)

Primary Practic

Technology Transactions

Secondary Practices

Cyber Law and Cybersecurity
Fine Art and Cultural Property
Private Clients, Trusts and Estates
Telecom, Media and Technology


  • Dr. iur., University of Lausanne, 2007, (Doctoral Thesis)
  • Second Legal State Exam, Frankfurt a.M., 2005
  • M.A., University of Freiburg, 2004, (Art History)
  • First Legal State Exam, University of Bonn, 2003


  • English
  • French
  • German
  • Italian