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DOL Update: Compliance with the Fiduciary Rule, Other DOL Initiatives, and Recent DOL Enforcement Activities

Speaker(s): Michael N. Khalil, Theresa S. Gee
Recorded on: May. 25, 2016
PLI Program #: 180412

Michael Khalil is Vice Chair of the firm's Employee Benefits Department. Mr. Khalil's practice focuses on the litigation of claims arising under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in federal trial and appellate courts. Mr. Khalil has represented plan sponsors, administrators, participants and service providers in complex ERISA actions, including revenue-sharing and stock-drop class actions. Mr. Khalil has particular experience in litigating breach of fiduciary duty claims and plan termination cases against the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation under Title IV of ERISA. Beyond his ERISA litigation experience, Mr. Khalil has significant experience advising clients on civil litigation against the U.S. government, including Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) actions and discovery disputes. Mr. Khalil also advises employers and insurers on a wide variety of issues related to the implementation of the ACA.

Mr. Khalil is a frequent author and speaker on a variety of topics in his practice areas, with particular emphasis on pension plan termination and the legal issues arising from the implementation of the ACA. Mr. Khalil is also a member of the firm's Diversity Committee.

Prior to joining Miller & Chevalier, Mr. Khalil was an Associate in the litigation practice of Sutherland Asbill & Brennan, LLP, where he worked on a broad range of commercial litigation matters.

Representative Engagements

  • Pa. Chiropractic Ass'n v. Independence Hosp. Indem. Plan, Inc. (7th Cir. No. 14-2322) (Part of legal team representing defendant health insurer in appeal before Seventh Circuit, obtaining a reversal of trial court's novel holding that an in-network healthcare provider qualified as an ERISA beneficiary with standing to sue under § 502 of ERISA. See Pa. Chiropractic Ass'n v. Indep. Hosp. Indem. Plan, Inc., 802 F.3d 926 (7th Cir. 2015)).
  • DB Healthcare, LLC, et al. v. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Arizona, appeal pending (9th Cir. 14-16518) (Part of legal team representing defendant health insurer in lawsuit filed by various healthcare providers alleging claims under ERISA and the ACA. The district court granted the defendant's motion to dismiss, see DB Healthcare, LLC v. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Ariz. Inc., 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 93170 (D. Ariz. July 8, 2014), and the case is now on appeal before the Ninth Circuit).
  • Black, et al. v. PBGC, et al. (E.D. Mich. No. 2:09-cv-13616) (Ongoing representation of retiree association in lawsuit against the PBGC, alleging that the PBGC's termination of the Delphi Salaried Plan in 2009 violated Title IV of ERISA).
  • Lewis v. PBGC, Case 14-3838 (D.D.C. No. 1:15-cv-01328 ) (Ongoing representation of retired Delta Airlines pilots against the PBGC, challenging the PBGC actions as Plan trustee).
  • In re Payment Card Interchange Fee and Merchant Discount Antitrust Litig. (2d Cir. Case No. 12-4671) (Part of legal team representing large group of health insurers in appeal of district court's Rule 23(b)(2) class certification and settlement of antitrust class action, with our objection highlighting specific concerns of settlement to insurance companies in light of their coverage obligations under the ACA).
  • Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan v. Hi-Lex Controls, Inc. (Supreme Court Case No. 14-168) (Part of legal team representing various trade organizations arguing that the Court should grant certiorari in the case to address uncertainty created by the Sixth Circuit's decision for liability for third-party administrators of ERISA plans).

Rankings and Recognition
  • Washington, D.C. Super Lawyers®: Rising Star, Employee Benefits, 2014 - 2015

Bar Admissions
  • District of Columbia
  • Maryland

Court Admissions
  • United States Supreme Court
  • United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
  • United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
  • United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
  • United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
  • United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
  • United States District Court for the District of Columbia
  • United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan


  • J.D., The University of Michigan Law School, cum laude, 2005
  • B.A., Gettysburg College, 1997

Practice Areas

Theresa (Tess) S. Gee is a member in the Washington, D.C. office of Miller & Chevalier Chartered and former Chair of the firm’s Employee Benefits Department. Ms. Gee litigates and advises clients on a broad range of ERISA matters, with a particular focus on fiduciary issues. She also counsels clients in responding to regulatory investigations and on ERISA compliance, as well as issues related to fiduciary process and structure and prohibited transactions. With a B.A. in American History from the University of California, Berkeley, and a J.D. from the University of California, Hastings College of the Law, Ms. Gee served in the U.S. Department of Labor’s Regional Office of the Solicitor in Region IX working with the regional Employee Benefits Security Administration to enforce ERISA in the western states. She subsequently served in the National Office of the Solicitor, Plan Benefits Security Division, as Deputy Associate Solicitor enforcing ERISA at a national level.