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Supreme Court Weighs in on Insider Trading: Salman v. United States


Speaker(s): Alexandra A.E. Shapiro, David I. Miller, Kenneth I. Schacter
Recorded on: Mar. 20, 2017
PLI Program #: 210896

Alexandra Shapiro is a partner and co-founder of Shapiro Arato LLP, a New York litigation boutique.

Alexandra is an experienced trial lawyer and appellate advocate. She has tried many cases and argued numerous appeals in federal and state appellate courts, including Salman v. United States, a major insider trading case in the Supreme Court of the United States. 

Alexandra has won a series of appellate reversals of criminal convictions in significant white collar prosecutions.  Most recently, she procured a new trial for Dean Skelos, the former New York State Senate Majority Leader.  Her victories include appellate judgments of acquittal in three cases (two overturned convictions for insider trading and one reversed a tax shelter fraud conviction), as well as several decisions granting new trials for clients who had been convicted of tax crimes, securities fraud, accounting fraud, public corruption, and obstruction of justice.

Alexandra is currently representing several clients in Second Circuit appeals from insider-trading convictions, including businessman William Walters, former investment banker Sean Stewart, and former SAC portfolio manager Mathew Martoma.

Alexandra has also conducted internal investigations on behalf of corporations, corporate boards, and Audit Committees. She has assisted clients in developing and implementing regulatory compliance programs.  She served as President of the New York Council of Defense Lawyers, a not-for-profit professional association of about 250 experienced lawyers whose principal area of practice is the defense of criminal cases in the federal courts in New York.

Prior to co-founding her firm in 2009, Alexandra was a partner of Latham & Watkins LLP, and before that, an Assistant U.S. Attorney in the Southern District of New York, where she also served as Deputy Chief Appellate Attorney.  She clerked for Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg of the Supreme Court of the U.S. and for Judge Stephen F. Williams of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, and served as an attorney-adviser in the Office of Legal Counsel of the U.S. Department of Justice.

Alexandra received her J.D. from Columbia University School of Law; she graduated first in her class and was an articles editor of the Columbia Law Review. She received her B.A. from Williams College, graduating magna cum laude and with Honors in History.


Kenneth I. Schacter is an experienced trial lawyer who handles a broad range of civil and white collar criminal matters. His practice emphasizes securities litigation; complex criminal, antitrust and civil RICO matters; SEC proceedings; intellectual property litigation; and other business litigation. Ken has trial experience before juries, judges and arbitration panels throughout the United States. He has tried more than 30 cases to verdict or award and has also argued dozens of appeals.

Ken gained valuable experience as an Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, handling many groundbreaking insider trading cases, including the so-called “Yuppie Five” case and major prosecutions of other corporate insiders. While an Assistant U.S. Attorney, Ken also investigated and prosecuted cases involving financial frauds, tax evasion, official corruption, arms smuggling and terrorism.


An experienced trial lawyer and former federal prosecutor, David I. Miller is a shareholder at Greenberg Traurig and focuses his practice on white-collar criminal defense, government and internal investigations, securities and commodities enforcement, related complex civil litigation, and cryptocurrency, cybersecurity, anti-money laundering, and national security matters. Previously, David served for five years as an Assistant U.S. Attorney in the Southern District of New York (S.D.N.Y.), over half that time as a member of the Securities and Commodities Fraud Task Force. He also served as a terrorism prosecutor with the Department of Justice in Washington, D.C., as a Special Assistant U.S. Attorney in the Eastern District of Virginia, as an Assistant General Counsel for the Central Intelligence Agency, and as a white-collar, securities, and commercial litigation attorney in private practice. Before joining Greenberg Traurig, David was a partner at another global law firm.

David represents a variety of clients – including banks, broker-dealers, hedge funds, private equity funds, investment companies and advisers, public and private companies, cryptocurrency businesses, senior officers, directors, and managers, and other individuals – facing risks of government investigation, criminal, civil, and regulatory enforcement and prosecution, related civil litigation, and in matters requiring complex internal investigations. David regularly assists clients facing insider trading, market manipulation (including spoofing), accounting fraud, valuation fraud, and other securities/commodities and financial fraud issues; Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and Bank Secrecy Act/anti-money laundering compliance concerns; and issues implicating cryptocurrency, cybersecurity, forfeiture, and national security matters. To this end, David represents clients before federal and state courts, the Department of Justice, US Attorney's Offices, Securities and Exchange Commission, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, self-regulatory organizations, state attorneys general offices, and other regulators and enforcement authorities.

As an experienced trial and appellate litigator with more than two decades of white-collar criminal and financial litigation experience (as both a federal prosecutor and defense lawyer), David represents clients at all stages of litigation through trial and appeal. David has conducted 10 jury and bench trials, several of which were multi-defendant trials, including securities and accounting fraud trials, with guilty verdicts secured for nearly all defendants on all counts. As an appellate advocate, David has briefed and argued several appeals before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. The Legal 500 US notes that David has been praised by industry insiders for his “sharp mind, strategic thinking and client-focused advice.” He has been recognized as a New York Super Lawyer in the area of white-collar criminal defense, as a “key lawyer” in Greenberg Traurig’s white collar/corporate investigations and blockchain/fintech practices by The Legal 500, and as a “Future Leader" by Who’s Who Legal.

As an Assistant U.S. Attorney in S.D.N.Y.’s Securities and Commodities Fraud Task Force, David was responsible for investigating and prosecuting a wide range of high-profile securities and commodities fraud offenses, including insider trading, investment adviser fraud, offering fraud, accounting fraud, options backdating, market manipulation, reverse mergers, credit default swap schemes, hedge fund improprieties, and Ponzi schemes. David handled multiple insider trading matters and was part of a team of prosecutors leading the government’s investigation and prosecution of Operation Perfect Hedge, which resulted in the conviction of more than 80 individuals for insider trading offenses since 2009. As part of his duties, he worked closely with, and coordinated parallel civil enforcement proceedings with, the SEC, CFTC, FINRA, and other regulatory agencies. While David was an Assistant U.S. Attorney, he also prosecuted numerous other criminal offenses, including bank, mail, wire, health care, and tax fraud; credit card fraud and identity theft; money laundering; obstruction of justice and false statements; terrorism offenses; export control violations; and narcotics, firearms, and robbery offenses. Additionally, he has experience with asset forfeiture issues, having litigated several criminal and civil forfeiture proceedings.

David previously served as a terrorism prosecutor with the DOJ’s Counterterrorism Section in Washington, D.C., where he investigated and prosecuted several high-profile terrorism-related cases through trial. He also served as a Special Assistant U.S. Attorney in the Eastern District of Virginia, where he investigated and prosecuted white-collar, firearms, narcotics, and gang-related offenses through trial.

David’s career includes his time as an Assistant General Counsel for the Central Intelligence Agency, where he litigated and prosecuted cases on the CIA’s behalf (including classified and state secrets matters); was the assigned CIA representative to the prosecution team in United States v. I. Lewis (“Scooter”) Libby (D.D.C.); regularly advised senior CIA officials; and represented the CIA at high-level, interagency meetings implicating sensitive national security issues.  Before joining government service in 2005, David spent six-and-a-half years as a securities, complex commercial, and bet-the-company litigator with two large law firms in New York.

David has been recognized for his public service with Department of Justice and Central Intelligence Agency awards, has been selected to the New York “Super Lawyers” list from 2015 through the present, is regularly quoted in the news media, and often appears on television news programs providing expert opinion. David is also a technical advisor for a popular television drama series.