U.S. Supreme Court
J.D., cum laude, Cornell Law School, 1975
M.A., Columbia University, 1969
B.A., University of Michigan, 1967
Jacquelyn Kasulis joined the United States Attorney’s Office in the Eastern District of New York in January 2008, and was appointed Acting Chief of the Criminal Division in March 2019, and Chief of the Criminal Division in June 2019. After holding various supervisory positions, she was appointed Chief of the Business and Securities Fraud Section in April 2017. She has investigated and prosecuted a wide variety of criminal matters, including market manipulation, fraud involving publicly-traded companies, investment adviser fraud, tax crimes, money laundering and violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the Bank Secrecy Act.
During her time in the Office, Jacquelyn has worked on significant white collar cases. For example, Jacquelyn was the lead prosecutor in United States v. Martin Shkreli, in which Martin Shkreli was convicted in August 2017 of multiple counts of securities fraud relating to two separate hedge funds that he managed, and securities fraud conspiracy in relation to his attempt to control the price and trading volume of the shares of a publicly-traded company. Jacquelyn also led the Office’s investigation and prosecution in United States v. Low Taek Jho, et al. and United States v. Leissner, in which two former bankers and a wealthy Malaysian financier were charged for their participation in a multi-billion dollar money laundering and bribery conspiracy related to 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB), Malaysia’s investment development fund. Jacquelyn also led the investigation and prosecution in United States v. Bandfield, et al., in which nine defendants and six Belize-based corporations, including three brokerage firms, were charged for their involvement in an elaborate offshore securities fraud, money laundering and tax evasion scheme. As part of that scheme, the defendants laundered approximately $250 million for their corrupt clients, who included more than 100 U.S. citizens and residents. Additionally, Jacquelyn participated in the investigation and prosecution of nine corrupt brokers and promoters who were involved in a $131 million stock manipulation scheme related to ForceField Energy Inc., a publicly-traded company whose common stock was listed on the NASDAQ.
Jacquelyn is also currently supervising Eastern District of New York prosecutors in United States v. Odebrecht and United States v. Braskem, collectively one of the largest foreign bribery cases in history, and United States v. Société Générale, an $860 million resolution of bribery and LIBOR manipulation charges. Prior to joining the United States Attorney’s Office, Jacquelyn was an associate in the Litigation Department of Kirkland & Ellis LLP in New York. She graduated with honors from Columbia Law School in 2003.
Jennifer Thorpe-Moscon, PhD, is a researcher and expert in the leadership behaviors and organizational practices that contribute to or inhibit inclusion. As Panel Manager, she develops and expands Catalyst’s research panels globally as a part of the effort to extend progress for women and business around the world. As Senior Director of Research, she co-leads Catalyst’s research on Gender, Race, and Ethnicity to ensure that workplaces are inclusive for all women, and works directly with companies to help them identify practices that can drive such inclusion. She also serves as a resource for participant outreach and analytics.
Prior to joining Catalyst, Jennifer worked as a biostatistician at Mount Sinai as well as an instructor of master’s-level statistics at New York University. She has led several research labs of up to 13 researchers in both corporate and academic settings. Additionally, she authored the book How Geek Girls Will Rule the World (2013).
Jennifer received her PhD in social psychology from New York University. She earned a BA in both Psychology, with honors, and Computer Science from Columbia University, where she graduated magna cum laude.
Joan McKown has more than 30 years of experience in Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) enforcement and financial regulatory matters including investigations, exams, internal investigations, and disputes throughout the United States. She has in-depth knowledge of investigatory issues relating to financial fraud, corporate disclosure, corporate governance, accounting, compliance, private equity, FCPA, broker dealer, investment adviser, investment companies, and insider trading. Joan represents corporations, and financial services firms, and their officers, directors, and employees, counseling them to avoid regulatory scrutiny, and when necessary, resolving matters on the best terms possible.
Prior to joining Jones Day in 2010, Joan was the longest serving chief counsel in the Division of Enforcement at the SEC, where she played a key role in establishing enforcement policies and worked closely with Commission and senior SEC staff. Joan literally wrote the book on SEC enforcement when she oversaw creation of the first version of the SEC Enforcement Manual. As chief counsel, she led hundreds of Wells meetings and settlement negotiations. At Jones Day, Joan has extensive experience submitting persuasive Wells submissions, having reviewed thousands of such submissions while on the SEC staff.
Joan is the president-elect of the board of trustees of the SEC Historical Society. She also serves on the Executive Committee of the board of trustees of the Legal Aid Society of the District of Columbia. She frequently speaks and writes on SEC enforcement related topics.
Lara Shalov Mehraban is an Associate Director for Enforcement in the New York Office of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, which means that she supervises a staff of approximately 150 attorneys, investigators, accountants and paralegals in the New York Office’s enforcement program. She joined the SEC in 2007 and has served as an Assistant Regional Director, a member of the SEC’s Asset Management Unit, and a senior counsel. Before joining the SEC, she was a litigation associate at for seven years, first at Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP and then at Stillman, Friedman & Shechtman, P.C. Prior to her law firm practice, she served as a law clerk to the Honorable Michael Daly Hawkins on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. She received her J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School and her B.A. from Duke University.
Michele Coleman Mayes is Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary for the New York Public Library (2012 – present). She previously held the position of General Counsel for Allstate Insurance Company (2007-2012) and Pitney Bowes Inc. (2003-2007). Ms. Mayes served on the Presidential Commission on Election Administration from 2013-2014. She was Chair of the Commission on Women in the Profession of the American Bar Association from 2014-2017. In 2015, she became a Fellow of the American College of Governance Counsel. In August 2016, she was elected to the Board of Directors of Gogo Inc. (NASDAQ: GOGO). She is a sought after speaker on the topic of diversity and inclusion.
Paula T. Edgar, Esq., is an attorney and Partner of Inclusion Strategy Solutions LLC, a consulting firm that provides innovative and strategic solutions on organizational diversity efforts, intercultural competence initiatives, sexual harassment prevention and EEO compliance. Paula has worked and consulted in the field of diversity, equity, and inclusion for more than 10 years. Paula speaks and consults on these topics by advising, facilitating workshops, professional development training, and providing keynote speeches. Paula has worked extensively with clients to develop and advance diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) initiatives across sectors. Paula is also an expert in inclusive executive/leadership development, professional and personal branding, networking, social media, and career strategies. Paula has demonstrated leadership in numerous civic organizations and she is the immediate past President of the Metropolitan Black Bar Association (MBBA), New York State’s largest black bar association.
Paula’s professional experiences include serving as the founder and CEO of PGE LLC (a speaking, consulting and executive coaching firm), the inaugural Chief Diversity Officer at New York Law School and as an attorney in the Law Enforcement Division of the New York City Commission on Human Rights.
Paula received her B.A. in Anthropology from the California State University (Fullerton) and her J.D. from the City University of New York School of Law. She was recognized by The Network Journal Magazine as a “40 Under Forty” Achievement Awardee, a Ms. JD “Woman of Inspiration” and a “Rising Star” by A Better Chance.
Theo K. Cheng is an independent, full-time arbitrator and mediator, focusing on commercial, intellectual property (IP), technology, entertainment, and labor/employment disputes. He has conducted over 500 arbitrations and mediations, including business disputes, breach of contract and negligence actions, trade secret theft, employment discrimination claims, wage-and-hour disputes, and IP infringement contentions. Theo has been appointed to the rosters of the American Arbitration Association (AAA), the CPR Institute, Resolute Systems, and the Silicon Valley Arbitration & Mediation Center’s List of the World’s Leading Technology Neutrals. He serves on the AAA’s Council, and he is also the President of the Justice Marie L. Garibaldi American Inn of Court for ADR, the Chair of the New York State Bar Association (NYSBA) Dispute Resolution Section, and the Secretary of the Copyright Society of the U.S.A. He was also inducted into the National Academy of Distinguished Neutrals. The National Law Journal named him a 2017 ADR Champion.
Theo has over 20 years of experience as an IP and general commercial litigator with a focus on trademarks, copyrights, patents, and trade secrets. He has handled a broad array of business disputes and counseled high net-worth individuals and small to middle-market business entities in industries as varied as high-tech, telecommunications, entertainment, consumer products, fashion, food and hospitality, retail, and financial services. In 2007, the National Asian Pacific American Bar Association named him one of the Best Lawyers Under 40.
Theo received his A.B. cum laude in Chemistry and Physics from Harvard University and his J.D. from New York University School of Law, where he served as the editor-in-chief of the Moot Court Board. He was a senior litigator at several prominent national law firms, including Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP, Proskauer Rose LLP, and Loeb & Loeb LLP. He was also a marketing consultant in the brokerage operations of MetLife Insurance Company, where he held Chartered Life Underwriter and Chartered Financial Consultant designations and a Series 7 General Securities Representative registration. Theo began his legal career serving as a law clerk to the Honorable Julio M. Fuentes of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the Honorable Ronald L. Buckwalter of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
Theo frequently writes and speaks on ADR and intellectual property issues. He has a regular column called Resolution Alley in the NYSBA Entertainment, Arts and Sports Law Journal, which addresses the use of ADR in those industries. He also writes the The ADR Mosaic in the Minority Corporate Counsel Association’s Diversity & the Bar Magazine, which addresses ADR and diversity issues.
Elaine H. Mandelbaum is General Counsel of Interactive Brokers LLC and Senior Vice President of IBG LLC, an automated global electronic broker-dealer. In her role, she is responsible for the global legal team of Interactive Brokers. Prior to that, Elaine worked for Citigroup for 21 years, most recently as Head of Litigation and Regulatory Investigations for Citi’s Institutional Clients Group (ICG). Prior to starting at Citigroup, Ms. Mandelbaum was a litigation attorney at the New York office of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue, and previously at Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison.
Elaine is the current President of the SIFMA Compliance & Legal Society, and has served on the SIFMA C&L’s Executive Committee for over a decade. Elaine was previously Vice Chair of the FINRA National Adjudicatory Council, the appellate body for decisions rendered in FINRA disciplinary and membership proceedings. Elaine serves on the Board of Directors of the Legal Action Center and of the National Council of Jewish Women, and was the recipient of the 2015 “Woman Who Dared” Award from the NCJW.
Elaine is a frequent speaker at PLI, SIFMA and other industry conferences on topics relating to complex securities litigation, corporate governance, internal and regulatory investigations and issues relating to women in the securities industry. She is an honors graduate of Yale College and of Harvard Law School.
Sharon Robertson is a Partner at Cohen Milstein and a member of the Antitrust practice group.
Ms. Robertson has been repeatedly recognized for her success in leading complex, multi-district antitrust litigation. In 2018, the American Antitrust Institute honored her with its prestigious “Outstanding Antitrust Litigation Achievement by a Young Lawyer” award for her role in securing one of the largest recoveries by end-payors in a federal generic suppression case in more than a decade. Similarly, The Legal 500 selected her as a “Next Generation Lawyer” (2017 and 2018), an honor bestowed upon only 10 lawyers under 40 years old across the country, who are positioned to become leaders in their respective fields. Likewise, The New York Law Journal recognized her as a Rising Star (2018) – one of only twenty individuals selected to receive this honor. In addition, Benchmark Litigation selected Ms. Robertson for inclusion on its “40 & Under Hot List” (2018) and Law360 named her as one of five “Rising Stars” (2018) in the field of competition law whose “professional accomplishments belie their age”, as did Super Lawyers (2014-2016). Ms. Robertson has also been recognized by Law360 as one of a few female litigators to secure leadership roles in high-profile MDLs, such as In re Lidoderm Antitrust Litigation, (March 16, 2017).
Ms. Robertson is spearheading the firm’s efforts in cutting-edge and industry-defining pay-for-delay pharmaceutical antitrust lawsuits, which allege that the defendant brand manufacturer entered into non-competition agreements with generic manufacturers in order to delay entry of lower-priced generic products. Ms. Robertson also heads up the firm’s generic price-fixing cases, which allege that certain generic drug manufacturers conspired to inflate the prices of generic drug products. These cases come on the heels of a government investigation led by the U.S. Department of Justice alleging similar conduct, which, while ongoing, has already resulted in indictments and guilty pleas.
In addition to leading complex MDLs, Ms. Robertson is an accomplished trial lawyer. She served as a trial team member in two of the largest antitrust cases tried to verdict, including In re Urethanes Antitrust Litigation, where the jury returned a $400 million verdict, which was trebled by the Court, as required by antitrust law, to $1.06 billion, resulting in the largest price-fixing verdict in U.S. history, as well as In re Nexium Antitrust Litigation, the first pharmaceutical antitrust case to go to trial following the Supreme Court’s landmark decision in FTC v. Actavis, 570 U.S. 756 (2013).
Ms. Robertson co-chairs the firm’s Professional Development and Mentoring Committee and serves on the firm’s Diversity Committee. She is also an active member of the Executive Committee for the Antitrust Section of the New York State Bar Association.
While attending law school, Ms. Robertson was an intern in the Litigation Bureau of the Office of the New York State Attorney General and the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Additionally, while in law school, Ms. Robertson was selected as an Alexander Fellow and spent a semester serving as a full-time Judicial Intern to the Hon. Shira A. Scheindlin, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.
Ms. Robertson graduated from State University of New York at Binghamton, magna cum laude with a B.A. in Philosophy, Politics and Law. She earned her J.D. from the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, where she served as Notes Editor of the Cardozo Public Law, Policy and Ethics Journal.
Prior to attending law school, Ms. Robertson worked on the campaign committee of Councilman John Liu, the first Asian American to be elected to New York City’s City Council.
Danielle Foley is an experienced litigator who has represented companies and individuals in a broad spectrum of complex matters, including antitrust, false advertising, unfair competition (both FTC and private litigation), securities, patent infringement, rights of publicity and general business issues. Ms. Foley's practice encompasses all aspects of trial and appellate litigation in federal and state courts, and before arbitration panels. Ms. Foley has also conducted internal investigations and provided antitrust counseling to clients.
Janine Pollack is a partner at Wolf Haldenstein and is a member of the Firm’s Consumer Protection practice. She specializes in complex class actions representing consumers against companies who sell defective products and utilize unfair and deceptive practices to sell their products. Ms. Pollack has recovered millions of dollars on behalf of consumers against numerous worldwide brands.
Ms. Pollack joined Wolf Haldenstein in 2013. She practiced consumer fraud for over 15 years prior to joining the firm.
• Co-Lead Counsel in unfair and deceptive practices complex class actions against Reebok Easy Tone, Sketchers Toning Shoes and Fit Flops recovering over $80 million for consumers.
• Lead Counsel in numerous other class actions involving consumer fraud, including against the make of so-called barefoot running shoes, recovering over $3.75 million for consumers, and against the maker of children’s sippy cups, also achieving a substantial settlement for consumers.
• Served as Lead Trial Counsel obtaining a jury trial verdict against R.J. Reynolds in a wrongful death tobacco case. The verdict withstood an appeal by R.J. Reynolds.
• Lead Trial Counsel in a federal court case against a major mutual fund advisor.
Ms. Pollack serves as an Officer to the National Association of Shareholder & Consumer Attorneys (NASCAT) as Secretary. She also chairs the Women’s Initiative of NASCAT. IN this capacity she organizes events for the female attorney members, including spearheading philanthropic efforts for the benefit of noteworthy charities.
Tara Reinhart focuses on civil litigation and government investigations, with an emphasis on complex antitrust litigation and international cartel probes.
Ms. Reinhart is the former chief trial counsel for the Federal Trade Commission Bureau of Competition. While there, she led FTC trial teams through two preliminary injunction proceedings, and prepared for litigation in many other merger investigations, including RJ Reynolds-Lorillard, Zillow-Trulia, St. Mary’s Hospital-Cabell Hospital and Superior Plus-Canexus, among others. Notably, she led a team to victory in the FTC’s challenge to Staples’ proposed acquisition of Office Depot, one of the FTC’s highest-profile merger litigation successes in over a decade. Most recently, at Skadden, Ms. Reinhart led the Energy Solutions trial team in its defense of the Department of Justice Antitrust Division’s merger challenge in United States v. Energy Solutions, Inc., et al.
In private practice in the government investigations area, Ms. Reinhart has handled criminal and civil investigations by the Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division, the FTC and state attorneys general in many industries. Ms. Reinhart has handled criminal antitrust investigations for companies and individuals in the auto parts, freight forwarding, marine hose, air cargo, industrial chemicals, salt, methionine, vitamins, graphite electrodes, flavorants and stay cable bridges industries.
In the litigation area, Ms. Reinhart has handled many class actions alleging price-fixing for companies such as Hankyu Hanshin Express Co. Ltd., Norfolk Southern Railway Company, Southeastern Freight Lines Inc., Korean Air Lines Co. Ltd., Degussa and others. She has handled a number of class actions alleging monopolization and conspiracy to monopolize in pharmaceuticals, including claims of reverse payments agreements for companies such as Fournier and Valeant Pharmaceuticals International/Medicis Pharmaceutical Corp.
Additionally, Ms. Reinhart advises clients on antitrust compliance matters, including designing compliance programs, training executives and performing compliance audits.
A partner in Lieff Cabraser’s New York office, Wendy Fleishman is a tireless advocate for the injured, from retired NFL players suffering from concussion-induced traumatic brain injuries to women harmed by birth control and other prescription drugs to men and women suffering from the deprivations of defective hip, knee, and other medical implants.
Lauded as an outstanding practitioner by Super Lawyers magazine for over a decade in every year since 2006 and a Fellow of the American Bar Foundation, Wendy is a recognized Top 100 Trial Lawyer in America, President of the American Association for Justice’s Section on Tort, Environmental and Product Liability Litigation, and the New York State Delegate to the AAJ Board of Governors.
Wendy’s 35-plus years of experience fighting for plaintiffs has led to recurrent appointments by Judges across the U.S. to leadership roles in mass tort and complex multidistrict injury litigation cases. She has served in leadership positions in significant multidistrict litigation cases in federal and state courts involving pharmaceutical drugs, medical devices, and personal health products, including a recent appointment to the Plaintiffs Executive Committee in the IVC Filter Injuries Litigation. Wendy’s leadership roles in other cases include the Stryker Rejuvenate and ABG-II Hip Implant Litigation, Zimmer Durom Cup Hip Implant Litigation, Yaz and Yasmin Litigation, DePuy Hip Implant Litigation, Medtronic Sprint Fidelis heart lead, the Guidant cardiac defibrillator, the Ortho Evra Patch litigation, and contaminated contact lens solution litigation against Bausch & Lomb and Abbott Medical Optics.
Wendy devotes a part of her practice to a wide range of individual catastrophic injury cases. Her expertise includes vehicle accidents based on design defects, as well as serious and complicated medical malpractice cases.
Since 2006, Wendy has been named a New York Super Lawyer by Super Lawyers magazine. She is an AV+ rated by Martindale-Hubbell, which indicates she is regarded as preeminently qualified by her peers. She has been named in the top 100 trial lawyers in America. Wendy is a past officer of the New York State Trial Lawyers Association. She is a Fellow of the American Bar Foundation, the New York State Delegate to the Board of Governors of the American Association for Justice, and past President of the American Association for Justice’s Section on Tort, Environmental, and Product Liability Litigation. She currently serves as Vice-Chair of the ABA Torts & Insurance Practices Section Pharmaceutical, Medical Device & Bioscience General Committee.
Heidi Silton is a partner in the firm’s antitrust department and practices primarily in complex business litigation. Heidi represents mainly small and mid-sized businesses in complex litigation involving other businesses and litigates in Minnesota and throughout the United States. She and the firm are regularly appointed lead and co-lead plaintiffs’ class counsel by courts in nationwide antitrust litigation.
For the past several years, Heidi has been named one of Minnesota’s top 50 Women Lawyers, and top 100 Lawyers, by a peer review list of leading Minnesota Lawyers. She currently serves as the Treasurer of The Committee to Support the Antitrust Laws (COSAL) and as a member of the American Antitrust Institute (AAI) Private Enforcement Awards Judging Committee. Heidi is a past chair and emeritus of the Minnesota State Bar Association Antitrust Law Section.
In addition to her litigation practice, Heidi serves as Chair of the firm’s business development committee and is the current Hiring Partner. She is a member of the firm’s Diversity and Inclusion Committee. Heidi believes in the value of mentorship, and works to mentor other women attorneys both inside and outside her firm.
An active volunteer in her community, Heidi serves on the board of Arete Academy and as a Reader/Writer coach for 8th graders in conjunction with Meet Me in the Middle Nonprofit. Heidi has also co-chaired galas to support the Sanneh Foundation, the American Diabetes Association and Second Harvest.
Laura comes to her work as a full-time arbitrator and mediator from a background first as a litigation partner at Jenner & Block and then as Chief Litigation Counsel for AT&T where she also represented AT&T Labs and was responsible for all of AT&T’s arbitrations (including complex insurance matters), IP litigation, and all appeals in complex litigation and employment matters. From 2015-2017, she was the President of the Justice Marie L. Garibaldi ADR Inn of Court, the first ADR Inn in the country. She is also a past Chair of the NJSBA Dispute Resolution Section and a Co-Editor in Chief of the NYSBA’s journal, Dispute Resolution Lawyer. She is the 2014 recipient of the NJSBA’s Boskey Award for the ADR practitioner of the year. She has served as an arbitrator, including as chair, in complex commercial, telecom, biotech, patent and trademark licensing, partnership and development and family business disputes, and in matters involving the sales of businesses and securities claims. She has served as a mediator in over 200 matters including matters involving 100s of millions of dollars and long-running disputes. She is a fellow in the College of Commercial Arbitrators. She was a founding member of the executive committee of the NJ Academy of Arbitrators and Mediators and on the Roster of the National Academy of Distinguished Neutrals. She is on the Silicon Valley Arbitration and Mediation Center List of Leading Technology Neutrals, an arbitrator for the American Arbitration Association and ICDR, for the International Institute for Prevention and Resolution (CPR) on its telecom, E-Discovery Panel, Technology Panel, New Jersey At Large ADR Panel, and Trademark Panels, and for FINRA. She is a hearing officer for National Arbitration and Mediation (NAM), a member of the Global Panel for the Center on Dispute Resolution (CEDR), and a mediator for the Global Mediation Exchange Center. She is CEDR accredited and an IMI Certified mediator. She is a master mediator for the American Arbitration Association. She has spoken and trained widely for the AAA/ICDR conferences, CCA, PLI, ABA Dispute Resolution Section annual meetings, NJSBA, NJAPM, NYSBA, NJICLE. She is listed as only one of three New Jersey mediators in Who’s Who Legal, Mediation (2016-2017). She is an adjunct professor of ADR at Seton Hall Law School and an organizer of the mediation program and training for the NJ Bankruptcy Courts. She mediates for the New Jersey and New York Commercial courts and is a member of the New Jersey Supreme Court’s Committee on Complimentary Dispute Resolution, and its Advisory Committee on Mediator Standards. She has published widely on both arbitration and mediation. She is a co-editor of the CCA’s Guide to Best Practices in Commercial Arbitration (4th Ed. 2017) and co-author of the chapter on Arbitrating Technology Cases: Considerations for Businesspeople and Advocates in Harrie Samaras (Ed.) ADR Advocacy, Strategies, and Practices for Intellectual Property and Technology Cases (ABA 2017). She has published widely on the topic of diversity in ADR. She graduated from Tufts University with a BA and received her JD magna cum laude from Boston University Law School, where she received the Melville Bigelow award for “the greatest promise as a teacher and scholar of the law”. She is a member of the New York and New Jersey Bars.
Mr. Andrichik developed the first full-scale mediation program in the securities industry, and is responsible for expanding FINRA's dispute resolution services internationally. He began his career in 1980 in the Surveillance and Anti-Fraud Divisions of the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (NASD). Between 1985 and 1990, he opened and managed the Midwest Regional Arbitration Office for the NASD. In 1990 he became the Deputy Director of the Arbitration Department, responsible for the operation of the largest dispute resolution forum in the securities industry. He has spoken extensively on securities arbitration and mediation, conducted arbitrator and mediator training seminars around the country, and published several articles on securities dispute resolution. Mr. Andrichik serves on FINRA's Diversity Leadership Council. He earned his degree in Finance from the University of Illinois and his law degree from Loyola University in Chicago.