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Pretrial Practice 2018

Speaker(s): Amy F. Melican, Carolina A. Fornos, David A. Crichlow, Ethan E. Litwin, Hon. Barbara Moses, Hon. Henry B. Pitman (Ret.), Hon. Leda Dunn Wettre, Hon. Peggy Kuo, Jacqueline P. Rubin, John M. Toriello, Jonathan J. Ross, Lauren E. Aguiar, Lucy P. Allen, Mark E. Segall, Marla Alhadeff, Robert S. Fischler, Steven R. Schindler
Recorded on: May. 3, 2018
PLI Program #: 220515

I joined Susman Godfrey in 1994, becoming a partner in 1998. Along with my colleagues at the firm, I specialize in winning trials: both the preparation involved in positioning a case for trial, and the ability to convince the fact finder, be it jury, judge, or arbitration panel, of the merit of my client's case. I am equally adept at representing plaintiffs and defendants, and believe that an active practice for both plaintiffs and defendants makes me a more effective lawyer then one who concentrates solely on the plaintiff's or defendant's side.

In today's world of complex business litigation, clients have become risk- adverse, and more cases settle after extensive pre-trial maneuvers then used to. Why then the need for business litigation trial lawyers? There are two reasons. First, significant, beyond client expectation settlements only happen when the attorney handling the case prepares the case for trial, regardless of any settlement expectations. Only when the case is managed to be tried from the first day forward will these settlements happen. I believe in answering the following question in the first weeks of any engagement: what do I need to prove to obtain the verdict my client desires? How the case is managed from that point on flows from that question. I do not waste time trying to "win" discovery disputes. The only "win" that interests me is having the fact finder find for my client.

My experience is as varied as one would expect from an attorney who focuses on litigating cases, and refuses to specialize in anything but trial advocacy.

Below is a representative sampling of cases I am currently involved in, as well as past results (weighted to the recent past).


The Hotchkiss School (1983)

Georgetown University (B.A. in History & Government, magna cum laude, 1987)

Yale Law School (J.D., 1992)

Judicial Clerkship

Law Clerk to The Honorable Lynn N. Hughes, United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas, 1992-94

Honors and Distinctions

  • Morris Historical Medal for Best Senior Thesis in History, Georgetown
  • Phi Beta Kappa, Georgetown
  • Senior Editor, Yale Law Journal (1991-92)
  • Managing Editor and Student Writing Editor, Yale Journal of International Law (1990-91)
  • Named "Texas Rising Star" (2005) in Texas Monthly magazine.

Professional Memberships and Associations

  • State Bar of New York (admitted 1993)
  • State Bar of Texas (1994)
  • United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (1995)
  • United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (1999)
  • United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (2002)
  • United States Supreme Court (2003)
  • Eastern District of Texas (2006)
  • Northern District of Texas (2003)
  • Southern District of Texas (1995)
  • Eastern and Western Districts of Arkansas (2004)
  • Northern District of Georgia (2004)
  • Eastern District of New York (2007)
  • Southern District of New York (2007)
  • American Bar Association
  • Houston Bar Association
  • Houston Trial Lawyers Association

Amy F. Melican is Vice President, Deputy General Counsel, at Tapestry, Inc., a New York-based house of modern luxury lifestyle brands, which is the parent company of the Coach, kate spade new york and Stuart Weitzman brands.  Tapestry, Inc. is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and employs approximately 19,000 people globally.  Amy oversees litigation in North America for Tapestry.  Her responsibilities also include oversight of employment counseling, contract negotiation, intellectual property and factory social compliance.

Prior to joining Tapestry, Amy was an attorney in the Labor & Employment Department at Proskauer Rose LLP.  She was also an Assistant Corporation Counsel in the New York City Law Department and clerked with the U.S. Court of Appeals for Second Circuit and NYS Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department. 

Barbara Moses was sworn in as a United States Magistrate Judge for the Southern District of New York on December 23, 2015.

Judge Moses graduated from Dartmouth College in 1978, magna cum laude, and from Harvard Law School in 1982, cum laude. Between college and law school she worked as a radio reporter in New England. After receiving her law degree, Judge Moses clerked for Chief Judge Vincent L. McKusick of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court. She then joined the San Francisco office of Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe, where she became a litigation partner in 1990. In 1992, Judge Moses moved to Orrick’s New York office, and in 2002 she joined the New York firm now known as Morvillo, Abramowitz, Grand, Iason & Anello, where she continued to practice in the field of securities and business litigation.

From 2009 through 2011, in addition to her private practice, Judge Moses taught a full-year, first-year course in Lawyering at NYU Law School. From 2011 through 2015 she directed the Constitutional and Civil Rights Litigation Clinic at Seton Hall Law School, where she also taught Professional Responsibility.

Judge Moses has been a director of the New York County Lawyers’ Association since 2007. From 2013 to 2014 she served as NYCLA’s 59th President, and from 2004 to 2006 she chaired the NYCLA Federal Courts Committee, which honored her with the David Y. Hinshaw Award in 2015. Judge Moses is also a member of the American Bar Association, the New York State Bar Association, and the American Law Institute.

Carolina A. Fornos, a Pillsbury Litigation partner and former federal prosecutor, is an experienced trial and appellate attorney whose practice areas include commercial litigation, civil and criminal enforcement matters, and cross-border internal investigations and compliance, including AML and FCPA compliance.

Carolina has extensive experience in all phases of federal investigations and litigation. As a former federal prosecutor in the Southern District of New York, in both the Civil and Criminal Divisions, she spent almost nine years handling a wide range of matters ranging from False Claims Act cases and health care fraud to bribery, bank fraud, tax fraud, and money laundering violations. As a member of the Money Laundering and Asset Forfeiture Unit, Carolina investigated money laundering crimes and potential violations of the Bank Secrecy Act.

Professional Highlights

  • Served in the Office of the White House Counsel from November 2010 to April 2011, vetting candidates for presidential appointments.
  • Frequent contributor to a variety of publications on topics involving white collar defense, AML and regulatory enforcement issues.
  • Recognized by The Legal 500 U.S. in Corporate Investigations & White-Collar Criminal Defense (2017).

Honors & Awards

  • Profiled as a key member of Pillsbury's Latin Lawyer 250-ranked practice in the region.


  • New York


  • Spanish

Ethan E. Litwin has a broad antitrust practice that focuses on complex antitrust litigation, defending civil and criminal government investigations, representing merging parties in international merger control investigations, and antitrust counseling. Throughout the span of his career, he has litigated numerous high-profile cases in state and federal courts, and has represented clients before antitrust regulators in the United States and the European Union. Noted by Chambers USA as “very impressive at strategy”, market sources have commended his ability to “shape the facts to the best benefit of his clients.” Mr. Litwin is regularly called upon to defend companies in cartel investigations, and has deep experience in defending and coordinating the multi-jurisdictional and multi-forum litigations that result from them. In the transactional setting, Mr. Litwin has also guided companies through the global merger control process on their most important transactions, including handling multiple Second Requests in the United States and Phase II investigations in Europe.

Mr. Litwin’s clients reside in jurisdictions across the globe and cover a range of industries, including pharmaceuticals, financial services, electronics, media and entertainment, transportation, agriculture, industrial chemicals, information systems, and insurance.

Mr. Litwin has co-authored and co-edited a number of publications addressing merger review and antitrust issues, including “The Essentials of Merger Review” and “Indirect Purchaser Litigation Handbook,” published by the ABA Sections of International Law and Antitrust Law, respectively, and “International Mergers & Acquisitions: An Introduction” published by Kluwer Law. Mr. Litwin has also been quoted by multiple prominent publications including International Financial Law Review: Competition & Antitrust, Global Competition Review, Law360 and Business Wire. Mr. Litwin has been recommended by The Legal 500 in the Antitrust – Cartel category, and is ranked by Chambers USA as a leading antitrust attorney in the United States. His practice has also been recognized by The Legal 500, Global Competition Review, The Practicing Law Company, Ethisphere, and SuperLawyers.

Prior to joining Dechert, Mr. Litwin served as a partner and the co-chair of the antitrust group at another international law firm.

John M. Toriello is a partner in the Litigation Practice Group of Holland & Knight's New York City office and co-chairs the firm's Insurance Industry Team. Mr. Toriello has extensive experience in jury and nonjury trials, appeals to both federal and state appellate courts and international arbitrations of contract disputes. He represents clients in a wide range of insurance disputes, including prosecution of fiduciary duty claims, fraud claims, coverage claims and broker/intermediary errors-and- omissions claims. He acts in marine, aviation, CGL, satellite, environmental, reinsurance, business interruption and other litigations and arbitrations.

Mr. Toriello has led the representation of aircraft lessors, equipment lessors and other aviation clients in international repossession, bankruptcy, purchase, sale, redelivery and general contract disputes related to, among other things, nonpayment, aircraft and equipment condition, compliance with (FAR)s, escalation clauses and valuation.

Mr. Toriello has led the representation of financial institutions and obligors in connection with the enforcement of loan and other obligations, the pursuit of fraud and fraudulent conveyance claims, the defense of lender-liability claims, judgment enforcement and insurance-coverage disputes. In his general practice, he represents clients on contract and product liability matters involving heavy industrial equipment, manufacturing plants, aircraft, vessels and satellites, as well as counsels sellers and manufacturers of sporting equipment, appliances and food products. Mr. Toriello has also directed judgment-enforcement litigations and been appointed an arbitrator in ICC and private arbitrations. A substantial amount of his practice relates to international transactions.

In addition, Mr. Toriello has delivered papers at meetings for various professional organizations on topics including Asbestos Litigation, Piercing the Corporate Veil, Environmental Risks Faced by Lenders Under United States Law and Resolution of International Insurance Disputes. He has written several articles for the New York Law Journal and Reactions.

While in law school, he served as articles editor for the St. John's Law Review.

Leda Dunn Wettre has been a U.S. Magistrate Judge in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey, Newark Vicinage, since April 2015.  Prior to joining the Bench, she was a partner in the Newark litigation firm Robinson, Wettre & Miller, LLC.  At the firm, she litigated complex commercial cases in both federal and state courts, with emphasis on intellectual property, shareholder disputes, class action defense, and employment law matters.  She also participated actively in court organizations, serving for more than five years on the District Court’s Lawyers Advisory Committee and as President of the Court’s Historical Society. 

Before joining the Robinson firm in 1997, Judge Wettre was a federal law clerk to the Honorable John F. Keenan, U.S.D.J., in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York and was a litigation associate at Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP.  She was Managing Editor of the Fordham Law Review at Fordham Law School, where she received her J.D. in 1993, and continues to participate actively as an alumnus of the school.  She received her Bachelor of Arts degree cum laude from the University of Pennsylvania in 1990.

Lucy P. Allen is Managing Director at NERA Economic Consulting.  At NERA, Ms. Allen directs projects in securities, finance, and the economics of product liability. She has performed valuations of privately-held companies, subsidiaries, and thinly-traded securities, and has assessed liability, materiality, and damages in over 100 securities litigation cases. She has analyzed issues related to subprime lending, ERISA claims, and alleged market manipulation and insider trading including complex financial instruments such as credit derivatives. In the area of tort economics, she has estimated the number and value of claims likely to arise from allegedly defective or harmful products, including asbestos, medical products, and building materials.
Ms. Allen’s recent experience includes expert testimony in the healthcare, banking, information technologies, consumer products, telecommunications, and oil and gas industries.

Ms. Allen has a long history of testifying in high profile cases, including testifying as Halliburton’s expert for the securities class action that went to the Supreme Court twice. She has testified at trials in Federal District Court, Bankruptcy Court, before the American Arbitration Association and the Judicial Arbitration Mediation Service, and in depositions. In the area of finance and securities, she has testified on issues including:

  • Market efficiency, class conflicts, and other issues regarding class certification
  • Loss causation, materiality, and damages
  • Settlement values in securities class action suits
  • Valuation

Before joining NERA, Ms. Allen was a staff economist at the Council of Economic Advisers for both President George H.W. Bush and President Clinton, providing economic analysis on regulation and health care policy issues. Prior to that, she worked as a management consultant for five years, where she formulated marketing, organization, and overall business strategies for clients in a broad range of industries.

Ms. Allen earned an A.B. degree from Stanford University, an M.B.A. with a concentration in finance and accounting from Yale University and M.A. and M.Phil. degrees in Economics also from Yale University.

Magistrate Judge Kuo was appointed on October 9, 2015. She received a B.A. summa cum laude in history from Yale University in 1985 and a J.D. cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1988.

Judge Kuo clerked for the Honorable Judith W. Rogers with the D.C. Court of Appeals. From 1989 until 1993, she served as an Assistant United States Attorney in the District of Columbia. From 1994 to 1998, she was a trial attorney and then Acting Deputy Chief of the Civil Rights Division Criminal Section at the U.S. Department of Justice, where she investigated and prosecuted hate crimes and allegations of police misconduct throughout the United States. From 1998 to 2002, Judge Kuo prosecuted war crimes and crimes against humanity at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands. Her historic trial regarding mass rape in Bosnia became the subject of the documentary film, “I Came To Testify,” part of the series Women, War & Peace.

Upon her return to New York, Judge Kuo became litigation counsel at Wilmer Hale, LLP. In 2005, she was appointed Chief Hearing Officer at the New York Stock Exchange, where she presided over hearings involving violations of federal securities laws. From 2011 until her appointment to the bench, she was Deputy Commissioner and General Counsel of the New York City Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings, the largest municipal tribunal in the country.

Judge Kuo was born in Taiwan and moved to the United States at the age of three. She was awarded a German Chancellor Fellowship by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in 1993 to study the German criminal justice system. She is President of the Federal Bar Council American Inn of Court, an active member of the Asian American Bar Association of New York, and former Vice-Chair of Manhattan Legal Services.

Mark E. Segall, Esq. is nationally recognized as one of the leading experts on the evaluation of litigation risk, settlement strategy and mediation of cases involving financial services and complex commercial disputes. Mr. Segall has mediated and arbitrated hundreds of complex disputes since joining JAMS in 2010. Mr. Segall’s experience ranges broadly in case type. He has vast experience in many areas of law including: employment, securities, financial markets, insurance, real estate and intellectual property. Mr. Segall’s expertise in these areas derives from his two decades of extensive experience managing litigation and handling difficult, high profile financial services matters domestically and worldwide for JPMorgan Chase (JPMC) and its predecessor firms as well as his experience in private practice and at JAMS. Mr. Segall served as JPMC’s Head of Litigation, Senior Vice President, and Associate General Counsel from 2003 until 2010. Litigation matters ran the full gamut from the most high profile securities and antitrust cases to consumer class actions, employment matters, and international litigation and arbitration. He has been an active speaker at industry and litigation conferences and a participant in court-appointed focus groups. 

Mr. Segall is particularly adept at resolving employment disputes involving senior executives. Disputes involve claims of wrongful discharge, claims of discrimination based on race, sex and age, alleged violations of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, claims involving compensation in the form of incentive bonuses, deferred compensation, stock options and restricted stock, other forms of long-term incentive plans, claims involving company-sponsored private equity investments, claims involving the right to benefits and alleged violations of ERISA, and claims involving the enforcement of restrictive covenants.

Mr. Segall is a magna cum laude graduate of both Harvard College and Harvard Law School.  Mr. Segall is on the Board of MFJ Legal Services and has served as Board Chair.  He also served on the Board of Trustees of Westchester Reform Temple.  Mr. Segall is also a past recipient of MFJ’s Matthew G. Leonard Award for Pro Bono Achievement.   While at JPMorgan Chase & Co., Mr. Segall also held the company’s board seat on the Institute for Legal Reform in Washington. 

Robert S. Fischler is a senior counsel in the New York office of Ropes & Gray LLP, where he served for many years as head of the firm-wide litigation department. Bob has extensive experience in all phases of complex commercial litigation and has represented numerous clients in the financial, private equity, retail, and real estate sectors, among others. Bob is a long-time member of the PLI faculty and of the board of directors of Mobilization for Justice.

A partner in the Litigation Department at Paul, Weiss, Jacqui Rubin handles a broad range of complex commercial litigation matters, including antitrust litigations and antitrust and securities class actions, regulatory and internal investigations, bankruptcy litigation and other complex business disputes.

Jacqui has substantial experience in antitrust law. She has represented clients in regulatory investigations arising out of major transactions, multi-defendant direct and indirect purchaser antitrust class actions, and other significant disputes between competitors. Her most recent clients for antitrust matters include Time Warner Cable, Becton Dickinson and Giorgio Foods.

Jacqui also specializes in bankruptcy litigation, having represented bondholder and creditor committees and debtors in numerous chapter 11 cases and contested restructuring transactions. Her recent clients in the bankruptcy and insolvency context include public and private companies in the financial services, metals and mining and oil and gas industries.

Jacqui has experience in other types of complex commercial litigation, including securities, contract disputes and malpractice actions. In addition to her practice in federal and state courts across the country, she has handled domestic and international arbitrations, and internal and regulatory investigations.

Jacqui is very active in the community and in pro bono work. Recently, she handled several cases and appeals on behalf of unaccompanied children seeking to secure lawful permanent residence in the United States. Jacqui is also a member of the Board of Directors of Mobilization for Justice, which offers free legal help to low-income New Yorkers.

Jacqui co-chairs Paul, Weiss’s Professional Responsibility Committee. She was recently recognized by Law360 as one of four “Rising Stars” nationally in the health industry for her work on behalf of pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturing companies. She is also recognized by The Legal 500 US as a leading lawyer in the antitrust area.

David A. Crichlow is engaged in all aspects of trial and appellate practice before federal and state courts as well as administrative agencies and arbitration tribunals.With a focus on complex commercial disputes, Mr. Crichlow has extensive experience in contract, commercial fraud, securities, banking, government contracts and class action litigation, as well as internal corporate investigations.

Representative Matters

  • Representation of the equity committee in the Solutia bankruptcy in its $2 billion lawsuit against Solutia's former parent, asserting that Solutia’s former parent undercapitalized Solutia at its spin-off, fraudulently transferred certain liabilities to Solutia and misrepresented the scope of Solutia's future environmental liabilities in public documents related to the spin-off.
  • Defense of one of the country’s largest automobile finance companies in a class action suit alleging violations of New York’s Motor Vehicle Retail Leasing Act.
  • Defense of a Cayman Island hedge fund against a $324 million preference action brought by the creditors’ committee in the Refco bankruptcy.
  • Representation of one of the country’s largest oil companies in several adversary proceedings brought against the Enron Corporation, or its affiliates, in the Enron bankruptcy, with respect to disputes arising from a pipeline joint venture between the company’s affiliates and Enron’s affiliates.
  • Representation of one of the United States’ largest pension funds in its multimillion-dollar suit against a large commercial real estate developer and several construction contractors for the alleged defective design and construction of a New Jersey commercial retail shopping mall purchased by the pension fund.
  • Class action defense of European financial institutions and Japanese industrial companies in litigation arising out of the atrocities of World War II, including the representation of a Japanese industrial company in a class action filed by American prisoners of war for atrocities allegedly suffered during World War II.
  • Defense of a French commercial bank, a European central bank and a German insurance company in separate class actions alleging the misappropriation of certain assets by the respective financial institutions during, and subsequent to, World War II.
  • Completion of an extensive internal corporate investigation of the allegedly corrupt practices of management of a multinational pharmaceutical company at the behest of an independent committee of the board of directors.
  • Representation of a large domestic public utility company in its petition before the US Supreme Court for a writ of certiorari to review a lower court’s decision on the constitutionality of a FERC ruling.

Hon. Henry Pitman (retired) served as a magistrate judge in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York from 1996 until his retirement in September 2019 and served as chief magistrate judge from 2008 to 2010. During his tenure, Judge Pitman handled thousands of cases for pretrial proceedings, settlement and trial. The cases he handled include multidistrict antitrust litigations, securities fraud actions, countless COGSA cases, class actions brought under the Fair Labor Standards Act involving the misclassification of employees, garden-variety wage and hour disputes, all manner of commercial disputes, construction disputes, employment discrimination cases, ADA and ERISA disputes, trademark and copyright disputes and wrongful death and personal injury cases. Along with the late Hon. Harold Baer, Judge Pitman co-presided over the first two sessions of the Southern District's Re-Entry Court, a program intended to facilitate and assist the re-entry of former offenders into society.

Before his appointment as a magistrate judge, Judge Pitman was in private practice for a total of 12 years and served as an assistant United States attorney in the Criminal Division of the United States Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York for five years. As an assistant United States attorney, he tried 14 cases to verdict and argued six appeals before the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. He also served for more than two years in the securities fraud unit. While in private practice, he handled a variety of civil matters, including trademark counterfeiting, trademark infringement, patent infringement (biotechnology and other technologies), securities fraud, commodities fraud and breach of contract matters. Prior to his appointment as a magistrate judge and while in private practice, Judge Pitman also served on the Southern District's panel of volunteer mediators.

Judge Pitman received his Bachelor of Arts degree, summa cum laude, from Fordham University and his Juris Doctor degree, cum laude, from the Fordham University School of Law where he was a member of the Law Review and the National Moot Court Team.  After law school, Judge Pitman clerked for the late Hon. Lloyd F. MacMahon in the Southern District of New York.

Judge Pitman currently serves as a mediator, arbitrator, special master, referee and neutral evaluator with the New York Office of JAMS.

Lauren E. Aguiar is a Partner in the Complex Litigation and Trials group at Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP, where she represents clients in federal and state court business litigation. Her diverse practice focuses on complex, high-profile cases and trials involving a wide range of  commercial  matters  including  breach  of  contract, M&A, fraud, fiduciary, employment, trust & estate, copyright, false advertising, trade secret, and class action litigation. Ms. Aguiar is the Chairperson of the Skadden Foundation, which runs the Skadden Fellowship Program. She serves on the Board of Directors and the Executive Committee of New York Lawyers for the Public Interest. She also is a member of the Board of Directors and the Executive Committee of Covenant House International, a shelter in the U.S. and Central America for homeless and trafficked youth. She serves on the advisory board of the Access to Justice Lab at Harvard Law School. Ms. Aguiar received her B.A. magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from Connecticut College, and her J.D. from New York University School of Law, where she was the Managing Editor of the Annual Survey of American Law. She is recognized as a stand-out in her field, including as a leading lawyer in general commercial litigation by Chambers USA: America’s Leading Lawyers for Business; Best Lawyers (2018- 2020); Latin America Corporate Counsel Association (as a leading practitioner); Super Lawyers (Top 50 Women Lawyers in NY Metro 2019-2020); and Crain's Notable Women in Law (2021). She is a Fellow in the Litigation Counsel of America (a peer selected group). She speaks and writes frequently on issues related to civil litigation and trial practice, including at the Practicing Law Institute, the New York State Bar Association, and the New York City Bar.

Steven R. Schindler is one of the founding partners of Schindler Cohen & Hochman LLP. Twenty-one years after it was founded, SCH continues to earn its reputation as one of the City’s outstanding litigation and art law boutiques.  As a senior member of the firm’s litigation practice, Steve represents a broad range of clients in state and federal courts and arbitrations throughout the nation, and works closely with foreign law firms in complex transnational litigation.  A passionate advocate of civil and human rights, Steve sits on the Board of New York Lawyers for the Public Interest and is on the New York Committee of Human Rights Watch.  Steve also heads SCH’s Art Law Group.  This practice area, which has grown steadily over the past decade, combines SCH’s formidable litigation expertise with a deep knowledge of the art market and its specific legal issues.  Steve regularly advises art galleries, other art related businesses, collectors, artists, and not-for-profit corporation in the art space on transactional matters, such as the sale and acquisition of art and their relationships with dealers, banks and auction houses, and has litigated cases involving the authenticity, title, provenance and appraisals of art. 

Steve is on the faculty of NYU’s Steinhardt School where he teaches art law.  He is co-president of the board of Artists Space, an organization dedicated to the support of emerging artists.  Steve often speaks on legal and industry sponsored panels relating to current topics in art law, and is the author of articles on art law including, The “Red Flags” Standard: Rationalizing ACA Galleries, Inc. v. Kinney, International Foundation for Art Research Journal, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2016; Buyer Beware: Is There A Duty To Authenticate Art?, International Foundation For Art Research Journal, Vol. 15 Nos. 3 & 4, 2014; Role of Judges in Authenticating Art in United States and Europe, New York Law Journal, Sept. 15, 2014; and, Questioning ‘Cariou’ Rationale On Transformative Fair Use, New York Law Journal, Nov. 19, 2014.  Steve currently is the Chair of the Art Law Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York and the co-host of The Art Law Podcast.