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Artificial Intelligence and Data-Driven Transactions 2021: Navigating Compliance Issues in the Autonomous Realm


Speaker(s): Abigail Hing Wen, Arjun Rangarajan, Carrie M. LeRoy, Elysia Solomon, H. Mark Lyon, Mahlet Getachew, Sarah Crispi, Sarah L. Bruno
Recorded on: Apr. 20, 2021
PLI Program #: 304283

H. Mark Lyon is Chair of the firm’s Artificial Intelligence and Automated Systems Practice Group, and brings nearly three decades of experience as a trial lawyer and trusted corporate legal advisor to companies in a wide range of technology areas.

Mr. Lyon has extensive experience representing and advising clients on the legal, ethical, regulatory, and policy issues arising from emerging technologies like artificial intelligence.  He regularly acts as a strategic advisor to clients in their development of AI-related products and services, their acquisition and sale of technology-related businesses, and in their development of appropriate legal and ethical policies and procedures pertaining to AI-focused business operations. In the rapidly advancing area of automated and autonomous vehicles, Mr. Lyon has guided clients through the numerous hurdles of federal and state regulations and requirements for vehicle testing and deployment, as well as advising and assisting clients in exercising their voice before key agencies and legislative bodies. As a member of the firm’s Privacy, Cyber Security and Consumer Protection practice group, Mr. Lyon brings a global focus to help his clients develop, implement, and audit appropriate policies and procedures to comply with applicable data privacy and cyber security regulations. In addition, as a member of the firm’s Intellectual Property practice, he assists clients in the acquisition, protection and enforcement of strategic intellectual property rights.

When litigation and other disputes arise, Mr. Lyon serves as lead trial and appellate counsel in patent, trade secret, copyright, trademark, privacy, products liability, bankruptcy, and other complex litigation matters. He has successfully led litigation teams in matters involving sophisticated technologies ranging from electronic devices, artificial intelligence and other computer software, wireless telecommunications, and semiconductor products to medical devices and pharmaceuticals. While Mr. Lyon has tried to verdict and won both jury and bench trials, a consistent hallmark has been the strategic use of targeted motion practice to achieve success prior to trial. Indeed, on multiple occasions, the Daily Journal has named Mr. Lyon as a top IP litigator for his handling of high-stakes, high-profile litigation matters.

As a result of his work in AI and AV, he was recently named a “Top Artificial Intelligence Lawyer” by the Daily Journal and a “California Trailblazer” by the Recorder. Mr. Lyon is a frequent author and lecturer on matters relating to artificial intelligence and automation, and is an active member of The IEEE Global Initiative for Ethical Considerations in Artificial Intelligence and Autonomous Systems as well as the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. He is a former co-chair of the Patent Litigation Committee of the Federal Circuit Bar Association.


Abigail Hing Wen is an AI thought leader, international public speaker, and New York Times best selling author. She is a frequent speaker on AI policy and ethics, diversity and leadership and has been profiled in Bloomberg, NBC News, Google Talk, Entertainment Weekly and the World Journal. 

In her career in tech, she has negotiated multibillion dollar deals on Wall Street and in Silicon Valley, worked in venture capital and artificial intelligence, and hosted Intel’s AI Podcast, featuring industry leaders including Andrew Ng, Facebook's Yann LeCun and Jerome Pesenti and US Congresswoman Robin Kelly. She served with The Partnership on AI as co-chair of the Expert Group on Fairness, Transparency and Accountability and currently on its Steering Committee for Transparency of Machine Learning Lifecycles.

She holds a BA in government from Harvard and law degree from Columbia, clerked for the DC Circuit Court of Appeals, and worked at the Senate Judiciary Committee, Gibson Dunn & Crutcher and Sullivan & Cromwell. Her first novel, Loveboat, Taipei, addresses issues of identity and the immigrant experience and is being adapted for film. Her second novel is forthcoming 2022. 

Newsletter: www.abigailhingwen.com

Follow Ins/Twi/LinkedIn: @abigailhingwen


Arjun Rangarajan is currently Software Products Counsel, focusing on supporting AI and Machine Learning technology and teams at Apple. In his current role, he counsels on intellectual property, data licensing, privacy, competition, open source, transactional and other aspects of software products. Additionally, he is involved in Apple’s AIML research, policy and academia efforts.

Prior to Apple, Arjun spent several years in private practice focusing on technology transactions and patent law, most recently at Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP. Between his stints at law firms, he lived in Bangalore for a year, leading patent licensing for Koninklijke Philips in India.

Prior to law school, Arjun worked as a semiconductor engineer for large multinational companies based in the Silicon Valley and San Diego.

Arjun has a JD from UCLA School of Law, a master’s in engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and bachelor’s in engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.


Carrie LeRoy advises clients on a wide range of intellectual property, technology and sourcing transactions, including development and license agreements, patent and other technology license agreements, outsourcing, joint ventures and strategic collaborations.

Clients benefit from Carrie's experience working within a range of sectors, with a particular focus on technology and cross-border transactions. She is Co-Chair of Gibson Dunn’s Technology Transactions Group. Her extensive work for technology companies, including leading semiconductor, social media and information technology companies, involves advising on the intellectual property aspects of a range of complex transactions, including mergers, acquisitions, asset purchase, joint development and intellectual property divestitures. She also advises companies in the electronics, software, electronic storage, telecommunications, e-commerce and financial services sectors. She regularly handles a variety of commercial transactions, including original equipment manufacturer, reseller, distributor, sales representative, services, manufacturing and supply agreements. Another aspect of Carrie's practice includes intellectual property counseling, including with respect to the allocation of intellectual property ownership, protection and monetization of intellectual property rights, open source and data privacy.

Widely recognized as a leader in intellectual property transactions and an innovator in the industry, Carrie has been honored by a number of California's leading legal publications in recent years. In 2017, Carrie earned top ratings for her patent work from Intellectual Asset Management (IAM), the world’s leading intellectual property business media platform. The Daily Journal recognized Carrie as one of its 2016 "California Lawyer Attorneys of the Year" for her cutting-edge work with regard to a highly complex technology transaction valued at $37 billion. That same year, she was also named to The Recorder's list of "Women Leaders in Tech Law." In 2015, she was selected by the Silicon Valley Business Journal as one of its "2015 Women of Influence," and in 2014, The Recorder presented her with an "Innovator Award" for a pro bono program she developed to educate teens on the laws relating to social media and technology usage.

Prior to joining Gibson Dunn, Carrie was a partner at an international law firm. She has also worked in-house with Marvell Semiconductor as a senior intellectual property licensing attorney, where she negotiated and drafted a variety of inbound and outbound technology.


Elysia Solomon is Senior Vice President and Deputy General Counsel at Humana Inc., a Fortune 100 healthcare organization.  She leads the company's Clinical, Privacy and Technology Legal Team advising on IT, Privacy, AI, Cyber-Security, Digital Health, IP, and Clinical Operations.  Elysia partners with the business to transform healthcare through customer-centric and technological approaches.  Prior to her current position, Elysia lead Humana’s Litigation and Internal Investigations Team.  Before joining Humana in 2014, Elysia worked at O’Melveny & Meyers where she represented pharmaceutical, health care, automotive and insurance industry clients in complex litigation matters involving the FCA, product liability, consumer protection, e-discovery, and ERISA.

Elysia’s career has taken her to the Republic of Palau where she was an Assistant Public Defender, to Coral Gables Florida where she taught criminal sentencing and legal research at the University of Miami School of Law, and to Chicago where she was a Staff Attorney for the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. 

In addition to her legal work, Elysia volunteers and has held board positions at visual arts and environmental organizations.  She currently sits on the University of Chicago Law School Council and is a member of the Sedona Conference Working Group on Data Privacy and Security.

Elysia graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Chicago, where she also received her law degree. 


Mahlet Getachew is Managing Director of Corporate Racial Equity & Legal at PolicyLink, the national research and action institute at the forefront of advancing racial and economic equity across the nation. Prior to joining PolicyLink, Mahlet was General Counsel, Head of HR and Business Operations at Suki AI, Inc., the maker of an AI-powered, voice-enabled digital assistant for physicians, where she managed Suki AI’s legal and compliance functions, HR, finance, and business operations. Previous to that, she was Associate General Counsel & Assistant Secretary at GoPro, Inc., the maker of wearable and mountable cameras and accessories, where she Co-Chaired GoPro’s Diversity, Inclusion & Belonging Council and advised the company on corporate matters, M&A, business development; supported the Company’s Board; oversaw US labor and employment matters; and managed a team that supported GoPro’s marketing, sales and inbound commercial transactions. Prior to GoPro, Mahlet was Corporate Counsel at Cadence Design Systems, Inc., a leading provider of EDA and semiconductor IP, where she managed domestic and international mergers and acquisitions. Mahlet started her career as a corporate attorney at an international law firm, where she represented large and small tech companies on a broad range of corporate and commercial matters in the software, internet, renewable energy, media, education, and semiconductor industries. She serves on the Board of Aim High, a nonprofit advancing educational equity and access for Bay Area youth through summer enrichment programs. In addition, she teaches “Know Your Rights” courses to youth involved in the juvenile justice system through the Bay Area nonprofit, Fresh Lifelines for Youth. She holds a B.A. in East Asian Studies from Lewis & Clark College and received her J.D. from the University of Virginia School of Law.


Sarah Crispi is Associate General Counsel for RetailMeNot and oversees all legal matters in the United States.

Sarah has more than 20 years of legal experience across the tech, media, entertainment and retail industries. At RetailMeNot Sarah advises on a wide range of laws and regulations including privacy, intellectual property, consumer protection, compliance and advertising. Prior to RetailMeNot Sarah was Vice President of Legal at L Brands, the parent company of Victoria’s Secret and Bath & Body Works, where she led the intellectual property group and oversaw legal and business affairs matters for the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show, including negotiating streaming and broadcast licenses; production agreements; talent and model contracts; and releases.  Prior to L Brands Sarah worked at Discovery, Inc., the global leader in nonfiction entertainment, where she managed a global portfolio of trademarks, copyrights and patents, managed their privacy program and supported the e-commerce and licensing businesses. Sarah started her career in Washington, DC at the law firm Arent Fox, where she advised clients on privacy, advertising and IP, and drafted and negotiated complex commercial agreements including software licenses, joint ventures, sponsorships and media agreements.  

Sarah earned her J.D. at the University of Miami, and is a Certified Privacy Professional (CIPP/US) and member of IAPP. In her free time Sarah likes to enjoy the Austin scene including tacos, stand-up paddleboarding, craft breweries and vibrant Texas sunsets. 


Sarah is a trusted advisor to companies in the retail, technology, entertainment, gaming, automotive, and association spaces, and counsels her clients on the legal requirements for the development and launch of their platforms, products and services.

Her work involves the cross-section of expertise in the Intellectual Property (IP), privacy and advertising spaces. She is routinely evaluating client products and concepts and developing protection strategies, considering how to collect, use and store any data as a result of the launch, and advising on online and offline marketing tactics.

As product concepts and marketing strategies have become more sophisticated and complex, navigating the legal landscape has become increasingly challenging for any global business. As a member of the firm’s Intellectual Property, Tech and Data group, Sarah partners with her clients to provide practical and efficient counsel to help navigate the patchwork of laws that impact the launch of any new technology, product or platform.

On the privacy side, Sarah counsels in all areas of data security and privacy, including the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), the SHIELD Act, and the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). She drafts and reviews policies and advises on compliance measures; she also prepares and conducts trainings, drafts governance documents, and attends internal meetings to advise on the strategies for collection and using data. On the advertising side, her experience includes reviewing advertisements and claims, advising on unfair and deceptive trade practices, and counseling clients on compliance issues relating to the Federal Trade Commission and the National Advertising Division (NAD) of the Better Business Bureau, as well as state and other regulatory laws. She also argues cases at the NAD. Finally, Sarah advises her clients on the IP protection of their products, and works to develop strategies for protection under trademark, copyright and patent laws both in the U.S. and abroad.

Sarah was ranked by Legal 500 and the Daily Journal for her work involving trademarks. She was also named a Top Cyber Lawyer and a Top Intellectual Property Lawyer in California by the Daily Journal in 2018 and 2019. The Daily Journal has also named her among the Top Women Lawyers in California for her work in advertising, intellectual property, and privacy.

Sarah is a Certified privacy professional (CIPP/US) and a member of IAPP. She is also a Global Board Member for the International Social Media Association (ISMA).