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Online Platforms and Popular Technologies 2021: Legal and Regulatory Responses to Technology Challenges


Speaker(s): Andrew P. Bridges, Antonious Porch, Anupam Chander, Crystal Nwaneri, Daphne Keller, Jeffrey P. Hermes, Jillian C. York, Jordan Gimbel, Konstantinos Komaitis, Ph.D., Laurent Crenshaw, Nora Benavidez, Remy Chavannes, Tony Sebro, Tyler G. Newby
Recorded on: Oct. 25, 2021
PLI Program #: 304319

Andrew Bridges defends innovators and their companies in important battles typically involving new technologies or business models, often when a company’s or an entire industry’s future is at stake.  His practice includes complex litigation, high-stakes counseling, and policy advice in Internet, copyright, trademark, advertising, unfair competition, consumer protection, trade secret, and commercial law matters.

Among his major litigation successes are:

  • Defending Diamond Multimedia in RIAA v. Diamond Multimedia (challenge to MP3 players)
  • Defending Google in Perfect 10 v. Google (Amazon.com)(challenge to search engine)
  • Defending MasterCard in Perfect 10 v. VISA and MasterCard (challenge to payment processing for alleged infringers)
  • Defending ClearPlay in Huntsman v. Soderbergh (challenge to DVD replay filtering software)
  • Enforcing Bare Escentuals’ rights against Intelligent Beauty (trademark and false advertising)
  • Representing Richard O’Dwyer (UK university student) in avoiding extradition from UK and prosecution in US for operating linking site
  • Representing owner of dajaz1.com in recovering domain after seizure by Homeland Security in Operation In Our Sites
  • Defending Fitbit in Fitbug v. Fitbit (challenge to company name and brand)
  • Defending Giganews in Perfect 10 v. Giganews (challenge to Usenet service provider; obtained award of $6.5 million in attorneys’ fees for prevailing defendants)
  • Defending SoundCloud in Average Joe’s Ent’t v. SoundCloud (claims against sound recording platform by music label and publisher)
He received the California State Bar Intellectual Property Section Vanguard Award (private practice category) 2014, and National Law Journal honored him as an IP Trailblazer in 2017.  He received his law degree from Harvard; an M.A and B.A. from University of Oxford (Merton College) in philosophy and ancient history; and a B.A. from Stanford in Greek and Latin.


Antonious Porch is the General Counsel at SoundCloud, the world’s largest open audio platform. In his role, Porch is responsible for the company’s legal affairs and public policy strategy, and the management of its global team of legal experts in content licensing, copyright, data protection and privacy, and corporate matters.

Porch joined SoundCloud from Shazam--a London based mobile entertainment company--where he served as General Counsel. As GC of Shazam, Antonious led the successful acquisition of the company by Apple, which is reportedly the second largest acquisition by Apple in its history.  Additionally, he oversaw the business & legal affairs department in London and NYC that supported Shazam’s Engineering, Product, Music, Advertising Sales, Business Development, HR and Finance teams in key areas including intellectual property, privacy, employment, real estate, litigation and dispute resolution. 

Prior to Shazam, he spent over a decade at global entertainment company Viacom. Antonious oversaw business and legal affairs for the U.S. Digital Media, Ad Sales and Marketing businesses of Nickelodeon, as well as the U.S. and International Consumer Products and Home Entertainment businesses.  He supported the creation, development, production and distribution of Nickelodeon content across major media platforms and product categories.  In addition, Porch designed Nickelodeon’s compliance strategies for Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regulations in the areas of privacy, marketing and advertising on television, mobile and websites.  Later, as Viacom’s Vice President, Senior Counsel of Technology & Kids Compliance, he provided strategic direction and counsel to Viacom and Paramount Pictures on cybersecurity, information technology and privacy. 

Earlier in his career, he held roles at Classic Media (now DreamWorks Classics, part of NBCUniversal), and the law firms of Latham & Watkins and Morrison & Foerster.

A Chicago native, he is a graduate of Yale College and Columbia Law School and also successfully completed a cable executive management program at Harvard Business School. He serves on the board of the IRTS Foundation and lives in New York City.


Crystal Nwaneri is Product Counsel at Google, LLC. Previously, she was a litigation associate at Fenwick & West LLP where she focused on intellectual property and commercial matters.


Daphne Keller's work focuses on platform regulation and Internet users' rights. She has testified before legislatures, courts, and regulatory bodies around the world, and published both academically and in popular press on topics including platform content moderation practices, constitutional and human rights law, copyright, data protection, and national courts' global takedown orders. Her recent work focuses on legal protections for users’ free expression rights when state and private power intersect, particularly through platforms’ enforcement of Terms of Service or use of algorithmic ranking and recommendations. Until 2020, Daphne was the Director of Intermediary Liability at Stanford's Center for Internet and Society. She also served until 2015 as Associate General Counsel for Google, where she had primary responsibility for the company’s search products. Daphne has taught Internet law at Stanford, Berkeley, and Duke law schools. She is a graduate of Yale Law School, Brown University, and Head Start.


Jeff Hermes currently serves as one of two Deputy Directors of the Media Law Resource Center, a membership organization for media attorneys and their clients, where he tracks breaking developments in the law of freedom of expression and develops resources for attorneys responding to these issues.

Jeff previously served as the Director of the Digital Media Law Project at Harvard University's Berkman Center for Internet & Society, where he led multiple initiatives to provide free legal resources in response to the needs of independent journalists and online media ventures. Prior to joining the Berkman Center, Jeff assisted a wide array of clients in First Amendment, media, intellectual property and Internet law issues over fourteen years in private practice as an associate and partner in the litigation practice of Brown Rudnick LLP and later as counsel to Hermes, Netburn, O'Connor & Spearing, P.C. in Boston. He has represented an international media network and its subsidiaries, major metropolitan newspapers, broadcasters on television and radio, online news publishers and social media networks.

Jeff has frequently been interviewed by national and international press outlets, written for numerous publications, spoken at a wide array of events, and been invited to international forums to discuss media law issues. He received his J.D. degree from Harvard Law School, and received his undergraduate degree, summa cum laude, from Princeton University.


Jillian C. York is a writer and activist whose work examines the impact of technology on our societal and cultural values. Based in Berlin, she is the Director for International Freedom of Expression at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a fellow at the Center for Internet & Human Rights at the European University Viadrina, and a visiting professor at the College of Europe Natolin. York's book, "Silicon Values: The Future of Free Speech under Surveillance Capitalism," was released in March 2021 from Verso Books.


Jordan Gimbel is Deputy General Counsel at Twitch.


Konstantinos Komaitis is a veteran of developing and analysing Internet policy to ensure an open and global Internet. Konstantinos has spent almost ten years in active policy development and strategy as a Senior Director at the Internet Society, and is currently a policy fellow at the Brave New Software Foundation. Before that, he spent 7 years researching and teaching at the university of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.


Nora manages the organization’s efforts around platform and media accountability to defend against digital threats to democracy. She previously served as the director of PEN America’s U.S. Free Expression Programs, where she guided the organization’s national advocacy agenda on First Amendment and free-expression issues, including press freedom, disinformation defense and protest rights. Nora launched and led PEN America’s media-literacy and disinformation-defense program. She also led the organization's groundbreaking First Amendment lawsuit, PEN America v. Donald Trump, to hold the former president accountable for his retaliation against and censorship of journalists he disliked. She has also authored policy reports on legislative attacks on fundamental rights. Nora is a civil-rights and constitutional lawyer who previously worked in private practice and at the ACLU of Georgia, litigating significant cases representing victims of voting-rights violations, unconstitutional police practices, First Amendment infringements and more. In all aspects of her work, she seeks to defend the human dignity of all and overcome structural barriers to equity and justice. Nora graduated from Emory University School of Law and received her B.A. from New York University’s Gallatin School.


Professor Chander is an expert on the global regulation of new technologies. A graduate of Harvard College and Yale Law School, he clerked for Chief Judge Jon O. Newman of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals and Judge William A. Norris of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. He practiced law in New York and Hong Kong with Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton. He has been a visiting law professor at Yale, the University of Chicago, Stanford, Cornell, and Tsinghua. He previously served as the Director of the California International Law Center and Martin Luther King, Jr. Professor of Law at UC Davis. A member of the American Law Institute, he has also served on the Executive Council of the American Society of International Law, where he co-founded the International Law and Technology Interest Group. The author of The Electronic Silk Road (Yale University Press), he serves as a judge of the Stanford Junior International Faculty Forum. A recipient of Google Research Awards and an Andrew Mellon grant on the topic of surveillance, he has served on ICTSD/World Economic Forum expert groups on the digital economy. He serves as an Adjunct Senior Research Scholar at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Policy, a faculty advisor to Georgetown’s Institute for Technology Law and Policy, and as a faculty affiliate of Yale’s Information Society Project.


Remy Chavannes is a partner at the technology and communications law firm Brinkhof in Amsterdam, where he specializes in copyright, media, and internet litigation. He represents international technology and media companies in cases at the intersection of copyright, freedom of expression, and privacy.

Remy has litigated dozens of cases before national and EU courts in areas such as intermediary liability, content moderation, defamation, the “right to be forgotten” and digital IP enforcement.

Remy heads Brinkhof’s platforms regulation and litigation team, which advises many of the world’s largest media and technology companies on EU and national regulation of online platforms and digital media services. This includes supporting public affairs teams in the legislative phase, counseling on national implementation, product compliance, and devising and executing litigation strategies. The team also advises clients on content licensing; content moderation; telecoms and audiovisual media services regulation; and obligations to remove and produce information in the context of civil enforcement, law enforcement, and national security.

Remy studied Modern History (Balliol College, Oxford) and Law (Leiden University). He is a member of AIPPI’s Programme Committee and Standing Committee on Copyright, and a regular author and speaker on developments in EU copyright, media, and intermediary liability law.


Tony Sebro is the General Counsel for Change.org, the world’s largest nonprofit-owned tech platform for social change. As the organization’s Policy and Legal team lead, Tony is responsible for ensuring the open platform remains safe and that the rights and responsibilities of its half a billion users worldwide remain protected and enforced—enabling anyone, anywhere to create the change they want to see. His day-to-day work includes leveraging his specific expertise in technology, online platforms, business operations, privacy, open source, and strategy to help Change.org achieve its long-term vision.

Prior to joining Change.org, Tony was the Deputy General Counsel for the Wikimedia Foundation, the nonprofit that supports Wikipedia and its related projects. He also served as the General Counsel for Software Freedom Conservancy, a public charity that acts as the home for more than 40 free and open source software projects, including Git, Selenium and Samba. Prior to joining Software Freedom Conservancy, he spent time in the private sector with PCT Law Group and Kenyon & Kenyon and as an intellectual property licensing and business development professional with IBM.

Tony earned his Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; an MBA from the University of Michigan - Stephen M. Ross School of Business; and his Juris Doctor degree from the University of Michigan Law School. In 2017, Tony received an O’Reilly Open Source Award for leadership and outstanding contribution to open source.

Tony is a registered in-house counsel with the California state bar, a member of the New York bar, and registered to practice before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Tony is an active participant in and supporter of the non-profit community, and has served on the boards of multiple non-profit organizations.


Tyler G. Newby is a partner in the Litigation Group at Fenwick & West LLP, where he chairs the firm’s IP and Commercial Litigation group and co-chairs the firm’s Privacy and Data Security practice.  His practice focuses on privacy and data security litigation, federal and state regulatory investigations and counseling for high technology clients ranging from early-stage startups to mature public companies. 

Prior to rejoining Fenwick & West in 2011, Mr. Newby was a federal prosecutor with the U.S. Department of Justice in Washington, D.C. where he was a Trial Attorney in the Criminal Division's Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section, and a Special Assistant United States Attorney in the Cyber Division of the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Virginia.  The California Daily Journal named Mr. Newby a Top Cyber Attorney for 2019.  In 2014, Mr. Newby was named among the top attorneys in the United States under the age of 40 by Law360.

Mr. Newby graduated from Stanford Law School in 1999, where he was a Notes Editor of the Stanford Law Review.


Laurent Crenshaw is the Head of Policy for Patreon. He is leading the company’s policy development, strategy, planning, and advocacy globally in the Content, Payments, Benefits, Merchandise, Community, and Public categories. Before joining Patreon, Laurent served in senior public policy roles at Eaze and Yelp. Prior to shifting to the private sector, Laurent worked in the House of Representatives for over 11 years focusing on technology policy issues, particularly in the areas of intellectual property, telecommunications, and internet law.