CarolinaTavares Rodrigues Davies
Senior associate of the labor practice of Machado Meyer Sendacz e Opice Advogados, born in São Paulo, SP, Brazil; admitted to practice in 2003, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (LL.B., 2003), Instituto Internacional de Ciências Sociais - IICS, São Paulo, Brazil (Postgraduation in Labor Law, 2005). Assistant Professor of Postgraduation courses at Instituto Internacional de Ciências Sociais - IICS.
Membership: Brazilian Bar Association
PLC Which Lawyer - recognized in the labor practice between 2008 and 2012. Chambers and Partners Latin America - "Associates to Watch" in the labor area in 2010 and 2011.
Anders Etgen Reitz heads the HR legal team at IUNO, a leading law firm in Denmark.
Anders is recognized as one of Denmark’s leading employment lawyers. He is a specialist in international employment law and advises multinationals on conducting business in the Nordic region and around the globe.
Anders is a regular speaker at international conferences on employment law issues. He co-edited several books on international employment law for the ABA's International Practitioner's Deskbook Series. Anders has also written a number of articles on national and international employment law.
Anders is Co-Chair of the Global Employment Institute (GEI) and former Co-Chair of the Discrimination and Equality Law Committee of the International Bar Association (IBA) as well as a former Co-Chair of the American Bar Association (ABA) - International Employment Law Committee.
Anders is on the panel of experts on employment law (fagudvalget for ansættelsesret) and the International Committee of the Danish Bar Association (Danske Advokater). Anders was one of the founding board members of the Danish Employment Lawyers Association (Ansættelsesadvokater) and an active member of the European Employment Lawyers Association (EELA).
Anders received his Master's Degree in Law in 2000 from the University of Copenhagen. He has pursued his international studies at Oxford and Harvard, and in 2005 he received an LL.M. in labour and employment law from New York University.
Donald C. Dowling has extensive experience advising U.S.-based companies on outbound international labor and employment laws. Don provides counsel on a wide variety of global employment law matters, including codes of conduct and HR policies that guide operations in multiple jurisdictions, international compensation and benefits issues, whistleblower hotlines, and cross-border internal investigations and HR compliance audits. He regularly advises clients on employment matters that arise with international restructurings, reductions in force, mergers, acquisitions, and outsourcing. Additionally, Don helps clients properly engage independent contractors overseas, manage expatriate programs, and develop employment agreements and employee handbooks.
Earlier in his career, Don served as in-house international employment counsel for a Fortune 500 company in Paris and as an employment law consultant for a global consulting firm. He has delivered hundreds of presentations on international employment law issues in English and Spanish in countries around the world, and regularly publishes articles and teaches courses on a variety of global employment law topics.
Professional & Community Affiliations
Member, Advisory Board
New York University School of Law’s Center for Labor & Employment Law
Cross-Border HR Group
Named, America's Leading Lawyers for Business
Chambers USA 2017
Named, Legal 500
US Labor & Employment, Workplace and Employment Counseling
Named, Super Lawyer
Named, Attorneys Who Matter
Named, Leading International Labor/Employment Lawyer
PLC Which Lawyer?
Order of the Coif
Edward O’Callaghan has over twenty years of litigation experience in criminal and civil matters both in private practice and in government service. His practice focuses on defending financial institutions, public companies, asset management firms, and individuals in international and domestic regulatory investigations and criminal prosecutions, including cases involving allegations of securities fraud, insider trading and market manipulation, bank fraud, money laundering, accounting fraud, health care fraud, corruption, RICO, criminal antitrust, and matters involving alleged violations of the United States export controls and the FCPA.
Recent public instructions include the representation of Jeffrey Webb, the former President of CONCACAF and FIFA Executive Committee Member in the criminal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) indictment pending in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, and Fokker Services, B.V., in the successful negotiation of a Deferred Prosecution Agreement with DOJ involving historical violations of the U.S. sanctions, and related court proceedings in United States District Court for the District of Columbia and the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. Edward has represented five of the largest financial institutions in the world in grand jury investigations, regulatory enforcement and compliance matters and in transactional due diligence investigations. He also handles complex civil cases, conducts internal investigations for corporate clients and constructs effective global compliance and risk assessment programs for multi-national corporations.
From 1999 until 2008, Edward was an Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, and Co-Chief of the Terrorism & National Security Unit during the last three years of his tenure. He acted as the lead prosecutor on a number of high-profile matters including the Department of Justice’s international financial fraud investigation and prosecutions related to corruption in the United Nations Oil-for-Food Program, RICO prosecutions of crime families, numerous banks and securities fraud cases, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) matters, export control enforcement, and other cases.
Mr. O’Callaghan is a recipient of the US Attorney General’s Award for Distinguished Service (2008) and the Director’s Award for Superior Performance as an Assistant US Attorney (2000). He received a B.A. Government (magna cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa) from Georgetown University in 1991, a J.D. from New York University School of Law in 1994 and was admitted as an Attorney-at-Law in New York in 1995. After law school, he was Law Clerk to the Honorable Kevin Thomas Duffy, United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York.
Erika Collins is a partner in the Labor & Employment Law Department and co-head of the International Labor & Employment Law Group. Erika advises and counsels multinational public and private companies on a wide range of cross-border employment and human resources matters throughout the Americas, Europe, Africa and Asia.
Erika represents U.S. and non-U.S. employers in all aspects of company growth and restructuring, from office openings, executive hires and workforce expansions to company downsizing, employment terminations, mass layoffs and office closures. She advises clients on preparing competitive employment packages and agreements, such as separation, expatriate and consulting agreements, that are compliant with local laws, as well as on payroll, benefits and vacation issues. Erika regularly conducts multi-country audits of employment laws and practices in order to provide advice to clients regarding compliance with data privacy, fixed term contracts, outsourcing, and working time and leave regulations among numerous other issues.
Erika has helped numerous companies comply with EU data privacy regulations, as well as other similarly onerous non-US data privacy regulations. She has conducted data privacy training for dozens of employers and her expertise in employee-related data privacy challenges spans the globe.
Additionally, Erika advises employers on sexual harassment and other misconduct allegations. She also is experienced in conducting due diligence on international subsidiaries and advising on applicable business transfer laws and employee transition issues in cross-border M&A transactions.
Erika is the editor of The Employment Law Review (7th Edition), which covers employment laws in 48 countries as well as three cross border chapters on M&A, Global Diversity and Social Media. In addition to authoring numerous articles on international employment topics, Erika is a regular speaker at the International Bar Association and the American Bar Association. Topics on which she has written and spoken recently include: “Cross-Border Transfers of Executives,” “Global Mobility Issues for Multi-Nationals,” “Employment Issues in Cross-Border M&A Transactions,” “The Landscape of Issues in International Employment Law,” “Global Diversity Programs,” “The Intersection of EU Privacy and Anti-Discrimination Laws,” and “Cross-Border Investigations.”
International Bar Association (Senior Vice-Chair of the Industrial Relations and Employment Law Committee)
American Bar Association's Section of International Law,
International Employment Law Committee (Former Chair)
Housing + Solutions (Advisory Board Member)
XBHR (Member, Former Board Member)
Awards & Recognition
Chambers USA: New York: Labor & Employment 2007-2016
Best Lawyers in America, Labor and Employment Law 2010-2016
The Legal 500 United States: Labor & Employment: Workplace & Employment Counseling 2013, 2015-2016
Lexology Client Choice Award: Labor & Employment 2016
Euromoney: 2015 Americas Women in Business Law: Best in Labor & Employment
New York Super Lawyers 2007-2015
The International Who’s Who of Management, Labour & Employment Lawyers 2007-2013
International Labor & Employment
Non-Compete & Trade Secrets
Strategic Corporate Planning
Whistleblowing & Retaliation
French & EU Labor and Employment Law
Hiring & Background Checks
Mergers & Acquisitions
Privacy & Data Security
University of California, Davis, School of Law, J.D., 1994
Brown University, A.B., 1988
Admissions & Qualifications
District of Columbia
Gary Siniscalco, Senior Counsel and Co-Chair of the EEO & OFCCP Compliance Group, has significant experience advising clients on complex employment litigation and advisory matters. He has particular experience in counseling and litigation defense for clients on equal opportunity, affirmative action (OFCCP) compliance, wrongful discharge, wage-and-hour matters and in working with companies on cross-border employment issues.
Gary has handled numerous class actions, pattern and practice cases and government audits, in court and before the EEOC and Department of Labor. He brings a particularly unique perspective to clients on matters involving the EEOC, having served as regional counsel and senior trial attorney for the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in San Francisco prior to joining Orrick.
Gary also has an extensive class actions practice, focusing on litigation, consent decree strategies and preventive advice. He has been designated as an expert or retained as special counsel in several federal court class actions throughout the United States.
Gary’s counseling practice extends beyond the United States and includes assisting U.S. multinational companies in dealing with complex employee issues in foreign jurisdictions
Gary has written numerous articles on employment law. Most recently, he is Management Editor-in-Chief of a two-volume treatise--Restrictive Covenants and Trade Secrets in Employment Law: An International Survey (BNA, 2010). Gary is co-author of “The Pay Gap, the Class Ceiling, and Pay Bias: Moving Forward Fifty Years After the Equal Pay Act”, ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law, Vol 29, November 3 (Spring 2014), and “The Law of Employment Discrimination from 1985-2010,” ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Spring 2010).
Gary is widely recognized as one the top management employment lawyers in the United States by every major ranking organization, including Chambers USA, the National Law Journal, Best of the Best USA (Euromoney), and Who’s Who Legal. Among management employment lawyers in the United States and Europe, Gary is ranked in the top 10 of Who’s Who international management labor and employment lawyers and is described as “absolutely superb.”
Gary also serves regularly on the NYU faculty for training federal judges on employment law, the OFCCP Institute, PLI International Employment Law and ABA Labor and Employment Law Section programs.
Ignacio Funes De Rioja
Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1999
LL.M. Duke Law School, North Carolina, U.S.A., 2001
Law Degree, Catholic University of Argentina, 1999
Areas of practice
Leader of one of the International Labour and Employment Practice teams at Funes de Rioja & Asociados, representing and advising employers. He represents and advises national and multinational companies in all aspects of law relating to human resources.
Career to Date
Since 1999 working at Funes de Rioja & Asociados, leading niche Labour and Employment Law firm and member of ius laboris, international employment law, pensions and employee benefits alliance. Member of the National Committee on Telework Legislation. Since 2003, professor of post-graduate courses on Labour and Employment Laws at the Argentinean Business University, Tres de Febrero University and the Business Management School. Full professor at the labor law chair at the CEMA Economics School.
Professor of Labour Policy and Laws. Speaker in seminars and conferences, including the International Bar Association (IBA), the Industrial Relations Committee and the Discrimination Law Committee. Author of several newspaper articles.
Apertura Magazine and Infobae newspaper: Ignacio Funes de Rioja: Among the 20 most promising lawyers under 40 in Argentina, and the only labor and employment lawyer in the top 20 of the rankings.
Chambers & Partners Latin America - Labour and Employment leading firms: Ignacio Funes de Rioja, highly regarded for his expertise.
Plc Which Lawyer?: Ignacio Funes de Rioja is highly recommended.
The International Who's Who Of Management Labour And Employment Lawyers 2012 - Most Highly Regarded Lawyers: Ignacio Funes De Rioja: Highly Nominated As A "Leading Talent"
Latin Lawyer: "Ignacio Funes de Rioja is quickly rising up the ranks."
iprofesional.com: The Complete Ranking Of The Most Voted Lawyers: Ignacio Funes de Rioja (Funes de Rioja & Asociados) was chosen by 70 partners from 27 law firms that participated from this survey as one of the under 45 with the best projection in the years ahead .
Legal 500 Hundred: Ignacio Funes de Rioja is listed in the elite "Leading lawyers" list, the Legal 500 Latin America 2012's guide to outstanding lawyers and among the lawyers recommended in The Legal 500 Latin America 2012's editorial.
PLC - Employment and Employee Benefits: Super League 2012: Ignacio Funes de Rioja is among the 3 most recommended lawyers.
Johan Lubbe is a shareholder at Littler Mendelson, the largest management-side workplace law firm in the U.S. The firm has over 950 employment lawyers in 56 offices across the U.S., Mexico and Venezuela. Johan is the U.S. Practice Co-Chair of the firm’s International Employment Law Practice Group.
Johan Lubbe provides strategic advice and counseling to multinational employers on a wide range of global employment law, labor relations, human resources, and data privacy matters. Who's Who Legal noted in its survey that Johan is "greatly admired" for his expertise in data privacy and the workplace. Johan also regularly advises foreign companies that do business in the U.S. on the compliance requirements of U.S. workplace law. Johan is an experienced trial lawyer and negotiator with unions.
Johan holds law degrees from leading law schools in the U.S., England and South Africa. He started his legal career as a labor lawyer in South Africa and has been practicing in the U.S. for the past 18 years. He has authored a number of articles on cross-border employment issues, and is a frequent speaker at international employment law conferences in the U.S. and overseas.
Johan is recognized as a leading employment lawyer in a number of publications, including Best Lawyers in the U.S., Practical Law Company’s Labour and Employee Benefits Cross-border Handbook, Euromoney’s Guide to the World’s Leading Labour and Employment Lawyers, The International Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers, and the Legal Media Group’s The Best of the Best. Johan has also been recognized as a Super Lawyer in New York since 2007.
Louise Patry is a partner in the Labour & Employment, Litigation and Corporate/Commercial practices.
Louise has an extensive experience in several fields of the labour and employment domain. She is known for her expert negotiation and arbitration skills.
Louise advises multinational/domestic public and private companies in a wide range of industries on labour and employment related matters. Known for her expert negotiation and arbitration skills, she also provides practical and expedient solutions for matters such as employee transfers and downsizing operations, wrongful dismissal and pay equity cases, workers’ compensation and health and safety issues, pension plan issues and business consolidations. In addition, Louise handles the negotiation of collective agreements for various clients. Louise has developed an extensive experience in international employment law.
Louise worked as a lawyer for the Québec Union of Service Employees, Local 298 (FTQ), providing her with the advantage of a bilateral perspective on issues related to labour and employment.
Has achieved one of Martindale-Hubbell’s highest rankings.
Louise has presented at numerous conferences to a broad range of professionals on dismissals, salary equity, the financing of workplace health and safety and labour standards in Québec, as well as on various other labour and employment issues.
Université de Montréal, Labour Law Dipl., 1988
Université de Sherbrooke, BCL, 1980
Pensions, Employment & Executive Compensation
Professional AffiliationsOrdre des conseillers en ressources humaines agréés du Québec
Marty Schmelkin is a Managing Director, Associate General Counsel with Goldman, Sachs & Co. in New York. Marty is a member of the firm’s Employment Law Group, and his practice focuses on employment law counseling, affirmative action & diversity issues, employment discrimination arbitration and litigation. Marty has spent time in the firm’s Hong Kong office, handling employment law matters arising in the firm’s offices throughout Asia (Beijing, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore, Taipei, and Tokyo). He also covers matters arising in the firm’s non-U.S. offices in the Americas (Bermuda, Buenos Aires, Calgary, Cayman Islands, Mexico City, Santiago, Sao Paolo, and Toronto). Marty is the Chairperson of the Pro Bono Steering Committee at Goldman Sachs, where he coordinates all of the firm’s pro bono initiatives and programming. He is also a member of the Knowledge Share Committee, which provides Continuing Legal Education (CLE) programming for members of the firm’s Legal Department. Marty is a member of the Board of the Women’s Enterprise Development Center, an organization which provides training programs and support services to women business owners in Westchester County.
Marty received a Bachelor of Science degree from the School of Industrial and Labor Relations (ILR) at Cornell University in 1991, and a Juris Doctor degree from New York University School of Law in 1994. Prior to joining Goldman Sachs in 2000, Marty worked in the Employment Law Departments of Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe and O’Melveny & Myers.
Foreign Investment in China, Regulatory Compliance, Dispute Resolution
Dr. Xiaolin Zhou is licensed to practice law in China and the State of New York, and admitted before the Federal (Southern District and Eastern District of New York) and state courts in the State of New York. He has over 30 years of legal work experience both in government and in private practice. As managing partner of the firm's New York Office, he focuses his practice on advising and assisting clients doing business with/in China and helping clients resolve legal and business problems in their operations in China. His clients include many Fortune 500 industrial and business corporations, banks, insurers, foreign law firms and international organizations, as well as many small and medium sized companies. He also regularly advises Chinese entities and individuals on doing business in the U.S.
Prior to entering private legal practice, Dr. Zhou served for seven years as Head of International Law Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China. He also served as advisor to the Chinese Delegation to the UN General Assembly and Chinese delegate to the UN Legal Committee, Outer-space Legal Subcommittee and UN Charter Committee. He has participated in numerous international negotiations and was involved in handling major judicial and arbitration cases involving government agencies and enterprises in Chinese and foreign courts as well as international arbitration tribunals.
Dr. Zhou received his Doctor of Juridical Science degree (SJD) from Harvard Law School and is a graduate of Institute of Law, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing.
Dr. Zhou is a member of the Bar of the City of New York and the All-China Lawyers Association.
Fluent in English and Mandarin.
T.M.J. (Dorothé) Smits
Labor & Employment
Mrs. Smits has more than 20 years of experience in advising and litigating on all aspects of labor & employment on a national and international (European) level, with a particular interest in the resolution of high level disputes, senior level departures, discrimination issues, (cross border) business transfers and restructuring.
Besides being a lawyer, she is a Deputy Judge, at the District Court of Rotterdam since January 2012 and Chairman since 2009-Present (a member since 2004) of an Appeals Committee in the field of educational law issues (dismissal and disciplinary measures).
Mrs. Smits is a member of the Association of Employment Lawyers in the Netherlands (VAAN), the European Employment Lawyers Association (EELA), the International Bar Association (IBA) and the American Bar Association (ABA). She is also on the Board of the European Employment Lawyer’s Association which she joined in 2013. She has given lectures at conferences, both national and abroad.
WENDI S. LAZAR is a partner at Outten & Golden LLP in New York where she co-heads the firm’s Individual Practice and the Executives and Professionals Practice Group. Ms. Lazar practices in many areas of employment law with a focus on executive agreements, including retention, expatriate, non-competition, talent, severance, and compensation arrangements. She also represents teams of executives, founders and partners transitioning during a sale, merger and acquisitions and other corporate transactions. Ms. Lazar’s practice is international in scope, and she advises clients and attorneys in the U.S. and abroad on employment, contract, and often related immigration issues. Ms. Lazar represents individuals, partners, and management teams at portfolio and public companies, financial institutions (including banks, hedge funds, private equity companies), and entertainment, advertising and media companies. She also represents law partners and associates, accounting professionals, doctors and medical practitioners in all transactional matters. Ms. Lazar was appointed as a commissioner by the American Bar Association’s Commission on Women, where she heads the Sexual Harassment and Gender Based Bullying Committee.
Ms. Lazar is a member at-large on the Executive Committee of the New York State Bar Association Labor & Employment Section. She is former Employee Co-Chair of the American Bar Association Labor and Employment Law Section’s International Labor and Employment Law Committee and remains an active member of the section.
Ms. Lazar writes a quarterly column for the New York Law Journal entitled “Employees in the Workplace.” She regularly lectures on employment issues to bar associations and industry groups and has had numerous legal articles and book chapters published. She co-authored as Co-Editor In-Chief, "Restrictive Covenants and Trade Secrets in Employment Law: An International Survey," published in 2010 by the BNA and its supplements through 2013, which includes the chapter “Confidentiality, Trade Secrets, and Other Duties and Restrictive Covenants in a Global Economy.” In addition, she is also the author of the chapter “Negotiating and Drafting Expatriate Employment Agreements," in the 3rd Edition of Vol. 1B of International Labor & Employment Law, published in 2009 by the BNA.
Martindale-Hubbell recognizes Ms. Lazar as an AV “Preeminent” rated attorney. She was named to Best Lawyers in America 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 in the field of Employment Law – Individuals. Ms. Lazar was also recognized by Super Lawyers in 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017. Ms. Lazar has been selected as a 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 Lawdragon 500 Leading Lawyer. In 2014, Ms. Lazar was elected as a Fellow to the College of Labor & Employment Lawyers. Ms. Lazar was named a New York Law Journal: Top Women in the Law 2016. She is also a Board Member of Work Life Law, UC Hastings College of the Law. Before she began practicing law in 1993, Ms. Lazar was a film and television producer. Her ten years of experience in that field include many television and feature film credits as well as an Emmy Award. Ms. Lazar graduated magna cum laude from Hunter College and received her J.D. cum laude from Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, where she received a Ford Foundation Fellowship in International Law and was an Alexander Fellow, participating as a federal judicial law clerk.
Bettina specialises in employment law and provides strategic and commercial employment law advice to corporate clients and senior executives. Key areas she advises on include internal investigations, disciplinary and grievance procedures, exits, complex discrimination litigation, the enforcement of restrictive covenants and team moves. She also advises on employment law issues relevant when setting up in the UK, including the recruitment process, employment contracts and staff handbooks. Her particular interest is in cross-border and international issues and she has particular expertise in advising US and European parent companies with UK based subsidiaries.
What the Directories say:-
Chambers & Partners 2014 (Employment Law): Bettina Bender is recognised for her ability "to negotiate fantastic outcomes for clients" and for the "pragmatism" and "commercialism" she brings to matters. Bettina is ranked as a leading individual in her work advising employers as well as senior executives.
Bettina is experienced in providing advice on the following:
Bettina regularly contributes articles published in legal and HR publications. She is a regular speaker on employment law developments and also provides comment on topical employment law issues in the press, including radio and television. She is an officer of the International Bar Association, Discrimination and Equality Law Committee, and a member of the European Employment Lawyers Association, the UK Employment Lawyers Association and the German-British Chamber of Industry and Commerce. Bettina is bi-lingual in English and German. Prior to joining CM Murray LLP Bettina worked at two City law firms and a leading national law firm.
Littler Mendelson, P.C. is the largest employment law firm representing management in the United States, with over 1,200 lawyers in the U.S., Canada, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and throughout Latin America.
Philip Berkowitz is co-chair of Littler 's Financial Services Practice Group and co-chair of its International Employment Law Practice.
Mr. Berkowitz advises multinational and domestic companies in industries including financial services, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals and chemicals, manufacturing, publishing, and other sectors on employment-related matters. He has significant experience advising U.S., Asian, and European multinationals. He also represents prominent international law firms in their U.S. employment law matters.
Mr. Berkowitz has repeatedly been named in America's Leading Lawyers for Business - Chambers USA; the Best Lawyers in America; and the International Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers - Who's Who Legal. He is a regular lecturer, nationally and internationally, on labor and employment and HR issues, is a columnist for the New York Law Journal, and is author of numerous legal publications.
Mr. Berkowitz is Co-Chair of the International Bar Association (IBA) Diversity & Equality Committee. He is former Chair of the American Bar Association Committee on International Law, and is former Chair of the New York State Bar Association International Law and Practice Section.
Cornell Law School, 1977-78
Northwestern School of Law, J.D. 1978
State University of New York at New Paltz, B.A. 1975