Nancy A. Lieberman concentrates on merger and acquisition transactions involving public and private companies, including negotiated and contested acquisitions, private equity transactions, tender offers, recapitalizations and restructurings. Ms. Lieberman advises corporations on various corporate governance issues and also has extensive experience in structuring and negotiating U.S. and international joint ventures, a subject she has lectured on over the years.
The National Law Journal listed Ms. Lieberman as one of "the 50 most influential women lawyers in America" (1998).
She has advised the following companies:
Albert Garner is Vice Chair of Investment Banking at Lazard, a firm with which he has been associated for over 35 years and is one of its most senior mergers and acquisitions bankers. He chairs the firm’s Opinion Committee and leads its Special Committee practice. Over the course of his career, he has represented companies and boards of directors in a wide variety of industries. He has led assignments for, among others, Ameristar, Barnes & Noble, CBS, Chicago Board of Trade, CNH Global, CNX Gas, Delphi Financial, Dole Food, Dollar General, Double Click, Freeport-McMoRan, GCI, Hertz, Nationwide, Reynolds America, SuperValu, Swift Transportation, Williams, and 99 Cents Only Stores.
Previously, Al served as head of Lazard's Capital Markets Group where he oversaw the firm's new issue activities in the fixed income and equity markets.
Prior to joining Lazard, he was associated with an international consulting engineering firm. Al serves on the board of AngloGold Ashanti. He is the past chair of the Prospect Park Alliance.
Al received a B.S.E. in Aerospace Engineering, magna cum laude, from Princeton University.
C. Stephen Bigler is a senior director with the Wilmington, Delaware law firm of Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A. Mr. Bigler has a wide ranging Delaware corporate law practice, specializing in Delaware statutory and fiduciary duty issues arising in transactional and operational contexts, including formation, governance, mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, financing transactions, defensive planning, and stockholder meetings. He has written numerous articles on, and is a frequent speaker regarding, Delaware corporate law issues and developments. He is recognized as a leading Delaware corporate lawyer in Chambers USA, The Best Lawyers in America, and Lawdragon 500 Leading Dealmakers in America.
Mr. Bigler graduated from University of Virginia School of Law and received his undergraduate degree from Washington & Lee University. He is currently a member of the Tribar Legal Opinion Committee, the NVCA GC Advisory Board, and the editorial board of The Business Lawyer.
Christine Wilson is an antitrust and competition partner in the Washington, D.C. office of Kirkland & Ellis LLP. Her practice focuses on antitrust and trade regulation and international competition law and policy. She assists clients in obtaining antitrust approval for complex global mergers, guides them in shaping commercial initiatives that achieve business goals while complying with the antitrust laws, and represents their interests in high-stakes government antitrust investigations. Notable public representations include Verizon in its acquisition of MCI and Northwest Airlines in its merger with Delta Air Lines.
Christine represents clients before the Department of Justice, the Federal Trade Commission, state attorneys general, the European Commission, and other global authorities. She has served as Chief of Staff to the Chairman of the FTC, which enables her to provide valuable insights to clients regarding enforcement issues. She is a recognized authority on global competition issues, serving as an adviser to the U.S. government in connection with the International Competition Network (ICN).
Chambers USA ranked Christine as a leading antitrust practitioner in its 2011 edition, and Washingtonian magazine placed her on its list of the top 40 lawyers under 40 in Washington, D.C. She serves as a Vice Chair on the ABA Antitrust Section's Transportation and Energy Committee, and recently co-founded The Grapevine, a women's network for D.C. professionals in the antitrust and consumer protection arenas. She routinely speaks and publishes on a broad range of competition topics.
Georgetown University, J.D., 1995, cum laude
University of Florida, B.A., 1991
Phi Beta Kappa
Admissions & Qualifications
Memberships & Affiliations
Debbie Feinstein heads Arnold & Porter's Global Antitrust group. From 2013-2017, she was Director of the Bureau of Competition. She had previously served at the FTC from 1989 to 1991 as Assistant to the Director of the Bureau of Competition and an Attorney Advisor.
She attended Harvard Law School and the University of California at Berkeley. After graduation, she was an associate at Arnold & Porter from 1987 to 1989 and from 1991 to 1995. Later, as a partner, she led the firm's US Antitrust group from 2010 to 2013.
Throughout her career, Ms. Feinstein has focused on merger and acquisition reviews by antitrust enforcement agencies in the United States and globally, as well as civil investigations and litigation. Her industry experience is broad, and includes retail, food, consumer products, healthcare, chemicals, and automotive parts, among others. Ms. Feinstein has been consistently lauded as a leading practitioner by Chambers USA and other ranking publications.
Eric Schiele is a corporate partner in the New York office of Kirkland & Ellis LLP, and serves as a member of the Firm's Executive Committee. His practice encompasses M&A and public company board and special committee advisory work, as well as hostile takeover and hedge fund activism defense. Over the course of his career, Eric has advised on announced M&A transactions with an aggregate value of over $1 trillion.
Eric has been repeatedly recognized as a leading lawyer in mergers and acquisitions. In 2020, Eric was one of six M&A attorneys nationwide chosen as a Law360 MVP, and one of seven attorneys nationwide chosen by The American Lawyer as a finalist for its 2020 “Corporate Lawyer of the Year” award. He was recognized for his M&A work by Chambers USA: America’s Leading Lawyers for Business from 2015 through 2021. Eric was also recognized by IFLR1000 from 2015 through 2021 and was named to Lawdragon’s list of the “500 Leading Lawyers in America” in 2016, 2017, 2020, and 2021. He has also been recognized by The Legal 500 for his transactional work in the media and entertainment industry in 2017 and 2018, for his work on mergers & acquisitions (large deals – $1bn+) in 2018 through 2020, for his transactional work in the telecoms and broadcast industry in 2014 and 2017, and for his transactional work in the technology industry in 2015.
Eric is a frequent speaker on M&A topics, including co-chairing PLI’s Hot Topics in Mergers and Acquisitions conferences from 2014–2020 and chairing its Shareholder Activism conference in 2016 and co-chairing it in 2018 and 2019.
Eric graduated summa cum laude from Ohio Wesleyan University and earned his J.D. with the highest honors from The University of Texas at Austin School of Law.
October 17, 1963 – May 17, 2019
Co-Chair, Hot Topics in Mergers and Acquisitions, 2006 – 2019
Scott Falk was a partner in Kirkland’s Chicago office, focusing primarily on mergers and acquisitions and securities offerings for public company clients. In his almost 30 years at Kirkland, he served many Fortune 500 clients including Aon, Baxter, Boeing, Dow Chemical, John Deere, Molson Coors and Tenneco in M&A and corporate governance work. But beyond the work itself, Scott dedicated himself to the support and education of other M&A lawyers and played an active role internally in running the M&A Forums and Roundtables, and externally co-chairing, teaching classes and leading panels with the Practicing Law Institute, the Garrett Corporate and Securities Law Institute and the Securities Regulation Institute.
Scott served as Chairman of the National Philanthropic Board of the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C., Chairman of the Board of the American Red Cross of Greater Chicago and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Chicago Humanities Festival. He received numerous accolades over the years, having been listed in Chambers as a leading lawyer for over a decade, and was well-recognized among his partners as being one of Kirkland’s star public company M&A attorneys.
Scott earned his J.D. cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1989 and his A.B. magna cum laude in Government from Harvard College in 1985.
We will miss his wisdom, collegiality and kindness.
Melissa Sawyer is a partner in Sullivan & Cromwell LLP’s Mergers & Acquisitions Group and is co-head of the Firm’s Corporate Governance & Activism Practice. In addition to advising clients on public and private M&A transactions, joint ventures and strategic alliances, she also regularly advises clients on corporate governance, activism and takeover defense matters. Ms. Sawyer’s experience spans multiple industries, including consumer and retail, industrials, medtech and insurance. Ms. Sawyer serves as Chair of the Firm’s Knowledge Management Committee.
Ms. Sawyer has been repeatedly recognized as a leading M&A adviser. She is ranked by Chambers USA in Corporate/M&A, where clients describe her as “an absolute superstar,” and was named a Client Service All-Star by BTI. She was also named to The Deal’s “Women in M&A: The Powerhouse 20” for shaping the industry with her novel approach to transactions and has been recognized as a Law360 MVP in Food & Beverage, one of Crain’s “Leading Women Lawyers in New York City” and “Dealmaker of the Week” by The American Lawyer. Additional accolades include receiving a Burton Award for Legal Achievement and being chosen as an Empire State Counsel Honoree by the New York State Bar Association.
Ms. Sawyer has recently advised: Apollo Education, AT&T, BBA Aviation, CONMED, CPPIB, CSM Bakery, Diageo, DS Smith, FXI, GameStop, Novartis, OTPP, Sotheby’s, Tiffany & Co. and UnitedHealth.
Ms. Sawyer is currently a Lecturer in Law at Columbia Law School, a Fellow of the American Bar Foundation and a member of the Mergers, Acquisitions & Corporate Control Contests Committee of the New York City Bar Association. Ms. Sawyer has participated in numerous panels for the Practising Law Institute and regularly writes for The M&A Lawyer, The Deal Pipeline and LexisNexis.
University of Virginia Law School, J.D. 2000
Washington and Lee University, B.A. 1997
Meredith L. Cole, CFA, heads the Investor Relations/Analytics practice. Working with shareholders, custodians, central depositories and vote execution services on numerous solicitations for over 20 years, she has developed an expertise in global voting systems and the custodial chain of shareholdings. Her in-depth knowledge of DTC settlement trends and activist trading patterns enables Innisfree to accurately monitor shareholder trading activity and to identify potentially hostile positions and, where activist accumulations lead to full-blown proxy contests, to work with issuers to develop a specifically targeted outreach/solicitation strategy to maximize the probability of success.
Recent activist situations she has worked on include: the defense of ADP in its proxy contest against Pershing Square; Qualcomm in its proposed acquisition of NXP Semiconductor and simultaneous defense of an unsolicited proposal by Broadcom; the successful merger vote at Samsung C&T over the opposition of Elliott Associates; the defense at DuPont against the proxy contest waged by Trian Partners; the defense at Allergan against the unsolicited offer by Valeant Pharmaceuticals and Pershing Square Capital Management; the proxy contest by Third Point LLC at Sotheby’s; the acquisition of Dell Inc. by Michael Dell and Silver Lake Management despite opposition by Carl Icahn and Southeastern Asset Management; the defense at Agrium against JANA Partners’ proxy contest; and the defense at Oshkosh Corporation against a proxy contest and unsolicited tender offer by Carl Icahn.
Ms. Cole received a B.S.B.A. with a concentration in finance from Georgetown University. She holds the Chartered Financial Analyst® designation and is a member of the CFA Society New York, National Investor Relations Institute, and New York Society of Securities Analysts.
Nicole Pinder is a partner at PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (“PwC”) based in New York with approximately 25 years of public accounting experience.
Effective November 2017, she returned to the Transaction Services (“Deals”) practice and assumed the Market Team Leader role for Capital Markets & Accounting Advisory Services (“CMAAS”) in New York after being on tour in the Firm’s National Quality Organization (“NQO”). As part of this role, she is responsible for leading a team of 200+ professionals in providing accounting and financial reporting advice to a variety of organizations from start-ups to large, multinational public companies.
From July 2015, Nicole was on tour in the SEC Services Practice of NQO. In this role she was responsible for consulting on a wide array of capital markets activities, complex SEC matters and other areas relating to accounting, auditing and financial reporting. She also performed pre-filing reviews of transactional documents and periodic filings with the SEC for both domestic and foreign private issuer registrants.
Prior to serving in the NQO, Nicole was a partner in the Deals practice. In this role she consulted on and provided assurance and advisory services to companies across a broad range of industries in the United States, Europe and South Africa with a focus on complex financial reporting matters. She has advised corporates and private equity houses on the execution of their capital markets transactions (public and private debt and equity offerings), divestitures, and on complex accounting and reporting matters under various GAAPs. Nicole also has several years of experience advising companies on the adoption of and reporting under International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS").
Prior to her relocation to New York in October 2004, Nicole was based in London, United Kingdom. During her 5 years with the Global Capital Markets Group in London, a technical specialist group within the Transaction Services practice, she was primarily responsible for advising and assisting with the application of US GAAP and IFRS, and the SEC reporting requirements for foreign private issuers. During this time her client base included a concentration of consumer products companies, utilities, and oil and gas services companies.
Nicole is both a certified public accountant and a chartered accountant. Prior to joining the accounting profession, she qualified as a lawyer. She is a regular speaker on financial reporting and accounting topics.
Credentials / Professional Memberships:
Certified Public Accountant (CPA) – licensed in New York state
Member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
Chartered Accountant, CA(SA) – South Africa
Member of the South African Institute of Chartered Accountants (SAICA)
Member of the Public Accountants & Auditors’ Board, South Africa (PAAB)
Faculty member – Practising Law Institute (PLI)
Paula Anderson is a partner in the firm’s Litigation Group. Her experience is broad, with an international focus, and encompasses a wide range of areas, including Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) investigations and compliance due diligence, cross-border disputes, corporate governance, bankruptcy litigation, antitrust, M&A-related litigation, and international arbitration. Her clients have included global leaders in the finance, insurance, automotive, telecommunications, oil and gas, engineering, media and entertainment, consumer goods, and manufacturing industries.
In 2013, Ms. Anderson was named to New York Law Journal’s inaugural “2013 Rising Stars” list. In 2012, she was awarded the National Organization of Women’s “2012 Women of Power and Influence Award,” and was named to Crain’s NY Business Magazine’s “40 Under 40” list of top achievers under the age of 40. In 2016, Ms. Anderson was recognized by Benchmark Litigation in its inaugural “Under 40 Hot List” and was honored by The Network Journal with its 40 Under Forty Achievement Award. She has been recognized by Legal 500 as a Rising Star and was most recently named to Savoy Magazine’s list of “2018 Most Influential Black Lawyers.”
Recent Experience Includes Representation of:
Harvard Law School, J.D., 2001
John Jay College of Criminal Justice, B.A., summa cum laude, 1998 Class Valedictorian
Sarkis Jebejian is a corporate partner in Kirkland’s New York office and focuses his practice primarily on mergers and acquisitions, governance and other general corporate counseling, including shareholder activism defense. Sarkis’s clients include Accenture, Bain Capital, Infineon Technologies, Lazard, Moelis & Co., Nexstar Media, Spectrum Brands, Vista Equity Partners and WellCare Health Plans.
Sarkis has been repeatedly recognized as one of the country’s leading practitioners in mergers and acquisitions. From 2013 to 2019, Chambers USA recognized him as among the best lawyers in the country for Corporate/M&A and he was highlighted by clients for being “very responsive and thoughtful,” while Chambers Global mentioned he is “always offering a practical approach to solving problems, and has excellent domain experience.” He was chosen by Law360 as a 2017 MVP for being “at the forefront of some of the biggest transactions in the past year.” He was also recognized in the 2009–2010 and 2013–2019 editions of The Legal 500 U.S.
Sarkis is a member of the Board of Trustees and Secretary of Carnegie Hall, which is dedicated to presenting extraordinary music to the widest possible audience with performances, educational programs and the cultivation of new artists. Sarkis received his J.D. from Columbia Law School and his B.A. from Columbia College.
Savaria Harris is an experienced litigator with trials in state and federal courts as well as with government and internal investigations in the white collar context.
She is experienced in government and internal investigations, ethics and compliance training, as well as litigation and trial representation. Her practice centers on providing clients with an integrated approach to addressing fraud, anti-bribery and anti-corruption issues under the False Claims Act, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and their equivalents.
In addition to her practice, Savaria is a frequent lecturer on workplace ethics, internal investigations and compliance. Savaria is an adjunct professor of Workplace Ethics at Georgetown University and a faculty member for the Practicing Law Institute, the American Conference Institute and The TRACE Anti-Bribery Specialist Accreditation program. She is also a member of the Advisory Council for the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, the NYU Program on Corporate Compliance and Enforcement, and the National Employment Law Council. Finally, she is the author of an interactive video game "A Day In Your Shoes" for healthcare system clients to provide scenario-based training to physicians on the False Claims Act, Stark Act and Anti-Kickback Act laws.
Georgetown University Law Center J.D.
Yale University B.A.
District of Columbia
Ting S. Chen is a partner in Cravath’s Corporate Department. Her practice focuses on mergers and acquisitions, corporate governance and activism and takeover defense.
Ms. Chen’s clients have included Avon, BDT Capital Partners, British American Tobacco, DHT, DreamWorks Animation, Goldman Sachs, Honeywell, IBM, Illumina, InterMune, JPMorgan Chase, Kraft, Lundbeck, OneBeacon Insurance, Pitney Bowes, Qualcomm, Starbucks, The Washington Post, White Mountains Insurance and Zale Corporation.
Ms. Chen has been recognized for her work in mergers and acquisitions by The Legal 500 and IFLR1000. In 2019, she was included in Crain’s New York Business’s list of “Notable Women in Law.” In 2017 and 2018, Ms. Chen was named a “Next Generation Lawyer” in the media and entertainment arena by The Legal 500. In 2015, Ms. Chen was named a “Rising Star” by Law360, recognizing her as one of eight outstanding merger and acquisition lawyers in the nation under the age of 40.
Ms. Chen was born in Taipei, Taiwan. She received an A.B. summa cum laude from Harvard University in 2003, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and a J.D. from Stanford Law School in 2006. Ms. Chen joined Cravath in 2006 and became a partner in 2014.
Damara is a partner in the Washington D.C. office of Vinson & Elkins and leads the firm’s National Security and International Trade practice. She advises clients on cross-border investment and national security matters, including national security reviews by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) and Team Telecom, the mitigation of foreign ownership, control or influence (FOCI) for U.S. companies with security clearances, and the application of international trade controls, including export controls and economic sanctions.
Damara is recognized in Chambers USA and Chambers Global (2020) for her extensive experience advising clients before CFIUS and advising companies regarding the mitigation of FOCI, obtaining facility security clearances, and other compliance matters involving national industrial security regulations administered by the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (DCSA) (formerly the Defense Security Service (DSS), the Department of Energy and other cognizant agencies. She has been involved in negotiating some of the most significant national security agreements with the U.S. government and has represented clients on a variety of landmark CFIUS and FOCI matters, including Takata in the $1.6 billion acquisition of its assets out of bankruptcy by Ningbo Joyson Key Safety Systems, Midea Group in its $5 billion takeover of KUKA AG, GLOBALFOUNDRIES in its acquisition of IBM’s semiconductor manufacturing division, Stanley, Inc. in its $1 billion acquisition by CGI Group, Temasek Holdings in its multi-billion dollar investment in Merrill Lynch, and The Carlyle Group in its $1.9 billion sale of Standard Aero and Landmark Aviation to Dubai Aerospace Enterprise.
In her international trade controls practice, Damara has advised a diverse group of U.S. and non-U.S. companies on export classification, licensing, compliance and enforcement matters involving U.S. export controls and economic sanctions administered by the U.S. Departments of State, Commerce, and Energy, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), as well as import and licensing requirements administered by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. She also frequently advises on trade control issues in mergers, acquisitions, and divestitures. She has advised trade controls clients in a diverse group of industries, including aerospace, automotive, cybersecurity, defense, education, energy, engineering, import/export, manufacturing, services and software.
Mr. Miller is a Vice Chairman in JPMorgan’s Mergers and Acquisitions Group, having joined the firm in October 2007 after spending 20 years at Credit Suisse. Prior to his current position, he was Head of Mergers and Acquisitions for North America and Head of the Financial Sponsor Mergers and Acquisitions effort at Credit Suisse. Other managerial roles included co-heading the Credit Suisse Global Energy Group.
Mr. Miller has more than 30 years of experience in all aspects of financial advisory services. He has advised both domestic and international clients across multiple industries, on a broad variety of assignments including mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, proxy contests, hostile transactions, shareholder activism and defense preparations including ongoing communication strategy, special committee assignments, and debt and equity capital raisings. Prior to banking, he worked as a Certified Public Accountant. He is member of the board of the Indiana University Foundation, a Dean’s Advisory Council Member for the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University; and a former Trustee at the University of Chicago. He is a Trustee for the Studio Museum in Harlem where he serves as treasurer. In addition, he sits on the board of directors for the Gordon A. Rich Foundation, which provides college scholarships for worthy high school students.
Mr. Mills is a partner in Davis Polk’s Mergers and Acquisitions Group, advising on domestic and cross-border transactions for public and private companies across all industries. He also advises on stockholder activism, corporate governance, fiduciary duties and takeover defense.
Mr. Mills is recognized for his work in the legal industry:
He is consistently recognized as a leading M&A lawyer in several legal industry publications, including:
Christopher E. Austin is a partner at Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, currently based in the New York office. His practice focuses primarily on public and private mergers and acquisitions. He also provides advice regarding corporate governance matters and fiduciary duties of officers and directors to corporations and their boards.
Mr. Austin is recognized as one of the country’s best corporate lawyers by Chambers Global, Chambers USA, IFLR 1000: The Guide to the World’s Leading Law Firms and The Legal 500 U.S., and as one of the leading mergers and acquisitions lawyers in Euromoney’s Guide to the World’s Leading Mergers and Acquisitions Lawyers and The Best Lawyers in America.
Mr. Austin received a J.D. degree from New York University in 1983, where he was senior editor of the Law Review. He received an undergraduate degree from Tulane University. He joined the firm in 1983 and became a partner in 1992. From 1993 to 1998 he was resident in the Hong Kong office.
Nicholas P. Panos is a Senior Special Counsel in the Office of Mergers and Acquisitions at the SEC’s Division of Corporation Finance in Washington, D.C. His responsibilities include administering and interpreting the Williams Act and corresponding SEC regulations governing international and hostile business combinations, proxy contests for corporate control and management buyouts. His SEC career began in the Division of Enforcement where he worked on matters relating to insider trading, front running by investment advisors, and full disclosure in municipal finance offerings. Mr. Panos is a contributing author to an SEC Interpretive Release issued in July, 2000 on tender offers for limited partnerships and tender offers subject only to §14(e) and Regulation 14E. In response to the financial crisis that emerged in 2008, Mr. Panos helped develop a short sale disclosure system and engineered the 2009 exemptive relief needed to assist General Motors’ attempt to buyback $28 billion in publicly held debt. Mr. Panos also was credited for authoring: proposed reforms to the SEC proxy solicitation rules in 2009; the re-adoption of the beneficial ownership rules in 2011; and, in 2015, the proposed proxy and information statement disclosure provisions on hedging by employees, officers and directors.
Mr. Panos graduated from Colgate University with a B.A. in Economics and obtained his law degree from the University of Denver where he was a member of the Law Review and earned a research credit in a West Publishing textbook on administrative law. He currently serves as an adjunct professor of law at Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C. He is a member of the Massachusetts Bar Association and also holds a MBA degree from Columbia University Graduate School of Business in New York City.
Peter M. Anderson is a Senior Counsel at International Business Machines Corporation where his focus is M&A (acquisitions and divestitures), alliance and First-of-a-Kind transactions. Prior to joining IBM, Mr. Anderson was Associate IP Counsel at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an associate in the New York and Washington, D.C. offices of Milbank, Tweed Hadley & McCloy, LLP. Mr. Anderson is a graduate of the State University of New York at Stony Brook with a degree in English and Mathematics. He received his J.D. from Brooklyn Law School, where he was a fellow at the Center for the Study of International Business Law, and an LL.M. in International Trade Regulation from New York University School of Law.
Stephan is the co-head of Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) for the Americas and is a member of the Americas Operating Committee of the Investment Banking Division. He also serves as the chairman of the Global Fairness Committee. Previously, Stephan was a senior member of the Consumer Retail Group and served various leadership roles in Global Natural Resources and Financial Sponsors, where he was head of the Financial Sponsors Execution group. Stephan joined Goldman Sachs as an associate in the M&A Department in 1997. He became a vice president in 2001, was named managing director in 2005 and partner in 2008.
Prior to joining the firm, Stephan worked for the General Electric Company and McKinsey & Company.
Stephan earned a BS in 1992 and an MS in 1993 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He earned an MBA from the Harvard University Graduate School of Business Administration in 1997.