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Doing Business in and with Emerging Markets 2015


Speaker(s): Alan V. Kartashkin, Amadeu Ribeiro, Armando Rivera Jacobo, Carlos Alexandre Lobo, Erich O. Grosz, Jaime Herrera, Jeff Zhang, Jie Chen, John Du, Kenneth W. Hansen, Kirtee Kapoor, Mara E. Topping, Maurizio Levi-Minzi, Michael Yap, Stephen R. Heifetz, William E. Markstein, Yong (Alex) Hao
Recorded on: Jul. 9, 2015
PLI Program #: 58526

Carlos Lobo is a partner with the Firm and focuses his practice on mergers and acquisitions (M&A), private equity investments and capital markets.  He offers clients nearly two decades of expertise in handling complex M&A transactions and more than 11 years of advising capital market and private equity clients on the issues that could affect their business.

Mr. Lobo has represented companies across a broad spectrum of industries including oil & gas, mining, agribusiness, energy, real estate, retail, telecom, technology and financial services.  He is also accomplished in handling transactions for numerous infrastructure and logistics clients. Mr. Lobo also routinely provides advice to issuers and underwriters in IPOs, follow-ons, issuance of debt instruments in the international and domestic capital markets, fund formation, mergers & acquisitions, tender offers and private equity investments.

Internationally experienced, Mr. Lobo also brings unique knowledge gained from his time working in the New York office of Shearman & Sterling, one of the leading US-based law firms.


Alan Kartashkin is a partner based in the Moscow office. His practice focuses on M&A, securities and corporate finance.

Mr. Kartashkin is recommended as one of the leading lawyers for M&A, capital markets and aviation matters in Russia by Chambers and Vedomosti: Best Lawyers. He is also included in Legal Media Group’s Guide to the World’s Leading Aviation Lawyers. In Chambers Global (2013), Mr. Kartashkin is cited as “an excellent lawyer in the sphere of cross-border M&A.” and in Chambers Europe (2013), he is described as a “multi-talented corporate and finance lawyer" where clients note “he has a sharp, analytical mind” and “is a fantastic representative of the firm”.

Mr. Kartashkin advises boards of directors and special committees of independent directors of leading Russian companies on corporate governance issues. He has led some of the largest public M&A transactions in Russia, including the mergers of Uralkali with Silvinit and RTS with MICEX. Mr. Kartashkin has represented major Russian enterprises in public equity and debt offerings in the international capital markets, including premium listings on the London Stock Exchange, as well as in a diverse range of financing transactions.

Mr. Kartashkin’s publications include “Russian Sanctions: Six Things Every GP Should Know,” Private Funds Management (December 2014), “Buyback Of Russian Equities Through Tender Offers,” CEE Legal Matters (December 2014), “United States Expands Sanctions on Russia, Introduces Limited Sectoral Sanctions against Russian Companies,” Pratt’s Energy Law Report (October 2014), “News from the BRICs: Bringing Money and Data Back to Russia,” FCPA Update (July 2014, Vol. 5, No. 12), “Capital Resources,” Mining Journal (September 2013) and “How Russia joining the World Trade Organization affects aviation,” Corporate Jet Investor (November 2012).

Mr. Kartashkin received his J.D. from Cornell Law School in 1996, and a law degree with honors from the Moscow State Institute for International Relations in 1993. He is a member of the New York State Bar and is admitted to practice law in Russia.


Jaime Herrera is a founding partner of Posse Herrera Ruiz. He heads the Mergers and Acquisitions and Corporate Law practice groups of the firm and co-heads the Natural Resources and Energy practice group. His practice focuses on M&As, Infrastructure, Natural Resources and Energy Law (oil and gas, electricity and biofuels).

Jaime advices clients on corporate expansion, investment strategies, complex local and international financings, and M&A in various sectors of the economy.

He received a Degree in Intellectual Property Law from Queen Mary College of the University of London, and a JD from Universidad Javeriana. He speaks Spanish and English.

Recent Transactions:

  • Legal advisor to Compañía Cervecerías Unidas S.A., in its strategic alliance with Postobón S.A. in the joint operation for the manufacturing, commercialization and distribution of beer and malt based beverages in Colombia, and for the import, production and distribution of Heineken products in Colombia.
  • Legal advisor to AXA S.A., in the acquisition, through one of its subsidiaries, of 51% of Seguros Colpatria S.A., Seguros de Vida Colpatria S.A., Capitalizadora Colpatria S.A. and Colpatria Medicina Prepagada S.A.
  • Legal advisor to Corpbanca in the acquisition of Banco Santander and its subsidiaries in Colombia.
  • Legal advisor to Grupo Bolivar in the co-investement with Grupo Sura in the acquisition of the AFP pension funds of ING in Latinamerica.
  • Legal advisors to CFR International SpA in connection with the acquisition of Lafrancol.
  • Legal advisors to e ConSalfa S.A.S., a joint venture in Colombia of Constructora ConConcreto S.A.(Colombia) y Salfa Corp. S.A. (Chile), in the acquisition  for US$32 million of 80% of Intercoastal Marine Inc., a family enterprise.
  • Legal advisor to Organizacion Terpel S.A., Proenergia Internacional S.A., Sociedad de Inversiones de Energia S.A., and Terpel del Centro de S.A. in their merger.
  • Legal advisor to Compañía de Petróleos de Chile COPEC S.A. in the acquisition of an indirect controlling stake in Organización Terpel S.A., and the listing of the company in the Bolsa de Valores de Colombia.
  • Legal advisor to Gasco, in the structuring, negotiation and acquisition of various liquid natural gas (LNG) companies in Colombia.


Kenneth Hansen’s practice involves representing bilateral, multilateral and commercial lenders as well as project developers in structuring, negotiating and implementing domestic and international project financings, particularly in the energy sector.  He leads Chadbourne’s extensive practice in connection with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Loan Guarantee Programs for innovative and alternative energy projects. His sectoral experience ranges from power generation, transmission and distribution projects to oil and gas, transportation, and telecommunications infrastructure projects, as well as a range of industrial and commercial projects. Mr. Hansen is also experienced in debt work-outs and the settlement of investment disputes, including political risk insurance claims. 

Representative Matters

  • Represented the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF), Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden N.V. (FMO) and Banco Internacional del Perú S.A.A. (CAF) in their $140 million project financing of Maple Energy's $254 million ethanol production facility with an associated 37 MW power plant and sugar plantation.
  • Represented Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) in:
    • the restructuring of the Dabhol Power Project (India) and in related political risk insurance claims;
    • the development of a guaranty against devaluation risk for $300 million in project bonds for the AES Tiete Hydropower Projects (Brazil);
    • settlement of the Alliant Kyiv expropriation claim against the Government of Ukraine pursuant to which OPIC recently reopened its investment-promotion programs in Ukraine; and
    • the updating of its form of political risk insurance contract for equity investors.
  • Represented the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in connection with:
    • the development of a "guarantor-of-record” political risk guaranty which supported financing for the Phu My 2.2 power project (Vietnam); and
    • political risk guaranties provided jointly with the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) to support financing for the Phu My 3.0 power plant (also in Vietnam); and
    • the formation of its standard partial (political) risk guaranty.
  • Represented Interconexión Eléctrica S.A. E.S.P. in:
    • its successful bid to purchase in a privatization the controlling interest in Companhia de Transmiss o de Energia Eletrica Paulista SA (CTEEP), the São Paulo state power transmission company, Brazil’s second-largest power transmission company, and in a related interim financing package and its replacement with a $554 Rule 144A/Regulation S offering; and
    • the financing by the IDB and CAF of an expansion of the electrical transmission system in Bolivia.
  • Represented Endesa (Chile) in the monoline-insured bond financing of two toll roads, Autopista del Sol S.A. and Autopista Los Libertadores (Chile).

Honors

Mr. Hansen has been recognized as a leading lawyer by Chambers Global, Chambers USA, The Legal 500, The Best Lawyers in America and PLC Which Lawyer. Mr. Hansen is also the 2011-2012 recipient of the Charles Fahy Distinguished Adjunct Professor Award for the Graduate Program at Georgetown University Law Center.

Activities and Affiliations

  • Member: American Bar Association; American Society of International Law; Washington Foreign Law Society (president, 2004-2005) 
  • Adjunct Professor, Georgetown University Law Center, 1991-present 
  • Professorial Lecturer, the School of Advanced International Studies at The Johns Hopkins University, 2000-present

Education

Harvard University, B.A., cum laude, 1974

Yale University, M.A., 1976

Harvard University, M.P.A., 1979

University of Pennsylvania Law School, J.D., cum laude, 1983

Professional Background

Associate General Counsel for Investment, Assistant General Counsel, Senior Commercial Counsel and Counsel, Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), 1986-1995 

General Counsel, U.S. Export-Import Bank, 1995-1999


Maurizio Levi-Minzi has over 20 years of experience advising clients in international mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures and infrastructure projects and co-leads the firm’s Latin America Practice Group. Maurizio has led transactions in Latin America and Europe for private equity groups and strategic investors including: Ambev, Barrick, Brookfield, Clessidra, GP Investments and Mitsui. Maurizio is ranked as a leading lawyer for mergers and acquisitions in Latin America by Chambers Latin America with sources saying he is a “very skilled negotiator and a pleasure to work with.”

In 2016, Maurizio led a panel discussing investments in distressed companies at the Latin Lawyer Private Equity Conference in New York. Maurizio co-chairs the program “Doing Business in and with Emerging Markets (2016)” of the Practising Law Institute and is also an adjunct professor at New York University, where he teaches cross-border M&A. In 2015, he spoke at the Biennial IBA Latin American Regional Forum on the topic of private equity investments in Latin America. In 2014, Maurizio spoke at the annual conference of the IBA in Tokyo on the topic of cross-border M&A transactions between Asian and Latin American companies.

Maurizio is a 1993 graduate of the University of Pennsylvania Law School and holds an M.B.A. in Finance from Golden Gate University. Prior to joining the firm, he was a banker with NMB Bank (ING Bank) in New York. Maurizio is fluent in Italian and Spanish and reads Portuguese.


Mr. John Du is a partner of Jun He Law Offices. Mr. Du joined Jun He in 2001 and practices in our New York office.

Practice Areas
Mr. Du focuses on US-China cross-border transactions, direct foreign investment in China, US business and corporate law, and commercial litigation.

Professional Experience
Mr. Du has represented both Chinese companies involving with business in the US as well as US companies involved with business in China. Mr. Du has participated in complex project financing involving China and international financial institutions and has provided legal advice for Chinese loan facilities applying New York law. He has also represented a number of US-based, global multinational companies in their investment and in the re-organization of their operations in China.

Mr. Du has extensive experience in representing high-tech companies in venture capital financing and in the protection of intellectual property. He has also successfully represented trading companies in trade litigations in both federal and state courts in New York .

Prior to joining Jun He in December 2001, Mr. Du engaged in a solo practice in Midtown Manhattan and counseled corporate and individual clients in the areas of corporate structure, business financing and protection of intellectual property.

Mr. Du started his legal career in 1994 as a law clerk for a New York-based, medium-size law firm specialized in entertainment law and commercial transactions. He worked full-time throughout the year and went to law school in the evening. He accumulated valuable hands-on experience in the areas of corporate organization and re-organization, copyright and trademark, as well as commercial litigation.

Education
BA in English, Beijing Institute of International Relations, 1988
MBA, Baruch College, City University of New York, 1994
JD, New York Law School, 1998

Professional Associations
Member, New York and New Jersey State Bar Associations
Member, American Bar Association

Language Skills
Fluent in English and Mandarin


Ms. Chen is a partner of Jun He Law Offices.

Practice Areas
M&A, Corporate & Cross-border Transactions

Professional Experience
Since joining Jun He in 1994, Ms. Chen has represented a wide range of both international companies and Chinese domestic enterprises and provided comprehensive professional services in mergers and acquisitions, foreign investments, financings and joint ventures. Ms. Chen has extensive legal experience in advising international clients for their various investment ventures and complex corporate transactions in China in a broad range of corporate matters in strategic restructuring, acquisitions, incorporation and various related matters such as licensing, share transactions, dissolution and liquidation, employment, foreign exchange and taxation. Ms. Chen represents Chinese companies in numerous inbound M&A transactions and outbound investments in various countries in the world.

Ms. Chen ever worked at a major Silicon Valley based law firm for one year in 2005 where she focused on venture financings and mergers and acquisitions for technology companies and venture funds.

Ms. Chen is a frequent speaker at seminars and conferences held in the U.S. on China related legal and business topics.

Education
Columbia University School of Law, New York, NY, U.S.A., LL.M.
FuDan University School of Law, Shanghai, China, LL.B.
TongJi University, Shanghai, China, B.S.

Professional Associations
Admitted to practice law in China and the State of New York, U.S.A.

Language Skills
Fluent in English.
Native Speaker of Mandarin.


Stephen Heifetz is a partner in Steptoe’s Washington office, where he helps clients navigate laws and policies at the nexus of international business and security.  He has worked in senior levels of the federal government and uses that experience to provide counseling regarding legal compliance and political risk, conduct internal investigations, and defend against government investigations and enforcement actions.  He is particularly experienced in the following areas:

  • Foreign investment reviews by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)
  • The Defense Department’s National Industrial Security Program (NISPOM) and its Foreign Ownership and Influence (FOCI) rules
  • Anti-money laundering laws administered by the Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), bank regulatory agencies, and other financial regulators
  • Economic sanctions administered by the Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) and by the United Nations Security Council
  • Cargo and passenger screening rules administered by DHS’s Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agencies
  • Anti-corruption laws (e.g., the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act) enforced by the Department of Justice and the Securities and Exchange Commission
  • Security rules related to visa processing, administered by the Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs in conjunction with an array of US security agencies
  • Private sector interface with the US intelligence and security establishments

Prior to joining Steptoe, Mr. Heifetz served in the Department of Justice and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), as well as the Central Intelligence Agency.  In his most recent government position, he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary for the Office of Policy Development at DHS.  Mr. Heifetz shaped DHS’s role in CFIUS, conducted hundreds of CFIUS reviews, and negotiated many “risk mitigation agreements” that CFIUS deemed necessary to approve foreign investments.  He also worked with DHS’s agencies – including the Transportation Security Administration, Customs and Border Protection, and Immigration and Customs Enforcement – to develop policy on a range of issues. 

Mr. Heifetz has served on the Board of Directors of the International Stability Operations Association and as a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations.  He also has served as an adjunct professor at Georgetown law school and has published extensively in trade journals, law reviews, and newspapers, including The New York Times and The Washington Post. 

Select Speaking Engagements & Publications

CFIUS and Chinese Investment, US-China Business Council, March 18, 2015

CFIUS Reviews, Canadian Bar Association, June 10, 2014

CFIUS 2013 Annual Report: Sustained Increase in Investigations
March 12, 2015

Navigating Joint CFIUS and DSS Jurisdiction
March 3, 2015

Ralls May Give Foreign Investors More Leverage With CFIUS
December 11, 2014, Law360


Yong (Alex) Hao is a partner at JunHe’s New York office and a member of the firm’s Strategy Committee. Alex has been practicing law in New York since 2003.

Alex has significant experience in corporate, M&A, finance and FDI matters involving China. He also advises US clients on complying with China’s rapidly developing laws in areas such as anti-bribery, anti-monopoly, labor and employment, and national security. In addition, Alex acts as outside general counsel for many Chinese clients doing business in the U.S. (including some of China’s largest developers, banks and manufacturers) and links them with U.S. lawyers and other professionals.

Clients report that “Alex has superb instincts, utmost discretion, a keen judgment, a unique ability to de-mystify the complex, and a phenomenal ability to bring in all the expertise that is needed, but never more than what's needed.” Because “he's always exactly where you need him, when you need him” and “extremely creative and responsive”, clients “would recommend Alex in a heartbeat" and “just can't imagine doing anything legal in China without his counsel.”

Alex frequently speaks and writes on China-related legal and business issues, and has been interviewed by leading Chinese and U.S. media. He is an adjunct professor at Fudan University’s Fanhai International School of Finance in Shanghai, and co-chairs Practising Law Institute’s annual seminar on Doing Business in and with Emerging Markets in New York. Alex reads history avidly, studies Spanish and German, and travels the continents.

Education

  • J.D., Northwestern University School of Law
  • LL.B., summa cum laude, Peking University

Professional Associations

New York State Bar Association; American Bar Association


Amadeu’s practice focuses on complex antitrust matters, including merger review cases, government investigations, antitrust litigation, and general antitrust counseling. He is a member of the Council of the American Bar Association – Antitrust Law Section, and a member of the Brazilian Institute for the Study of Competition, Consumer Affairs, and International Trade (IBRAC).

Education

  • Bachelor of Laws, Universidade de São Paulo
  • Doctor of Laws, Universidade de São Paulo

Awards and Recognitions

  • Chambers Latin America – Competition & Antitrust (2011 – 2016)
  • LACCA Approved – Antitrust (2015 – 2016)
  • Who’s Who Legal: Brazil – Competition and Transport (2015)


Bill is Senior Vice President and Deputy General Counsel at Trammo, Inc. Trammo is a global merchandising and trading group that markets, trades, distributes and transports fertilizers, anhydrous ammonia and other commodities, including liquefied petroleum gases (LPG), sulfuric acid, sulfur, petroleum coke and coal. Trammo is a global company employing over 350 individuals of more than 20 different nationalities in 28 locations worldwide, including offices in Switzerland, France, Brazil, Peru, Russia, Singapore, Thailand and China.  Bill handles a variety of cross-border matters, including international investments and joint ventures, bank, trade and project financing, international trade and its regulation and product purchase and sale contracts (both physical and derivative).  He serves as the Chairman of the Company’s Investment Committee and a member of its Risk Steering Committee.

Bill received his J.D., cum laude, from the University of Pennsylvania Law School in 1993, where he was a member of the Law Review.  He received an LL.M in taxation in 2001 from New York University School of Law. He received his undergraduate degree in Quantitative Economics, summa cum laude, from Tufts University in 1988, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.   He clerked on the Delaware Chancery Court in 1993-94 and practiced with Arnold & Porter and Bingham & McCutchen prior to joining Trammo in 2003.


Mr. Kapoor is a partner in Davis Polk’s Corporate Department in the Menlo Park and New York offices. He advises on U.S. and cross-border M&A, and represents clients in investments, exits and joint ventures around the world in both public and private companies. He has extensive experience working on deals in the United States, China, India and Hong Kong, among other countries. Mr. Kapoor’s deal and advisory experience also includes credit, capital markets, real estate, insolvency and restructuring, investment funds, litigation/arbitration and corporate governance. He also leads Davis Polk’s India practice. He is recognized as a leading lawyer in various legal industry publications, including Chambers Global, Chambers Asia-Pacific and IFLR1000.

Mr. Kapoor joined Davis Polk in 1999 and became a partner in 2007.  He received his LL.B. from the University of Delhi Faculty of Law in 1977; B.C.L. from Balliol College, University of Oxford in 1998; and LL.M. from New York University School of Law in 1999.


Ms. Topping is a member of White & Case's Capital Markets practice group and concentrates on domestic and international private equity investment funds, venture capital funds and hedge funds.

Ms. Topping has extensive experience in the formation, structuring and issuance of securities by private equity investment vehicles. She has represented investment managers, sponsors and investors, including high-net-worth individuals as well as banks and other institutional investors including international and development financial institutions. She has extensive experience with the formation and organization of joint ventures, investment companies, private equity funds, real estate funds and asset management companies, both restricted and open-ended. Significant recent private equity vehicles that Ms. Topping has formed include vehicles targeting investments particularly in Africa, the Middle East, East Asia, South Asia (both India and Pakistan) and Latin America, as well as several vehicles with a global or sector-specific focus. Private equity vehicles for which Ms. Topping has provided legal representation include those targeted at the microcap, smallcap, and midcap sectors, the acquisition of distressed assets, investments in financial institutions, infrastructure, sustainable technologies, biodiversity sectors, expansions, reconstructions or reorganizations (including privatizations), management buy-ins and investments that combine both financial and social/developmental returns.

Ms. Topping also has extensive experience structuring investment funds that include one or more debt tranches at the fund level. In particular, Ms. Topping has structured funds that incorporate debt financing from the US Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the Inter-American Development Bank and other development financial institutions as well as debt financing from private commercial banks.

Ms. Topping also has extensive experience with the formation and organization of hedge funds, with and without sidecars, venture capital funds and funds of funds.

Ms. Topping is the recipient of two Fulbright Scholarships.

Professional Associations

New York State Bar Association
Washington, DC Bar Association

Bars and Courts

District of Columbia Bar, 2000

New York State Bar, 1999

Education

JD, Georgetown University Law Center, 1998

PhD, University of Chicago, 1991

BA, Cornell University, cum laude, 1980

Languages

English

Fijian

Citizenship

United States


Armando Rivera Jacobo is a counsel based in the New York office. Mr. Rivera is a member of the firm’s Corporate Department and Finance Group. He focuses on financing transactions both in the United States and internationally, including project financings, leveraged acquisition and other secured financings and structured financings. Mr. Rivera also actively participates in infrastructure development and strategic transactions, including mergers and acquisitions and joint ventures, both in the United States and internationally, primarily in Latin America.

Mr. Rivera joined the firm in 2004. He received LL.M. degrees from Columbia Law School in 2007 and Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Faculty of Laws in 2003 (LL.M. paper: The Societas Europaea: Enhancement of the Freedom of Establishment of Companies?). He received an Abogado degree from Escuela Libre de Derecho in 2001 (thesis: Propuesta de un nuevo régimen legal de la energía eléctrica (Proposal for a new legal framework for electric power)). Prior to coming to the firm, Mr. Rivera worked as an associate at Galicia y Robles, S.C. (currently Galicia Abogados, S.C.) in Mexico City. During his time at Galicia y Robles, S.C., as part of his project finance practice, Armando represented sponsors and lenders in the development, construction, financing and operation of natural gas transportation systems and natural gas fired combined cycle power plants, under self-supply and independent power production schemes, and the related transmission facilities. At Debevoise, Armando has expanded his project finance practice beyond energy to include other infrastructure sectors such as toll roads and mining and to the representation of financial guarantors.

Mr. Rivera is co-author of a number of articles that have appeared in project finance-related publications including: the New York State chapter of “Project Finance 2015,” Getting the Deal Through (September 2014), co-authored with partner Ivan E. Mattei; “Diversity, Key in Brazil,” Project Finance International's Global Renewables Report 2011 (May 2011); and “Pennsylvania: Swing State,” International Financial Law Review (August 2008). He is also a contributing editor for “Public Private Partnerships 2015,” Getting the Deal Through (November 2014), and co-author of the United States chapter of that publication.

Mr. Rivera is a member of the Bar of the State of New York and is qualified to practice law in Mexico. He is a native Spanish speaker and fluent in English.


Jingsong (Jeff) Zhang is the Head of Legal and Chief Compliance Officer of CITIC Securities International USA, LLC, overseeing legal and compliance matters for CITIC Securities (CITICS) businesses in the US, with a focus on CITICS’ own strategic M&A transactions and CITICS’ clients’ outbound M&A mandates.

Prior to joining CITICS, Jeff worked as a transaction lawyer at Linklaters and then Skadden Arps, executing M&A and capital markets transactions in their New York, Hong Kong, Beijing and Shanghai offices. Some highlights of Jeff’s cross-border transactional experiences include representing Citigroup on the $3.06 billion consortium acquisition of Guangdong Development Bank in 2006, representing CITIC Group and General Electric in the tender offer and privatization transactions of Asia Satellite in 2007, representing CITIC Securities on the proposed $2 billion cross investment with Bear Stearns in 2008, and representing ICBC in its $6.8 rights issuance in 2011. Jeff holds a Juris Doctor degree from Duke University, an LL.M. degree from CWRU, an LL.B. degree from China University of Political Science and Law, and completed his coursework at Fudan University's LLM program. Jeff is currently an EMBA candidate at the Kellogg School of Management of Northwestern University. Jeff is duly licensed to practice law in both China and the State of New York, USA.


Michael Yap is the Chief Legal Officer of Prudential’s International Investments business. In this role, he manages the legal support for Prudential’s mutual fund and investment management operations in Asia, Latin America and Europe. He is also the legal advisor for the global client relations and advisory team for Prudential’s largest institutional investment clients. Mr. Yap was previously a Vice President and Corporate Counsel in Prudential’s global real estate investment manager, Prudential Real Estate Investors, one of the largest in the industry. He served as counsel to the unit's global offices, strategic joint ventures, new initiatives and securities trading team.

He is a member of Prudential’s Anti Corruption Advisory Committee, which provides guidance on enterprise-wide activities. He also serves on the Diversity Steering Committee, which develops diversity and inclusion initiatives for Prudential’s law and compliance division.

He is a board member of America Needs You, New Jersey and the Association of Corporate Counsel, New Jersey, serving as a co-chair of the International Law and Career Development Committees. He is a member of the Advisory Council and a former board member of the Asian American Bar Association of New York.


Erich Grosz is a counsel with Debevoise & Plimpton LLP whose practice focuses on white collar criminal defense, internal investigations, compliance advice, and complex commercial litigation.  He has represented companies and individuals in criminal, civil, and SEC investigations and enforcement proceedings involving allegations, among others, of violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, securities and accounting fraud, and employee misconduct.  He also regularly advises companies on compliance risks, policies, and procedures.  Mr. Grosz is also the co-managing editor of FCPA Update, the firm's monthly newsletter addressing developments in anti-corruption law enforcement and related compliance topics.  Prior to joining the firm, Mr. Grosz served as a law clerk to the Honorable Alvin K. Hellerstein, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, and to the Honorable Chester J. Straub, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.