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International Employment Law 2015

Speaker(s): Anders Etgen Reitz, Baba M. Zipkin, Bettina Bender, Catherine LaChapelle, Dirk Jan Rutgers, Donald C. Dowling, Jr., Dr. Gerlind Wisskirchen, Edward C. O'Callaghan, Erika C. Collins, Gary R. Siniscalco, Hironobu Tsukamoto, Joanna (Jodi) Varon, Johan Lubbe, John W. Hamlin, Kenneth G. Yormark, Louise Patry, Mercedes Balado Bevilacqua, Nicola Rabson, Orrie Dinstein, Philip M. Berkowitz, Sean McKessy , Shalini Agarwal, Timon Grau, Wendi S. Lazar, Xiaolin Zhou
Recorded on: Jun. 29, 2015
PLI Program #: 58949

Anders Etgen Reitz is a partner of IUNO and is recognized as one of Denmark’s leading employment lawyers. He is a specialist in international employment law and advises leading multinationals on conducting business in the Nordic region and around the globe.

Anders has acted in numerous cases regarding among others:

  • Incentive and stock option plans
  • Restrictive covenant infringements
  • Cross- border transactions
  • Mergers
  • Restructurings
  • Immigration issues
  • Data protection

He advises clients from a broad range of industrial sectors including inter alia: information technology, consultancy, transport, financial services, telecommunications, life science and media.

Professional and Community Affiliations

  • Vice-Chair, Communications, Global Employment Institute (GEI), International Bar Association (IBA)
  • Past Co-Chair, Discrimination and Equality Law Committee, International Bar Association (IBA)
  • Past Co-Chair, International Employment Law Committee, American Bar Association (ABA
  • Employment Law Committee, Danish Bar Association (Danske Advokater)
  • International Committee, Danish Bar Association (Danske Advokater)


Dirk Jan Rutgers, co-founder and partner of Rutgers & Posch in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, is an employment law and health law specialist. National and international clients regularly seek his strategic advice in complex employment law proceedings concerning, for example, mergers, reorganisations, and dismissals. He also has a wealth of experience with cross-border disputes, equal treatment, flexible employment relations and privacy.

Furthermore, Dirk Jan advises healthcare institutions on a broad variety of issues, specialising in the collaboration between health care institutions and the relationship between medical specialists and management.

Dirk Jan often lectures at universities and other educational institutions. He also publishes articles in his areas of expertise on a regular basis. He is a member of the Dutch Associations for Employment Law and Health Law.

He is immediate past chair of the Discrimination Law Committee and vice chair of the Global Employment Institute of the International Bar Association, in which connection he frequently speaks at international conferences. Dirk Jan has worked at law firms in New York and Washington DC.

Chambers Europe 2012 writes "Clients note Dirk Jan Rutgers' no-nonsense, solution-driven style", adding: "He is a brilliant litigator, he's sharp and I have a great deal of respect for him". Legal 500 2012 mentions that "Dirk Jan Rutgers brings humour, persistence and quality delivery in everything he does".

Chambers Europe 2013: 'Dirk Jan Rutgers recently joined newly-established boutique Rutgers & Posch from DLA Piper. He moves up the rankings thanks to excellent client feedback and increased market visibility, with one source noting: "He works day and night, knows our company inside out and is highly committed."'

The Dutch boutique Rutgers & Posch was chosen "Benelux law firm of the year” at The Lawyer European Awards 2015.

MBB Balado Bevilacqua Abogados was founded by Mercedes Balado Bevilacqua, who graduated with honors from Universidad de Buenos Aires and holds a Master´s Degree in Law (LL.M) from University of Connecticut, School of Law, U.S.A. 

She has over 17 years´ experience in business consulting focused on employment, social security, corporate management and human resources, both nationally and internationally.

In addition to her specialization in Labor Law, Mercedes has been part of the team of lawyers of the National Treasury Prosecutor's Office, representing Argentina against foreign investors’ claims before the International Centre of Settlements for Investment Disputes (ICSID), an agency of the World Bank. Therefore, Mercedes also has experience in matters of both local and international arbitration, which contributes to the provision of complete legal advice and to the understanding of foreign clients’ needs.

Mercedes has been featured among the leading lawyers in her practice area by Legal 500 Latin America for 2013 and 2014, Chambers & Partners for the years 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015 and Who’s Who Legal 2015.

The formation of the firm was recognized by Latin Lawyer magazine as a notable development in the Argentine legal market (Article: “2013: A year in review” by Rosie Creswell and Lulu Rumsey in Latin Lawyer Vol.12, Issue No.10, of January 9, 2014).

Member of the Committee on Employment and Discrimination and Newsletter Editor of the Labor and Employment Committee of the International Bar Association (IBA), member of the Human Resources Committee of Argentine-French Chamber of Commerce, Mariannes Association, an organization created by the French Embassy that gathers the most relevant business women in Argentina and coordinator of the Research and Study Commission for the Master in Employment Law of Universidad Austral. She is also a referee in the International Commercial Arbitration Competition of the University of Buenos Aires.

Regularly, Mercedes contributes with articles to various academic publications and conferences for local and international organizations, including the International Bar Association, Practising Law Institute (PLI), New York State Bar Association, Global Employment Bulletin, Berwin, Leighton Paisner LLP, CM Murray LLP Newsletter, Squire Patton Boggs LLP, Pensions and Retirement Plans 2013 and 2014-Getting the Deal Through, Latin Lawyer, the magazine Comments Express of AMCHAM, monthly magazine of Case Law and Legislation Editorial “La Ley”, “El Cronista Comercial”,, IJ International Legal Group. She has been quoted by Victor Hugo Alvarez Chavez in his handbook on "Mobbing, stress and harassment in the workplace."

Baba Zipkin is the principal of Millrace Consulting, offering legal and HR services regarding international mobility and immigration matters to companies operating on a global basis.

Until January 2016, Baba was a Senior Counsel with IBM’s Corporate HR Law Group.

After joining IBM in 1999, Baba provided support for IBM’s global business in the area of domestic and international employment law, focusing on outsourcing and M&A deals, labor models, global mobility, and immigration issues.  In addition, as a lead for IBM’s extended global HR legal team, she handled a full range of domestic and international employment law issues for IBM’s commercial and public sector businesses, and worked closely with IBM’s regional and country lawyers and outside counsel on cross-border employment law matters. She also supported IBM’s Government and Regulatory Affairs organization in the immigration and wage and hour areas.

Baba began her legal practice in Brussels, Belgium with the law firm of Puelinckx, DeScheemacker & Dillemans, and prior to joining IBM was a partner with Hall, Dickler, Kent, Friedman & Wood in New York City, where she headed the firm’s employment practice.

Baba is co-vice chair and member of the management committee of XBHR, a global forum for cross-border human resources experts. She is a member of the International Bar Association’s Global Employment Institute, where she serves on the GEI Working Group. She is admitted to practice before the United States Supreme Court, the New York federal district courts, Southern and Eastern Districts, and the New York state courts.

Donald C. Dowling has extensive experience advising U.S.-based companies on outbound international labor and employment laws. Don provides counsel on a wide variety of global employment law matters, including codes of conduct and HR policies that guide operations in multiple jurisdictions, international compensation and benefits issues, whistleblower hotlines, and cross-border internal investigations and HR compliance audits. He regularly advises clients on employment matters that arise with international restructurings, reductions in force, mergers, acquisitions, and outsourcing. Additionally, Don helps clients properly engage independent contractors overseas, manage expatriate programs, and develop employment agreements and employee handbooks.

Earlier in his career, Don served as in-house international employment counsel for a Fortune 500 company in Paris and as an employment law consultant for a global consulting firm. He has delivered hundreds of presentations on international employment law issues in English and Spanish in countries around the world, and regularly publishes articles and teaches courses on a variety of global employment law topics.

Professional & Community Affiliations

Member, Advisory Board
New York University School of Law’s Center for Labor & Employment Law

Former Chair
Cross-Border HR Group


Named, America's Leading Lawyers for Business
Chambers USA 2017

Named, Legal 500
US Labor & Employment, Workplace and Employment Counseling

Named, Super Lawyer
New York
Super Lawyers

Named, Attorneys Who Matter
Ethisphere Institute

Named, Leading International Labor/Employment Lawyer
PLC Which Lawyer?

Order of the Coif


  • J.D., Levin College of Law at University of Florida, 1985
  • A.B., University of Chicago, 1982


  • Spanish

Bar Admission

New York


  • U.S. Court of Appeals, 6th Circuit
  • U.S. District Court, Southern District of Ohio

Edward O’Callaghan has over twenty years of litigation experience in criminal and civil matters both in private practice and in government service. His practice focuses on defending financial institutions, public companies, asset management firms, and individuals in international and domestic regulatory investigations and criminal prosecutions, including cases involving allegations of securities fraud, insider trading and market manipulation, bank fraud, money laundering, accounting fraud, health care fraud, corruption, RICO, criminal antitrust, and matters involving alleged violations of the United States export controls and the FCPA.

Recent public instructions include the representation of Jeffrey Webb, the former President of CONCACAF and FIFA Executive Committee Member in the criminal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) indictment pending in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, and Fokker Services, B.V., in the successful negotiation of a Deferred Prosecution Agreement with DOJ involving historical violations of the U.S. sanctions, and related court proceedings in United States District Court for the District of Columbia and the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. Edward has represented five of the largest financial institutions in the world in grand jury investigations, regulatory enforcement and compliance matters and in transactional due diligence investigations. He also handles complex civil cases, conducts internal investigations for corporate clients and constructs effective global compliance and risk assessment programs for multi-national corporations.

From 1999 until 2008, Edward was an Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, and Co-Chief of the Terrorism & National Security Unit during the last three years of his tenure. He acted as the lead prosecutor on a number of high-profile matters including the Department of Justice’s international financial fraud investigation and prosecutions related to corruption in the United Nations Oil-for-Food Program, RICO prosecutions of crime families, numerous banks and securities fraud cases, Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) matters, export control enforcement, and other cases.

Mr. O’Callaghan is a recipient of the US Attorney General’s Award for Distinguished Service (2008) and the Director’s Award for Superior Performance as an Assistant US Attorney (2000).  He received a B.A. Government (magna cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa) from Georgetown University in 1991, a J.D. from New York University School of Law in 1994 and was admitted as an Attorney-at-Law in New York in 1995.  After law school, he was Law Clerk to the Honorable Kevin Thomas Duffy, United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York.

Erika Collins is a partner in the Labor & Employment Law Department and co-head of the International Labor & Employment Law Group. Erika advises and counsels multinational public and private companies on a wide range of cross-border employment and human resources matters throughout the Americas, Europe, Africa and Asia.

Erika represents U.S. and non-U.S. employers in all aspects of company growth and restructuring, from office openings, executive hires and workforce expansions to company downsizing, employment terminations, mass layoffs and office closures. She advises clients on preparing competitive employment packages and agreements, such as separation, expatriate and consulting agreements, that are compliant with local laws, as well as on payroll, benefits and vacation issues. Erika regularly conducts multi-country audits of employment laws and practices in order to provide advice to clients regarding compliance with data privacy, fixed term contracts, outsourcing, and working time and leave regulations among numerous other issues.

Erika has helped numerous companies comply with EU data privacy regulations, as well as other similarly onerous non-US data privacy regulations. She has conducted data privacy training for dozens of employers and her expertise in employee-related data privacy challenges spans the globe.

Additionally, Erika advises employers on sexual harassment and other misconduct allegations. She also is experienced in conducting due diligence on international subsidiaries and advising on applicable business transfer laws and employee transition issues in cross-border M&A transactions.

Erika is the editor of The Employment Law Review (7th Edition), which covers employment laws in 48 countries as well as three cross border chapters on M&A, Global Diversity and Social Media. In addition to authoring numerous articles on international employment topics, Erika is a regular speaker at the International Bar Association and the American Bar Association. Topics on which she has written and spoken recently include: “Cross-Border Transfers of Executives,” “Global Mobility Issues for Multi-Nationals,” “Employment Issues in Cross-Border M&A Transactions,” “The Landscape of Issues in International Employment Law,” “Global Diversity Programs,” “The Intersection of EU Privacy and Anti-Discrimination Laws,” and “Cross-Border Investigations.”


International Bar Association (Senior Vice-Chair of the Industrial Relations and Employment Law Committee)

American Bar Association's Section of International Law,
International Employment Law Committee (Former Chair)

Housing + Solutions (Advisory Board Member)

XBHR (Member, Former Board Member)

Awards & Recognition

Chambers USA: New York: Labor & Employment 2007-2016

Best Lawyers in America, Labor and Employment Law 2010-2016

The Legal 500 United States: Labor & Employment: Workplace & Employment Counseling 2013, 2015-2016

Lexology Client Choice Award: Labor & Employment 2016

Euromoney: 2015 Americas Women in Business Law: Best in Labor & Employment

New York Super Lawyers 2007-2015

The International Who’s Who of Management, Labour & Employment Lawyers 2007-2013

Related Practices

International Labor & Employment

Non-Compete & Trade Secrets

Strategic Corporate Planning

Whistleblowing & Retaliation

French & EU Labor and Employment Law

Hiring & Background Checks

Mergers & Acquisitions

Privacy & Data Security

Higher Education


University of California, Davis, School of Law, J.D., 1994

Brown University, A.B., 1988

Admissions & Qualifications

New York


District of Columbia

Gary Siniscalco, Senior Counsel and Co-Chair of Orrick’s EEO & OFFCP Compliance Group, has significant experience advising clients on complex employment litigation and advisory matters.  He has particular experience in counseling and litigation defense for clients on equal opportunity, affirmative action (OFCCP) compliance, wrongful discharge, wage-and-hour matters and in working with companies on cross-border employment issues. Gary has handled numerous class actions, pattern and practice cases and government audits, in court and before the EEOC and Department of Labor. Gary brings a particularly unique perspective to clients on matters involving the EEOC, having served as regional counsel and senior trial attorney for the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in San Francisco prior to joining Orrick.

Gary also has an extensive class actions practice, focusing on litigation, consent decree strategies and preventive advice. He has been designated as an expert or retained as special counsel in several federal court class actions throughout the United States.

Gary also serves regularly on the NYU faculty for training federal judges on employment law, the OFCCP Institute, PLI International Employment Law and ABA Labor and Employment Law Section programs.

Gary is co-author of "The Pay Gap, the Class Ceiling, and Pay Bias: Moving Forward Fifty Years After the Equal Pay Act", ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law, Vol 29, November 3 (Spring 2014), and "The Law of Employment Discrimination from 1985-2010," ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Spring 2010).

Related Practice Areas

  • Employment Law & Litigation
  • Discrimination, Harassment & Retaliation
  • Trade Secrets Litigation
  • Wage-and-Hour
  • Cross-Border Employment Law Issues


  • J.D., Georgetown University Law Center, 1969
  • B.A., Le Moyne College, 1965


  • The Recorder California Labor & Employment Department of the Year (2013-2014)
  • The Recorder California Litigation Department of the Year (2013-2014)
  • The International Who's Who of Management, Labour & Employment Lawyers (2013-14)
  • Who's Who of Management Labour & Employment Lawyers Top Ten International (2009-14)
  • Chambers USA Band 2, Labor & Employment (2011-14)
  • National Law Journal Leading Employment Lawyers
  • Chambers USA Leading Employment Lawyer, "noted for ability both to litigate and to provide counsel on a variety of issues." and "wonderful and highly capable.”
  • College of Labor & Employment Lawyers, Fellow since 1997

Gerlind Wisskirchen is a specialist lawyer in the area of labor and employment law with a special focus on advising international corporations. The excellence of her advice lies in her knowledge of how to achieve success and her profound understanding of the business environments of her clients, her analytic ability and her strategic, precise, clear recommendations. She and her team are performance-driven and creative and strive to forge workable and strategic client-focused solutions so that undertakings can achieve their business objectives. Part of this advice is project management, thus understanding the relevant factors, defining the goals, selecting the best methods and tools, and precisely implementing the set objectives. Gerlind Wisskirchen advises multinational corporations particularly on the issues of reorganization, national and international labor and employment law and compliance. She provides support to management – as a strategic advisor or member of the supervisory/advisory board – from the HR and labor and employment law perspective when business plans and strategies are being developed.

In a globalized world in which national borders are increasingly diminishing and corporations are facing global challenges, she has particular expertise in cross-border projects like business reorganizations (outsourcing, off-shoring), compliance issues, cross-border compensation programs, cross-border audits and internal investigations, board level codetermination, matrix structures of multinational corporations, the European works council, the implementation of codes of conduct, whistleblowing systems and IT-systems, the posting of employees and data privacy protection issues. She developed the "EU Labor & Employment Law Navigator," a comparative analysis of the labor and employment law systems in Europe.

Gerlind Wisskirchen is a regular moderator and panelist at national and international conferences on the legal issues of international HR management and on issues of cross-border Labor and employment law, such as the International Bar Association, the American Bar Association and the American Employment Law Council. She is a lecturer for the MBA program "International Human Resources Management" at Cranfield University, UK, one of the leading European business schools. She has published numerous articles in German and in English.


Studied law at the University of Bonn, the University of Lausanne, Switzerland and Georgetown University, USA. PhD in 1993 on "Indirect Discrimination in Employment (Disparate Impact Cases): USA – Europe". Student and graduate scholar of Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung. Worked for two U.S. law firms (1991-1992, 1995) and for the international department of the German Treasury (1995-1998). Joined the law firm in 1998 to strengthen the international section of the labor and employment law team.


German, English, French

Joanna (Jodi) Varon is a Vice President and Associate General Counsel of Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, Americas Division.  In that position, Ms. Varon is responsible for coordinating with and advising SMBC’s Human Resources Department on employment law matters, including review and legal analysis of employee relations issues, review of employment documents and policies, coordination of international employment law issues, and general advice and counsel.  Ms. Varon also acts as Bank counsel on litigation matters and provides support with respect to the general day to day functions of the Legal Department, including but not limited to reviewing/drafting of transactional documents.

Prior to joining SMBC, Ms. Varon was a partner at Duane Morris LLP, where she practiced in the areas of employment law, labor relations and litigation.  Ms. Varon was an associate at Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP from 2003 through 2007.

Ms. Varon is a graduate of Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, where she was senior articles editor of the Cardozo Arts and Entertainment Law Journal, and a graduate, with high honors, of Rutgers University. 

Johan Lubbe is a shareholder at Littler Mendelson, the largest management-side workplace law firm in the U.S.  The firm has over 950 employment lawyers in 56 offices across the U.S., Mexico and Venezuela.  Johan is the U.S. Practice Co-Chair of the firm’s International Employment Law Practice Group.

Johan Lubbe provides strategic advice and counseling to multinational employers on a wide range of global employment law, labor relations, human resources, and data privacy matters. Who's Who Legal noted in its survey that Johan is "greatly admired" for his expertise in data privacy and the workplace. Johan also regularly advises foreign companies that do business in the U.S. on the compliance requirements of U.S. workplace law. Johan is an experienced trial lawyer and negotiator with unions.

Johan holds law degrees from leading law schools in the U.S., England and South Africa.  He started his legal career as a labor lawyer in South Africa and has been practicing in the U.S. for the past 18 years. He has authored a number of articles on cross-border employment issues, and is a frequent speaker at international employment law conferences in the U.S. and overseas.

Johan is recognized as a leading employment lawyer in a number of publications, including Best Lawyers in the U.S., Practical Law Company’s Labour and Employee Benefits Cross-border Handbook, Euromoney’s Guide to the World’s Leading Labour and Employment Lawyers, The International Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers, and the Legal Media Group’s The Best of the Best. Johan has also been recognized as a Super Lawyer in New York since 2007.

John Hamlin is Chief Counsel, Employment, Benefits and Governance for Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc., one of the world’s leading professional services firms with over 60,000 employees in approximately 90 countries.  The firm’s operating companies include Marsh, Mercer, Guy Carpenter, and Oliver Wyman.  Prior to joining Marsh & McLennan, he was Of Counsel with the law firm of Paul, Hastings Janofsky & Walker LLP.  While in private practice, he represented employers in all aspects of labor and employment law, before various state and federal courts and administrative agencies, and provided advice on an array of personnel-related issues.  Mr. Hamlin served as a Law Clerk to the Honorable B. Avant Edenfield, Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia in Savannah.

Mr. Hamlin is a fellow of the College of Labor and Employment Lawyers.  He has published various articles on employment law and has presented at numerous seminars on assorted employment-related topics.  In 2014 he was recognized as one of The Legal 500’s GC Powerlist “Corporate Counsel 100: Rising Stars,” which recognizes leading in-house lawyers for innovation, quality and excellence.  He was selected by the International Law Office and the Association of Corporate Counsel as the recipient of the 2015 ILO Global Counsel Award for Employment Counsel of the Year.  He is the recipient of a 2016 First Chair Award for Top Employment Counsel.   

Mr. Hamlin earned a J.D. with honors from the University of Connecticut School of Law, where he was Editor-in-Chief of the Connecticut Journal of International Law

Kenneth Yormark is a Managing Director in Grant Thornton’s Forensic and Valuation Services Practice. Mr. Yormark focuses his practice on accounting issues, forensic accounting, financial investigations, securities litigation, and anti-corruption risk assessments. He works with management at major corporations, noted law firms, and government agencies primarily in regard to internal investigations, accounting related litigation matters, and anti-corruption/Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) issues in both reactive and proactive environments. He has testified in deposition and at trial in Federal and Bankruptcy courts.

Mr. Yormark is an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University Law Center where he teaches “Accounting for Lawyers”. He is also a faculty member of the Practicing Law Institute and an adjunct faculty member of the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners.


Mr. Yormark has more than 30 years of experience in the areas of forensic and investigative services, having managed and conducted numerous complex, often high-profile securities fraud, anti-corruption/FCPA and Ponzi scheme investigations involving public and private companies in all industries around the globe. Prior to joining Grant Thornton, Mr. Yormark was a Managing Director and leader of a major consulting firm’s New York Forensic Accounting Practice.  As Managing Director of another firm’s Business Risk Practice, he served as national leader of financial investigations and anti-fraud initiatives. He was Director of Forensic and Investigative services at a Big 4 firm and a Director in the Forensic Accounting Practice of a global corporate investigations firm.

Professional memberships

  • American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
  • Association of Certified Fraud Examiners
  • New York State Society of Certified Public Accountants
  • Member, ABA Section of Business Law
  • Partner to the ABA Litigation Section – Business Torts and Unfair Competition Committee
  • Past partner to the ABA Litigation Section – Criminal Investigations and Access to Justice and Children’s Rights Committees
  • New York Lawyers for Public Interest, Committee Member
  • Make-A-Wish Foundation
  • Circle of Friends


  • Bachelor of Science degree, from Queens College and Graduate Studies from New York University.

Louise Patry is a partner in the Labour & Employment, Litigation and Corporate/Commercial practices.

Louise has an extensive experience in several fields of the labour and employment domain. She is known for her expert negotiation and arbitration skills.

Louise advises multinational/domestic public and private companies in a wide range of industries on labour and employment related matters. Known for her expert negotiation and arbitration skills, she also provides practical and expedient solutions for matters such as employee transfers and downsizing operations, wrongful dismissal and pay equity cases, workers’ compensation and health and safety issues, pension plan issues and business consolidations. In addition, Louise handles the negotiation of collective agreements for various clients. Louise has developed an extensive experience in international employment law.

Louise worked as a lawyer for the Québec Union of Service Employees, Local 298 (FTQ), providing her with the advantage of a bilateral perspective on issues related to labour and employment.


  • Has achieved one of Martindale-Hubbell’s highest rankings.

Speaking Engagements

Louise has presented at numerous conferences to a broad range of professionals on dismissals, salary equity, the financing of workplace health and safety and labour standards in Québec, as well as on various other labour and employment issues.

Among others, Louise presented the following conferences and papers on International Employment Law:

  • "Mobilité Internationale", TV web vignette in the series "Conseils d’experts" broadcasted by Premières en affaires – 2013
  • "Travailler à l’international ? Oui, mais attention à votre contrat !", Article published in Premières en affaires – October-November 2012
  • "Hiring, Disciplining and Firing: A Soup-to-Nuts Review of What You Can and Can’t Do Overseas", Workshop of the International Employment Law Conference – June 2012
  • "Seconded Employee/Managing Expatriates on Assignment", Section of the compilation of presentations given during the "Hiring, Disciplining and Firing: A Soup-to-Nuts Review of What You Can and Can’t Do Overseas" Workshop of the International Employment Law conference, published by the Praticing Law Institute – 2012
  • "International Employment Law", Workshop of the American Conference Institute – October 2010
  • the International Law Section of the American Bar Association’s fall meeting, for which she was a presenter
  • "As the World Turns: Perspectives on International Labor and Employment Law", Conference organized by the New York State Bar Association and the Cornell ILR School Labor and Employment Law Program – May 2009

Bar Admissions

Québec, 1981


Université de Montréal (Post-Graduate Diploma in Labor Law), 1988

Université de Sherbrooke, B.C.L., 1980


Labour & Employment



Professional Affiliations

Canadian Bar Association

Québec Bar

Ordre des CRHA et CRIA du Québec

Orrie Dinstein is the Global Chief Privacy Officer at March & McLennan Companies. He has global responsibility for data protection, and he works closely with the Legal & Compliance, IT and Information Security teams, as well as other functions, to establish policies, procedures, processes and tools related to privacy and data protection matters.  Prior to joining Marsh & McLennan, Orrie was the Chief Privacy Officer at GE Capital.

Orrie received an LL.M. degree in intellectual property from NYU School of Law and is a graduate of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem School of Law.  He is a member of the New York State Bar and the Israel Bar. He is a Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP) and a frequent speaker on privacy, security, technology and social media matters.

Philip Berkowitz, U.S. co-chair of Littler Mendelson's International Employment Law Practice, is an internationally known employment lawyer.  He advises multinational and domestic companies in a wide range of industries on employment-related matters.  He has significant experience advising multinational regarding U.S. and overseas employment practices.  He also has a strong litigation practice:  he defends companies in lawsuits and arbitrations, in the United States and internationally, involving claims of alleged discrimination and harassment, compensation claims, Sarbanes-Oxley whistle-blowing and other anti-retaliation laws; and compensation claims.  He also defends and prosecutes trade secret and non-compete enforcement claims.

Mr. Berkowitz’s diverse selection of clients includes companies in financial services, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals and chemicals, manufacturing, publishing, fundraising, and many other sectors.  He has also represented prominent international law firms in their U.S. employment law matters.

Mr. Berkowitz is an Officer of the International Bar Association (IBA) Discrimination and Equality Committee, and is Co-Chair of the IBA Disability Discrimination Working Group.  He is former Chair of the New York State Bar Association International Law and Practice Section, and former Vice-Chair of the American Bar Association Employment Law Committee (International Law Section)

Special Recognition

Named, America's Leading Lawyers for Business - Chambers USA, 2005-2014
Named, The Best Lawyers in America, 2007-2014
Named, International Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers - Who's Who Legal, 2014
Named, Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers - Who's Who Legal, 2014


Cornell Law School, 1977-78

Northwestern School of Law, J.D. 1978
State University of New York at New Paltz, B.A. 1975

Selected Publications

Columnist, The New York Law Journal, “Employment Law Issues” (bimonthly column) (1999 – Present)

Co-Author, “International Labor & Employment Law,” International Corporate Practice (PLI Feb. 2014)

Author, “Whistleblower Claims: Issues for 2014,” New York Law Journal (Jan. 9, 2014)

Author, “The Attorney-Client Privilege and Advising Across Borders,” New York Law Journal (Nov. 29, 2013)

Author, “10 Tips for an Effective Cross-Border Investigation,” (Oct. 31, 2012)

Practice Areas

Foreign Investment in China, Regulatory Compliance, Dispute Resolution

Professional Experience

Dr. Xiaolin Zhou is licensed to practice law in China and the State of New York, and admitted before the Federal (Southern District and Eastern District of New York) and state courts in the State of New York. He has over 30 years of legal work experience both in government and in private practice. As managing partner of the firm's New York Office, he focuses his practice on advising and assisting clients doing business with/in China and helping clients resolve legal and business problems in their operations in China. His clients include many Fortune 500 industrial and business corporations, banks, insurers, foreign law firms and international organizations, as well as many small and medium sized companies. He also regularly advises Chinese entities and individuals on doing business in the U.S.

Prior to entering private legal practice, Dr. Zhou served for seven years as Head of International Law Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China. He also served as advisor to the Chinese Delegation to the UN General Assembly and Chinese delegate to the UN Legal Committee, Outer-space Legal Subcommittee and UN Charter Committee. He has participated in numerous international negotiations and was involved in handling major judicial and arbitration cases involving government agencies and enterprises in Chinese and foreign courts as well as international arbitration tribunals.


Dr. Zhou received his Doctor of Juridical Science degree (SJD) from Harvard Law School and is a graduate of Institute of Law, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing.

Professional Associations

Dr. Zhou is a member of the Bar of the City of New York and the All-China Lawyers Association.

Language Skills

Fluent in English and Mandarin.

Sean McKessy re-joined the SEC in February 2011 to oversee the Office of the Whistleblower in the Division of Enforcement. In that role, Mr. McKessy leads a program charged with working with whistleblowers, handling their tips and complaints, and helping the Commission determine the awards for individuals who provide the agency with information that leads to successful enforcement actions.

Mr. McKessy had a previous stint at the SEC, where he was a Senior Counsel in the Division of Enforcement from 1997 to 2000. More recently, Mr. McKessy served as corporate secretary for both Altria Group, Inc. and AOL Inc., and as securities counsel for Caterpillar, Inc. In these roles, Mr. McKessy developed and supervised internal compliance and reporting programs related to the federal securities laws, served as corporate compliance officer, and coordinated the reporting of potential violations to boards of directors.  He is a graduate of the University of Notre Dame and the National Law Center at George Washington University.

WENDI S. LAZAR is a partner at Outten & Golden LLP where she co-heads the firm’s Individual Practice and the Executives and Professionals Practice Group. Ms. Lazar practices in many areas of employment law with a focus on executive agreements, including retention, expatriate, non-competition, talent, severance, and compensation arrangements. She also represents teams of executives, founders and partners transitioning during a sale, merger and acquisitions and other corporate transactions. Ms. Lazar’s practice is international in scope, and she advises clients and attorneys in the U.S. and abroad on employment, contract, and often related immigration issues. Ms. Lazar represents individuals, partners, and management teams at portfolio and public companies, financial institutions (including banks, hedge funds, private equity companies), and entertainment, advertising and media companies. She also represents law partners and associates, accounting professionals, doctors and medical practitioners in all transactional matters. 

In 2016, Ms. Lazar was selected to the New York Law Journal’s list of Top Women in the Law. Ms. Lazar was appointed as a commissioner by the American Bar Association’s Commission on Women, where she heads the Sexual Harassment and Gender Based Bullying Committee. Martindale-Hubbell recognizes Ms. Lazar as an AV “Preeminent” rated attorney. She was named to Best Lawyers in America 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 in the field of Employment Law – Individuals. Ms. Lazar was also recognized by Super Lawyers in 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. Ms. Lazar has been selected as a 2013, 2014 and 2015 Lawdragon 500 Leading Lawyer. In 2014, Ms. Lazar was elected as a Fellow to the College of Labor & Employment Lawyers. She is also a Board Member of Work Life Law, UC Hastings College of the Law.

Ms. Lazar is the Diversity Co-Chair and a member of the Executive Committee of the New York State Bar Association Labor & Employment Section, and is an active member of NELA, ABA and NYSBA committees. She is former Employee Co-Chair of the American Bar Association Labor and Employment Law Section’s International Labor and Employment Law Committee. She regularly lectures on employment issues to bar associations and industry groups and has had several legal articles and book chapters published. She co-authored as Co-Editor In-Chief, "Restrictive Covenants and Trade Secrets in Employment Law: An International Survey," published in 2010 by the BNA and its supplements through 2013, which includes the chapter “Confidentiality, Trade Secrets, and Other Duties and Restrictive Covenants in a Global Economy.” In addition, she is also the author of the chapter “Negotiating and Drafting Expatriate Employment Agreements," in the 3rd Edition of Vol. 1B of International Labor & Employment Law, published in 2009 by the BNA.

Bar/Professional Activity

  • Commissioner, American Bar Association (ABA) Commission on Women in the Profession
  • Member, International Bar Association
  • Co-Chair, Diversity Committee, New York State Bar Association (NYSBA) Labor & Employment Section
  • Executive Committee, NYSBA Labor & Employment Section, International Labor and Employment Committee
  • Former Chair, International Women's Rights Committee of the Women's Bar of the State of New York
  • Chair, National Employment Lawyers Association's (NELA) Executives and Professionals Committee
  • Former Co-Chair, International Labor and Employment Law Committee, American Bar Association (ABA), Labor and Employment Law Section
  • Former Member, International Human Rights Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York

Speaking Engagements

Ms. Lazar frequently lectures on employment issues to bar associations and industry groups, and appears as an expert in the news media.


  • Speaker: "Bias, Prejudice & Harassment in the Legal Profession: A Proposal for a New Rule (E)," ABA Annual Labor & Employment Law Conference (Chicago, IL)
  • Speaker: "Understanding the Employment and Immigration Implications of Terminating Expatriates: At the Journey’s End," American Bar Association, Section of Labor & Employment, Employment Rights and Responsibilities Midwinter Meeting (New Orleans, LA)
  • 2016 National CLE Conference: Speaker, Federal Privacy Laws: International Employment Issues and the Impact on Your Practice


  • Speaker: "International Employment Issues and the Impact on Your Practice," National CLE Conference - Labor & Employment (Vail, CO)
  • Speaker: "Pre-Emption Claims Under the UTSA," National CLE Conference - Labor & Employment (Vail, CO)
  • Moderator: " Learning to Lead: Facing Today's Challenges", 2015 Women of the Section of Litigation Conference: Leading, Litigating, Connecting, American Bar Association, Chicago, IL
  • Speaker: "Representing the Start-Up Venture Institute", New York State Bar Association, New York, NY
  • Speaker: “Running a Cross Border Restrictive Covenant Case”, ELA Conference, London
  • Speaker: "Managing Expatriates in the U.S. and Overseas," PLI, International Employment Law 2015, New York, NY
  • Panelist: "What Works for Women at Work: Navigating Workplaces Shaped by Subtle Bias," UCHastings Leadership Academy for Women, UC Hastings WorkLife Law, San Francisco, CA
  • Panelist: Private Equity CEO Compensation Structures Luncheon, Hypatia Capital Group, New York, NY
  • Speaker: "Employment Law Issues for the Startup Venture: Representing the “Sweat Equity” Worker in a Startup or Early-Stage Venture", “Sweat Equity” in Startups and Early-Stage Businesses, Legal, Tax and Employment Issues for Founders, Key Executives and Independent Contractors, NYSBA, New York, NY
  • Speaker: “Managing Expatriates in the U.S. and Overseas,” PLI International Employment Law 2015, New York, New York
  • Speaker: “Restrictive Covenants and Unlawful Competition in Employment Law,” IBA Annual Employment and Discrimination Law Conference: The dynamics of a globalised workforce: challenges and solutions in the modern labour landscape, Rome, Italy
  • Speaker: "Restrictive Covenants and Labor Mobility: A Case Study of Non-Competes, and Choice-of-Law Provisions, in the Legal Profession," American Bar Association Section of Labor & Employment Law, International Labor and Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting, Barcelona, Spain
  • Speaker: “Retaining & Promoting Women & Minorities in the Legal Profession: Getting It Right,” 2015 NYSBA Annual Meeting, Plenary One, New York, New York
  • Speaker: "Noncompetes on the Cutting Edge," Law Education Institute, National CLE Conference, Vail, Co.


  • Moderator: "Doing Business in the Asia Pacific: Pitfalls and Advantages for Employers and Employees", ABA Section of Labor and Employment Law, 8th Annual Labor and Employment Law Conference, Los Angeles, CA
  • Speaker: "What Works for Women", Women Lawyers 2014 Book Club Series, sponsored by Committee on Women in the Legal Profession & Committee on Career Advancement and Management, New York City Bar
  • Speaker: "Challenges Facing Women Lawyers in a Global Practice", American Bar Association Section of Labor & Employment Law, International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Speaker: "International Compensation Challenges", Practising Law Institute
  • Panelist: "Mediation Strategies in Executive Employment Disputes", New York Law Journal Labor & Employment Law breakfast
  • Speaker: "Effective Strategies for Drafting Executive Employment Contracts", NELA 2014 Annual Convention: Blazing the Trail, Courage, Challenge, Change
  • Panelist: "Mediation Advocacy Strategies in Executive Employment Disputes", Insights and Strategies on the Effective: Mediation of Employment Disputes, presented by JAMS and the New York Law Journal
  • Panelist: "Professional Responsibility and Gender Equity," Edith I. Spivack Symposium, presented by the Committee on Women in the Law, of the New York State Bar Association Program Annual Meeting
  • Speaker: "FMLA, ADA, PDA Update," Law Education Institute, National CLE Conference


  • Panelist: "The Changing Landscape of Trade Secrets and Restrictive Covenants" webinar, American Bar Association, Section of Labor and Employment Law, and the Center for Professional Development
  • Moderatior: ABA Panelist: "Team Moves and Restrictive Covenants," ELA, Third Transatlantic Conference
  • Speaker: “Cross-Border Assignments & Employment Agreements,” Practising Law Institute, International Employment Law 2013 Seminar/Webcast
  • Speaker: "Settling the Case and Wrapping Up Employment: Negotiating Strategies, Drafting Realities," Pacific Coast Labor & Employment Law Conference
  • Panelist: "Where Have all the Women Gone?," International Bar Association, IBA Employment and Discrimination Law Conference
  • Panelist: "It's as Easy as a Day at the Beach: Basics of Restrictive Covenants and Duties," American Bar Association, Section of Labor & Employment Law, International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Speaker: "Tips for Successful Negotiations," Webinar, American Bar Association (ABA) Labor and Employment Law Section
  • Speaker: "What's Love Got to Do With It? Work Romances and Sexual Favoritism," Law Education Institute, National CLE Conference


  • Speaker: "Drafting Expatriate Agreements," American Bar Association, Labor & Employment Section, 6th Annual Section of Labor & Employment Law Conference
  • Speaker: "Retaliation in the Context of Discrimination", Practising Law institute, International Employment Law
  • Speaker: Retaliation Claims: Don't Get Mad, Don't Get Even, Don't Get Sued," Practising Law Institute, Employment Discrimination Law and Litigation
  • Speaker: "Foreign Companies Doing Business in the U.S.: Special Challenges," Practising Law Institute, International Employment Law Conference
  • Speaker: "Global Trade Secret Protection and Drafting Global Policies," American Bar Association, Section of Labor & Employment, International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Speaker: "International Restrictive Covenants & Trade Secrets," American bar Association International Law Section, Spring Meeting
  • Speaker: "Negotiating and Drafting Expatriate Emplyment Agreements (Cross-border Litigation)," International Bar Association, The Paradigm of Employment Law Conference
  • Speaker: "Trade Secrets from the Employment Lawyers Point of View," American Law Institute and American Bar Association (Video Telecast)
  • Speaker: "Executives Gone Wild: Special Employment Law Issues," National Continuing Legal Education Conference


  • Commentator: “Economic Dismissal Legislation in Other Countries,” New York University 64th Annual Conference on Labor
  • Co-Moderator: “Restrictive Covenants in Employment Contracts,” American Bar Association (ABA) Section of Labor & Employment Law, International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Moderator: “Are You Protected? Privacy, Intellectual Property, Trade Secrets and Non-Competes in Web 2.0,” ABA National Symposium on Technology in Labor & Employment Law
  • Lecturer: “Innovative Ways to Incentivize Employees,” International Bar Association Conference
  • Lecturer: “Drafting Non-Competition & Non-Solicitation Agreements: Supporting the Agreements & Avoiding the Pitfalls,” American Law Institute-American Bar Association Webcast Lecturer: “Non-Competition Clauses and Restrictive Covenants,” New York State Bar Association 2011 Annual Meeting
  • Lecturer: “International Restrictive Covenants in a Global Workplace,” 28th Annual National CLE Conference in Labor and Employment Law


  • Lecturer: "Around the World in 90 Minutes: Highlights of Current Peculiarities and Pitfalls of Individual Transnational Employment Contracts," ABA Section of Labor & Employment 4th Annual Law Conference o Lecturer: "International Labor and Employment Law: A Bootcamp for U.S. Attorneys," American Conference Institute (ACI)
  • Lecturer: "How to Retain Talent And Survive in a Challenging Economy," Five O'Clock Club
  • Lecturer: "Keeping up with the Competition and Keeping the Taxman at Bay: Employment Contracts, Severance Agreements, and 409A," ABA Annual Meeting
  • Lecturer: "The Changing Landscape of Discrimination Law: New Developments in Privacy and Technology," Employment Discrimination Law and Litigation 2010 by the Practicing Law Institute
  • Lecturer: "Obama's Employment & Labor Rulings, Laws and Enforcements: An Update," Five O'Clock Club
  • Lecturer: "Enforcing Post Employment Restrictions Across Borders," ABA International Labor & Employment Law Committee Midyear Meeting
  • Lecturer: "Sex Discrimination Behind the Camera: How to Deal With Harassment in the Industry," New York Women in Film and Television (NYWIFT) in New York City

Publications (selected)

Ms. Lazar has had numerous articles and book chapters published, as well as several administrative law decisions while an attorney with the Honors Program of the Department of Justice.

  • Author: "Will New Legislation Cure The Gender Pay Gap?," Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, August 10, 2016
  • Author: "Sexual Harassment in the Legal Profession: It’s Time to Make It Stop," Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, March 4, 2016
  • Author: "Undocumented Immigrant Workers: Enforcing Rights," Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, October 28, 2015
  • Author: "‘1984’ in 2015: Protecting Employees,"Social Media From Misuse, Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, July 7, 2015
  • Author: “Mandatory Arbitration: Searching for Fairness,” Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, March 6, 2015
  • Author: “Employment and Labor Law in 2014: Has the Workplace Improved?,” Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, December 11, 2014
  • Co-author with Katherine Blostein: Negotiating Executive Employment Agreements: Cutting a Path Through the Regulatory Thicket, Bloomberg BNA, Pensions and Benefits Daily, July 2, 2014
  • Author: “Fathers Have Protected Rights to Care for Their Children,” Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, June 26, 2014
  • Author: "New York's Post-Employment Restrictions Limit Mobility", Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, March 31, 2014
  • Author: "U.S. Employees Need a Federal Data Protection Law", Employees in the Workplace column, New York Law Journal, January 30, 2014
  • Co-author: "Pay and Promotion Equity on Wall Street: Does Litigation Help?," New York Law Journal, October 15, 2013
  • Author: "Limitations to Workplace Privacy: Electronic Investigations and Monitoring – The Computer & Internet Lawyer," January, 2012
  • Co-Author: “Avoiding Pitfalls of Waiving Privilege, Creating Discoverable Evidence and Other Technological Liabilities: An Attorney/ Client Checklist,” Article for National Employment Lawyers Association 2011 Annual Convention
  • Author: "Lessons from Conan," The Financial Manager, May/June 2010, at 12-14.
  • Co-Editor In-Chief: "Restrictive Covenants and Trade Secrets in Employment Law: An International Survey," Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
  • Co-Author: "Employees' Privacy Rights in the Digital Age," Article in New York Law Journal, April 2010
  • Co-Author: "Executive Employment Agreements," Executive Compensation Library Executive & Director Compensation Reference Guide by the Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
  • Co-Author: "Changing Economy Impacts Executive Pay," Pension & Benefits Daily by the Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
  • Author: "Negotiating and Drafting Expatriate Employment Agreements," International Labor & Employment Law, 3rd Ed., Vol. 1B by Bureau of National Affairs, Inc.
  • Author: "Multiple Issues in Corporate Raiding of Employees," New York Law Journal

Awards and Recognition

  • New York Law Journal: Top Women in the Law 2016
  • Lawdragon 500 Leading Lawyers, 2013 - 2016
  • AV-Preeminent Rated Attorney, Martindale-Hubbell, 2015
  • Super Lawyers: 2012 - 2015
  • New York Metro Super Lawyers Top Women 2015
  • Best Lawyers: 2012 - 2016
  • Fellow, College of Labor and Employment Law, 2014
  • Ford Foundation Fellowship in International Law
  • UC Hastings College of the Law, Work Life Law Board Member
  • Alexander Fellow, Cardozo Law
  • Emmy Award, Academy of Television Arts and Sciences

Press (Abbreviated List)

  • Quoted: Emma Jacobs, Lessons from the Litigants, Financial Times, March 31, 2010, at 14.
  • Quoted: Amy Engeler, Older And Out!, MORE, Nov. 2008, at 104, 105, 171.

Bettina specialises in employment law and provides strategic and commercial employment law advice to corporate clients and senior executives. Key areas she advises on include internal investigations, disciplinary and grievance procedures, exits, complex discrimination litigation, the enforcement of restrictive covenants and team moves. She also advises on employment law issues relevant when setting up in the UK, including the recruitment process, employment contracts and staff handbooks. Her particular interest is in cross-border and international issues and she has particular expertise in advising US and European parent companies with UK based subsidiaries.

What the Directories say:-

Chambers & Partners 2014 (Employment Law): Bettina Bender is recognised for her ability "to negotiate fantastic outcomes for clients" and for the "pragmatism" and "commercialism" she brings to matters. Bettina is ranked as a leading individual in her work advising employers as well as senior executives.

 Bettina is experienced in providing advice on the following:

  • strategic employment law advice for corporate clients
  • internal HR investigations, and disciplinary and grievance procedures
  • board room disputes, including executive appointments, departures and bonus issues
  • enforcement of restrictive covenants, confidentiality obligations and team moves
  • complex discrimination litigation
  • collective redundancies
  • partnership discrimination claims, partner departures, team moves and partner restrictive covenants 

Bettina regularly contributes articles published in legal and HR publications.  She is a regular speaker on employment law developments and also provides comment on topical employment law issues in the press, including radio and television.  She is an officer of the International Bar Association, Discrimination and Equality Law Committee, and a member of the European Employment Lawyers Association, the UK Employment Lawyers Association and the German-British Chamber of Industry and Commerce. Bettina is bi-lingual in English and German. Prior to joining CM Murray LLP Bettina worked at two City law firms and a leading national law firm.

Catherine currently serves as lead in-house labor and employment counsel for Molex, LLC, a subsidiary of Koch Industries, Inc.  She has been with the Koch companies since 2005.  In addition to supporting the highly diverse range of Koch and Molex affiliates in the full spectrum of HR-related legal and compliance challenges faced by large multi-national employers, Catherine is also responsible for the data privacy practice area.

Prior to joining Koch, Catherine was an associate and later counsel with the international law firm Salans (now Dentons) in New York, New York.  During her time in New York, she served as a Commissioner on the City of New York Equal Employment Practices Commission.  She began her career in the labor & employment group of Phelps Dunbar LLP in Jackson, MS, following a clerkship with the Honorable Tom S. Lee of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi.

Catherine holds a BA in English from Millsaps College, an MA in English from Vanderbilt University, and a JD from the Mississippi College School of Law.  She lives in Glen Ellyn, IL with her husband and two children.

Shalini Agarwal is a Partner at In Se Legal, a unique Indian law firm with offices in the UK and India. In Se Legal provides legal support on matters relating to Indian law and business to UK, US and European corporates.   In Se Legal prides itself on its ability to offer commercially sound, client-centric legal advice, assisting clients in understanding the Indian market.

Quality, Capability, Professionalism and Confidence are a few of the many hallmarks that define In Se Legal and its team.  By virtue of the ability to provide Indian legal services through London, with a larger delivery team in India, In Se Legal can offer highly competitive pricing to its clients.

Shalini advises on Indian employment and immigration law.  She services multinational clients globally, assisting with their Indian immigration requirements throughout India.   Shalini has been recognized annually by the International Who's Who of Leading Corporate Immigration Lawyers as a leading Indian immigration lawyer annually since 2007.  Shalini has also been acknowledged and recognized as a leading Immigration and employment lawyer in the 2014 edition of Indian Lawyer 250. She advises clients regularly on various aspects of employment law - assisting with staffing issues, terminations, restructuring and other labour law issues.

Shalini’s deep knowledge of India, the Indian market and business culture also provides an excellent cultural bridge for international companies seeking to do business in India, in need of information and direction. Shalini regularly guides clients on the nuances of doing business in India and provides insight into various aspects of dealing with Indian colleagues, suppliers and partners.

A unique offering of In Se Legal is Shalini’s presence in the London office, that provides US and European clients access to Indian legal advice within a European time zone. Instructing the team in London carries no premium and the firm provides highly competitive rates benchmarked against the Indian market.

Originally from New Delhi, Shalini holds a Degree in English literature followed by her LL.B from the Faculty of Law in New Delhi. She read law at Cambridge University where she completed an LL.M with a focus on international law and intellectual property. As a recipient of the BCCI and Foreign & Commonwealth Scholarships, followed by the prestigious Pegasus Scholarship, Shalini interned with Clifford Chance and with Counsel Chambers in London prior to returning to India to practice law. Shalini is dual qualified and is a member of the Bar Council of India and is admitted as a solicitor of the Supreme Court of England and Wales. Shalinis’ practice is exclusively in the area of Indian Law.

Shalini divides her time between India and London. She is a frequent speaker at international conferences on various topics relating to doing business in India.

Timon Grau is a Partner in the employment, pensions, and benefits practice group of Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP and works in the firm's Frankfurt office.

Timon advises both international and national clients from a broad spectrum of business and industry sectors in all fields of individual and collective employment law. Along with providing employment law advice on corporate restructurings and transactions, his particular areas of expertise comprise the design of remuneration systems and incentive schemes, the laws governing the organisation of industrial relations and collective bargaining, corporate co-determination, and board member service relationships. Timon is also an experienced advisor in the fields of employee data protection and compliance, including on internal investigations and global HR data transfers.

Timon appears regularly as an author and is a sought speaker on specialist employment law matters. Inter alia, he is the co-author of a handbook on collective bargaining law in Germany, published by Dr. Otto Schmidt Verlag in 2013 and of Corporate Internal Investigations – An international guide, published by Oxford University press in 2013 (edited by Paul Lomas and Daniel Kramer). Timon has published more than 75 articles in law journals and papers addressed to HR professionals on a variety of strategic employment and data protection law topics. He is a visiting lecturer for employment law at the law school of European Business School (EBS) University in Wiesbaden.

Timon studied at the University of Cologne, where in 2004 he was awarded his doctorate in law degree for a dissertation on the information of employees and their right to object to a transfer of their employment in the course of transfers of undertakings (published by Dr. Otto Schmidt Verlag). He was a fellowship holder of the German National Academic Foundation. Following the conclusion of his traineeship in Cologne and London, Timon received his licence to practise law in 2006. In 2010 he received his certificate as a certified specialist employment lawyer (Fachanwalt für Arbeitsrecht). Timon speaks German and English.



Partner, Nagashima Ohno & Tsunematsu NY LLP, NY, USA


Hironobu Tsukamoto specializes in litigation and arbitration of a broad range of commercial disputes, employment disputes and intellectual property disputes. Mr. Tsukamoto counsels and represents both domestic and foreign clients. He is also experienced in advising clients on non-contentious general corporate matters including employment law issues and intellectual property matters. Mr. Tsukamoto also counsels clients regarding employment law issues arising in relation to M&A transactions.

He graduated with an LL.B. from Kyoto University in 1998 and with an LL.M. from the University of Chicago in 2005. He was admitted to practice law in Japan in 2000 and in the State of New York in 2006. He worked at Weil, Gotshal & Manges (Silicon Valley) as a visiting attorney from 2005 to 2007.


Professional Qualification


Admitted in New York and Japan


University of Chicago, the Law School, Chicago, IL

Master of Laws, June 2005

Kyoto University, Faculty of Law, Kyoto, JAPAN

Bachelor of Laws, March 1998




Japan Federation of Bar Associations

Dai-ichi Tokyo Bar Association

International Bar Association

American Bar Association

NY State Bar Association

Inter-Pacific Bar Association



“Be careful with redundancies” - The 2010 Guide to Japan 8th Edition, a Supplement to International Financial Law Review, March 2010 (Co-author)

“Assessing the consequences” - Asian-Counsel (Volume 8 Issue 7, 2010) (Co-author)

“Mistake of Validity of Patent and Technical Scope in License Agreement” - Chizaiken Forum (Vol. 82, 2010 Summer) (Co-author)

“Social Media and Employment Law. An International Survey (Japan chapter)” Kluwer Law International (September, 2015) (Co-author)

“Arbitration World - Jurisdictional Comparisons 5th Edition 2015” Thomson Reuters (October 2015) (Co-author)

“The International Comparative Legal Guide to: Enforcement of Foreign Judgments 2016 Chapter 18 Japan” Global Legal Group Limited (March 2016) (Co-author)



Japanese (native)

English (fluent)

Nicola is global head of the Employment and Incentives Group and is a very well-known figure in the employment world with significant experience across the breadth of employment law. She tackles the most complex of employment litigation and advice with extensive experience of High Court and Tribunal litigation including acting for Commerzbank in the largest bonus litigation in the UK and in the seminal case of Commerzbank v Keen. She is listed as a leading individual in Legal500 and is regularly cited in the press as an authority in employment law matters. Her core clients regard her as the point of contact for their most challenging and sensitive matters. She is also regularly involved in litigation with multiple jurisdictions. In addition to her extensive litigation experience, she has advised numerous institutions on the employment aspects of purchases, related hirings, terminations, restrictive covenants and team moves and has managed large global projects in relation to redundancies, compensation reviews and the employment aspects of regulatory investigations. Nicola is particularly interested in effective whistleblowing; she provided feedback to the Whistleblowing Commission and initiated the Linklaters Listen Up! Campaign which brought together leading academics and figures in the whistleblowing space in a panel discussion.

Although now full-time, Nicola is also a believer in flexible working and was listed by the Financial Times as a Power Part-Timer in 2012. She was also listed as a top 20 LGBT ally by OUTstanding in October 2014 and 2015. She is a firm believer in the importance of diversity and regularly speaks at events that focus on people management, leadership and diversity.