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International Arbitration 2018

Speaker(s): Ania Farren, Brandon J. Malone, Christian Leathley, Fara Tabatabai, Greig Taylor, James Hope, Jennifer Kirby, John Fellas, Laura R. Hardin, Laurence Shore, Louis Flannery, Michelangelo Cicogna, Naoki Iguchi, Pedro A. Batista Martins, Peter Leaver, Samaa A. Haridi, Sarah J. Grimmer, Tai-Heng Cheng, Thomas G. Allen
Recorded on: Jun. 4, 2018
PLI Program #: 220544



1974 – 1978

State of Rio de Janeiro University – UERJ’s School of Law.


Post-Graduation on Economics Law – Institute of Economics Law Studies (IEDE) – Coordinated by Prof. Alfredo Lamy Filho and Prof. José Luiz Bulhões Pedreira).


Course of American and International Law– International and Corporation Law Center – Academy of American and International Law – University of Texas – Dallas-USA – Scholarship awarded by the Southwestern Legal Foundation).

1991 – 1998

Professor on Commercial Law at the Universidade Cândido Mendes’ School of Law.

2004 – 2012

Coordinator and Professor of GVLaw course on Arbitration.

2007 – 2011

Coordinator of the Module “Alternative Dispute Resolution and Arbitration” of FGV Direito Rio’s Program of Continual Education.

2005 – 2006

Advanced Studies on Commercial Law – San Pablo-CEU University, Madrid.




2003 onward

Founding Partner of Batista Martins Advogados.

2004 – 2006

Advisory Counsel at Barbosa, Müssnich & Aragão Advogados.

2001 – 2005

Member of the administrative tax court of Rio de Janeiro’s Municipality.

1999 – 2003

Empresa Brasileira de Telecomunicações S. A. (Brazilian Telecommunications Company) – EMBRATEL – General Counsel in charge of the legal department.

1998 – 1999

Globo Cabo Holding S.A. – General Counsel responsible for the legal area of the telecommunications segment (cable TV) of Globo Organizations.

1991 – 1998

Texaco of Brazil S.A. – Petroleum Products

1981 – 1993

Evaldo Ramos – Advogados Associados




Co-author of the Brazilian Arbitration Law, author of 4 books, over 50 articles on arbitration, and over 20 articles on other branches of law, including a commentary on the negotiable instruments chapter of the Brazilian Civil Code. Took part in more than 250 lectures and conferences.

Ania Farren is a partner in the International Arbitration Group at Berwin Leighton Paisner LLP. She represents clients on a wide area of dispute resolution matters, with particular emphasis in international arbitration and litigation.  Ania has advised clients in arbitrations conducted under the auspices of various institutions, including the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA), the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) and the American Arbitration Association (AAA).  Ania is on the Membership Council of ICC UK and the UK representative for ICC YAF (a member of the Regional Co-ordinating Committee for Europe and Russia). 

Ania is ranked in Chambers and Legal 500, and she was also ranked 5th most highly regarded arbitration partner under 45 in Europe, in Who’s Who Legal Arbitration Future Leaders 2018. She is Vice Chair of the ICC UK Committee on Arbitration and ADR. As well as appearing as counsel, Ania also sits as arbitrator.

Christian Leathley is co-head of the Latin America group and specializes in international commercial and investment arbitration.  He is New York and English law qualified (based full time in New York).  He has acted for and advised individuals, corporations and sovereign states in cases arising from all major industry sectors, including under the rules of the ICC, ICSID, LCIA, AAA (ICDR), CAS and UNCITRAL, as well as having litigation experience in the U.K., U.S. and overseas.

Christian regularly appears as an advocate before arbitral tribunals in many different jurisdictions in both English and Spanish. He also frequently lectures on international arbitration, is currently adjunct professor at New York University School of Law, and was formerly a visiting professor at the University Of Pennsylvania School Of Law.

Christian was recently recognized by peers as being in the Global Top 10 of "Future Leaders in Arbitration" by Who's Who Legal (2017) survey. 

He has a particular focus on disputes relating to Latin America, and has authored a number of books, articles and other legal publications including International Dispute Resolution in Latin America: An Institutional Overview (published by Kluwer Law International in 2007, new edition forthcoming in 2017). His sectoral experience includes the energy sector (oil and gas as well as renewables), mining, banking, infrastructure and telecommunications.

Christian has extensive experience in the practice of public international law and has appeared before a number of different international courts and tribunals.  He also has experience of working at the Organization of American States in Washington, D.C., where he worked at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

He is fluent in both English and Spanish and has a working knowledge of Brazilian Portuguese

Fara Tabatabai is Counsel in Hughes Hubbard’s New York office.  Her practice focuses on complex commercial, products liability, securities, and employment litigation and arbitration.  She represents clients in a variety of industries, including the banking, pharmaceutical, telecommunications, and technology industries, and has particular expertise in cross-border disputes.  She is experienced in international commercial arbitration, as well as investment treaty arbitration before the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, and served as litigation and trial counsel for the European debtor of Nortel Networks in the first U.S.-Canadian cross-border trial in history.

Ms. Tabatabai is also committed to providing quality pro bono legal services.  She has received several awards for her pro bono work, including two Legal Aid Society awards for her role in litigation against New York State to increase housing subsidies for low-income families and a Commitment to Justice Award for her work on an immigration case for Her Justice, an organization that provides legal services to low-income women.

Ms. Tabatabai currently serves as Vice President of the Iranian American Bar Association’s New York Chapter and as a Member of the Corporate Leadership Committee of the New York Women’s Foundation.

Greig Taylor is a senior managing director in FTI Consulting’s Economic and Financial Consulting group, and is a member of the firm’s International Arbitration practice, based in New York.  His practice specialises in the assessment of damages and related quantum issues, and the provision of expert testimony, in the context of disputes, domestic and international.

Greig has testified and worked on numerous international arbitration matters for both claimants and respondents, under various institutions including ICC, ICDR, ICSID, DIAC, the Stockholm, Zurich, Nigerian and Brazilian Chambers of Commerce, and ad-hoc proceedings under UNCITRAL rules and various free-trade agreements.  Greig is listed in The International Who’s Who of Commercial Arbitration since 2014 as a leading expert witness. His primary expertise and experience relates to the identification, quantification and valuation of lost profits, business enterprise value and wasted costs in matters involving alleged expropriation and breach of contract.  Greig also assists clients in the preparation of economic determinations of contracts and agreements in contentious and non-contentious settings.

Greig’s experience also encompasses large-scale forensic accounting assignments, SEC investigations, and buy-sell disputes.  Greig’s clients have involved companies and governments from around the globe including the UK, Eastern and continental Europe, MENA, Asia, and Central, South and North America.  The range of Greig’s industry experience encompasses upstream oil and gas, energy, aviation, mining, shipping, retail, real estate, financial services, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, and construction.

Prior to joining FTI Consulting in February 2011, Greig was a senior manager in one of the Big 4 public accounting firms’ forensic and dispute services group based in New York and London. Prior to that, Greig was an auditor in the one of the Big 4 public accounting firms based in London where he audited public and private companies, primarily in the energy, infrastructure and resources industries under UK GAAP and IFRS.

Education: B.A. (Hons) in Modern History, University of Manchester, England

Certifications: Chartered Accountant, Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and Wales, Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of England and Wales    

James Hope is head of international arbitration at the Stockholm office of Advokatfirman Vinge KB in Stockholm, Sweden.  He is a dual-qualified Swedish Advokat and English Solicitor-Advocate, and is well placed to compare common law and civil law practices and procedures.

He has acted as counsel or arbitrator in more than 75 international arbitration cases, ranging from small cases worth around USD 100,000 to highly complex cases worth more than USD 50 billion.  He has particular experience of energy disputes.

James has sat as arbitrator in international arbitrations under the ICC, SCC, Danish Institute of Arbitration, UNCITRAL and Finnish Chamber of Commerce arbitration rules, in Stockholm, London, Paris, Copenhagen and Helsinki, under Swedish, English, Danish, Russian, Ukrainian and Finnish substantive laws, as well as under CISG.  He is a Member of the CIETAC panel list of arbitrators and the Asian International Arbitration Centre (AIAC) panel of arbitrators.  He is also a CEDR Accredited Mediator.

In addition to private practice, James is a member of the Board of the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce.  He is also a part-time supervisor and lecturer for the Masters Program in International Commercial Arbitration Law at Stockholm University, and a guest lecturer at Edinburgh University and at Uppsala University.

James is fluent in English and Swedish. 

Laura Hardin is a Managing Director Alvarez & Marsal Disputes and Investigations, LLC in Houston, TX USA. Ms. Hardin has over 20 years of experience providing business valuation, quantum assessments and forensic accounting services on a variety of engagements. Ms. Hardin was recently recognized as one of the most highly regarded experts in the Global Arbitration Review’s “Who’s Who” of International Arbitration Expert Witnesses.

Ms. Hardin has provided expert guidance on the calculated damages for both investment treaty and commercial matters and has submitted evidence in international arbitration cases brought before ICC, ICDR, LCIA, SCC, ICSID, and ad hoc tribunals. She has experience in disputes in a variety of industries including energy, telecommunications, real estate development, metals and mining, aviation and general manufacturing. Ms. Hardin has worked as a consultant and party-appointed expert for private entities and high-net worth individuals, as well as sovereign governments and government-owned entities.

Ms. Hardin is a frequent speaker on business valuation topics, quantum topics, and on specific issues relating to businesses in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Ms. Hardin is fluent in Russian, has testified in Russian courts, and has worked extensively on engagements involving entities in Russia and the CIS in particular, but and in Latin America, Europe and Africa and the Middle East.

Prior to joining Alvarez & Marsal Global Forensic and Dispute Services, Ms. Hardin was a Vice President with CRA, and held prior roles with FTI Consulting, Navigant Consulting and PwC in Houston and in Moscow, Russia. Ms. Hardin holds a MBA from The George Washington University and a BA in Russian language and literature from Wesleyan University. She is also a certified valuation analyst (CVA) with National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts.  

Laurence Shore is a partner in BonelliErede’s Milan office. He leads the firm’s International Arbitration Focus Team.  Laurence previously practiced law in New York City, London, and Washington, D.C., has been counsel in many international cases, and also sits as an arbitrator. He is a member of the New York, Virginia, and District of Columbia Bars, and is a solicitor of the Senior Courts of England and Wales.  Laurence’s law degree is from Emory University; he earned a Ph.D. in History from Johns Hopkins University.

Laurence has taught international commercial arbitration courses at NYU Law School and the Washington College of Law, American University.  His publications on arbitration issues include (as a co-author), “International Investment Arbitration: Substantive Principles” (OUP, second edition, 2017), a leading text on treaty arbitration.

Michelangelo Cicogna is a partner in De Berti Jacchia Law Firm's Milan office. His practice over the last 25 years has mainly focused on arbitration and ADR.

As counsel, Michelangelo has acted in both ad hoc and institutional arbitrations, mainly under the rules of the ICC, ICSID, UNCITRAL, the Milan Chamber of Arbitration, A.I.A., Vienna International Arbitration Center, the Madrid Arbitration Court, the Chamber of Arbitration of Bucharest and MKAS, handling numerous complex arbitrations including multiparty disputes and parallel proceedings.

As arbitrator, he has served as chairman, sole arbitrator or co-arbitrator in a number of arbitrations under the ICC rules, the Milan rules and the UNCITRAL rules as well as in ad hoc arbitrations.

His arbitral work predominantly relates to construction or infrastructure projects, insurance coverage issues, IT and telecoms, joint ventures and consortia and general commercial matters.

He also regularly serves as mediator in international and domestic mediations.

Michelangelo has written extensively on mediation and arbitration matters and is the co-author of one of the most widely used reference books for ADR practitioners in Italy. He frequently speaks at conferences on international arbitration and ADR.

He is a member of the ICC commission on arbitration, Chair of the IBA Subcommittee on Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards, former president of the AIJA international arbitration commission and vice chair of the international arbitration committee of the American Bar Association's section of international law. He is co-founder and co-chair of ArbIt, the Italian Forum for Arbitration and ADR. He is recognized by his peers in the Who’s Who of International Commercial Arbitration as one of the leading Italian practitioners.

Michelangelo was educated at the Catholic University of Milan. He teaches Advocacy in International Arbitration at Luigi Bocconi University in Milan.

He has been working at the Milan Chamber of Arbitration from 1997 to 1999 acting as counsel in both domestic and international arbitration and mediation cases.

He is fluent in Italian, English and French and speaks some Spanish.

Peter Leaver is an experienced full-time international commercial arbitrator, recommended in Chambers and Partners and The Legal 500. He is praised for the way he “gets to the core of the matter” and is someone who is “really on top of the case”. He sits as arbitrator in a broad spread of commercial disputes, and has noted expertise in the sports arena. He is a member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (MCIArb) and appointed to the Law Society’s Accreditation Panel of Arbitrators. He is also a member of the Singapore International Arbitration Centre Panel and the Hong Kong Arbitration Centre Panel.

Through his extensive practice at the Bar, Peter Leaver has experience in many areas of commercial law, including banking, insurance and financial services cases, and related jurisdictional questions. In addition to his experience in international commercial arbitration, Peter Leaver has had considerable experience as an arbitrator in the sports sector. He was appointed as the only British member of the Court of Arbitration for Sport Ad-Hoc Tribunal UEFA 2000 and 2004, and the FIFA World Cup 2006.


  • April 2012 - present     Nagashima Ohno & Tsunematsu Tokyo, Japan
  • Partner April 2012 - present


  • 2000 Japan
  • 2006 Passed New York State Bar Examination (not registered)


  • Arbitration in Sri Lanka as counsel to a Japanese construction company against a Sri Lankan governmental agent with respect to a road construction/renovation project in Sri Lanka;
  • Arbitration in Vietnam as counsel to a Japanese construction company with respect to a highway construction in Vietnam;
  • Arbitration in Indonesia for a Japanese construction company with respect to an elevated road in Indonesia;
  • Arbitration in Malaysia as counsel to a Japanese construction company with respect to a joint-venture interest transaction in Malaysia;
  • Arbitration in Japan as counsel to a Japanese construction company with respect to a joint-venture dispute for the project in Qatar;
  • Arbitration in Japan as counsel to a Japanese construction company with respect to a joint-venture dispute for the project in Vietnam;
  • Arbitration in Japan as counsel to a Japanese construction company with respect to a supply of construction materials in Vietnam;
  • Arbitration and post-award procedures in Vietnam against a Vietnamese governmental agency as counsel to a Japanese construction company with respect to broadcasting station construction project in Vietnam; and
  • Arbitration and post-award procedures in Taiwan as counsel to a Japanese construction company with respect to an underground railway construction project in Taiwan


  • Arbitration in US as counsel to a Japanese company with respect to a license agreement with a US company;
  • Arbitration in Japan as counsel to a Japanese company with respect to an intellectual property license agreement with an Italian company;
  • Arbitration in Japan as counsel to a Japanese company with respect to a distributorship agreement with a Kuwaiti company;
  • Arbitration in Japan as counsel to a Korean company with respect to a distributorship agreement with a Japanese company;
  • Arbitration in Japan as counsel to a Korean company with respect to a manufacturing agreement with a Japanese company; and
  • Arbitration in Taiwan as counsel to a Taiwanese company with respect to a manufacturing agreement with a Japanese company.

Samaa A. Haridi is a partner in the International Arbitration Group of Hogan Lovells.         Ms. Haridi has significant experience representing corporations and financial institutions from various parts of the world, and has represented parties in proceedings under the arbitration rules of all the major arbitral institutions.  Ms. Haridi also frequently sits as an arbitrator in international disputes.

Ms. Haridi has been ranked by clients and peers in Chambers USA and Chambers Global for International Arbitration. She has been singled out by clients for her “brilliant,” “no-nonsense and impressive” approach, and regularly handles commercial and investor-state arbitrations involving the Middle East. Sources also acknowledge her as being "hard-working and very entrepreneurial," as well as a "unique practitioner with unique skills" who delivers “clear and intelligent arguments.”  She is also recognized by The Legal 500, and by Who’s Who Legal: Lawyers — Arbitration.

She is currently serving as an officer in a number of arbitral organizations, including as chair of the Investment Arbitration Subcommittee of the International Bar Association and co-chair of the Workstream on Arbitration of Islamic Finance Disputes of the ICC Task Force on Financial Institutions and International Arbitration.  Samaa also is a frequent speaker at conferences around the globe.

Born in Switzerland, Ms. Haridi grew up in Belgium, Egypt, Morocco, and France.  She holds a  Diplôme d'Etudes Approfondies in Private International Law and International Business Transactions from the University of Paris I (Sorbonne); and an LL.M. in Comparative Law from the University Of San Diego School Of Law, where she was a Sorbonne Scholar.

Ms. Haridi is a member of the bars of New York, California, and England & Wales.

She is fluent in French and Arabic and is also conversant in Spanish.

SARAH GRIMMER is Secretary-General of the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre. She was formerly senior legal counsel at the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), where she acted as registrar in inter-state arbitrations and tribunal secretary in investor-state arbitrations and arbitrations involving state entities. She also advised the Secretary-General of the PCA on appointing authority functions under the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules and represented the PCA at sessions of the UNCITRAL Working Groups II and III. Prior to working at the PCA, Sarah served at the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) International Court of Arbitration and at Shearman & Sterling LLP in Paris. Before that she was in private practice in New Zealand. Sarah has an LL.M. from Cambridge University and an LLB/BA (Criminology) from Victoria University of Wellington. She is admitted to practice law in New Zealand.

In 2017, Sarah was appointed chairperson of the Mauritius Chamber of Commerce and Industry Arbitration and Mediation Center Advisory Board. She is also a member of the joint International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA)–The American Society of International Law Task Force on Damages, the Global Arbitration Review Board of Advisors, the ICCA Publications Committee, and the New Zealand ICC Arbitration Committee. From 2015 to 2017, she was appointed to the Disciplinary Board for Defence Counsel at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Prior memberships include the International Bar Association (IBA) Investment Arbitration Subcommittee and the IBA Arb40 Steering Committee.

Tai-Heng Cheng chairs the New York international arbitration practice of Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP.  He has achieved 9-figure victories in investor-state and commercial arbitrations, worldwide, as well as in US litigation and regulatory investigations. 

Dr. Cheng has over 15 years of experience as an attorney.  He has also served as tribunal chair or co-arbitrator in more than a dozen arbitrations with $8bn. to $5mm. at stake, and is a member of the arbitration panels of arbitration institutions in North America, Europe and Asia.

Dr. Cheng is ranked as one of the top 10 arbitration practitioners in North and South America under 45 by Who’s Who Legal, and has also been recognized in Chambers Global and Chambers USA for international arbitration, Euromoney’s Guide to the World’s Leading Experts in Commercial Arbitration, Benchmark Litigation’s Rising Stars, and Benchmark Litigation’s Under 40 Hot List.  Who’s Who Legal states that Dr. Cheng “excels in the commercial and investment arbitration spheres due to ‘his strong advocacy skills, understanding of economic issues and astute case strategies.”  Chambers has reported that “the ‘formidable’ Tai-Heng Cheng receives particular praise for his ‘very good negotiating skills’ in the context of arbitral proceedings.”  A Stockholm Chamber of Commerce arbitration tribunal issued an award praising Dr. Cheng’s presentation at the hearing as “a remarkably eloquent and intelligent address . . . with which the arbitrators of course full-heartedly agree in all respects.”  Awards rendered by Dr. Cheng have been confirmed by U.S. District and Appeals courts as well as non-U.S. courts.  A U.S. court has complemented one of Dr. Cheng’s awards as “thorough and well-reasoned.”  

He is an elected fellow of the College of Commercial Arbitrators, the American Law Institute and the Foreign Policy Association, and serves on the boards of several professional and civic associations.  

Prior to joining the firm, Dr. Cheng was a tenured professor of international law in the United States.  U.S. Federal Circuit and District Courts have cited and relied on his scholarship as authoritative.  Dr. Cheng has a J.S.D. and LL.M. degree from Yale Law School and first class honors in law from Oxford University.

Dr. Cheng is bilingual in English and Mandarin.

Brandon Malone is a solicitor advocate and arbitrator practicing in Edinburgh and London.  He is the principal of the niche commercial dispute practice Brandon Malone & Company (  Dealing with a wide range of disputes over the last 25 years, Brandon has a particular focus on construction, energy, and infrastructure cases.

In 2010 Brandon advised the Scottish Government on the establishment of a national arbitration body for Scotland, and proposed the model of the Scottish Arbitration Centre.  He has been Chairman of the Centre’s Board, since it was set up in 2011 and is a Co-Director of the International Centre for Energy Arbitration, the Centre’s joint project with CEPMLP at the University of Dundee.

Brandon is an experienced arbitrator.  He is appointed to the arbitrator panels of ICDR, CIETAC, AIAC (formerly KLRCA) and BCDR-AAA and is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators.

In 2016, Brandon led the successful bid to host ICCA 2020 in Edinburgh, and is chairs the host organization.

In the academic field, Brandon is an Honorary Lecturer at the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee.  He is also lectures on the Construction LLM at the University of Strathclyde, and is an External Examiner on the Construction and Arbitration LLM at Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen.

Brandon is currently chairing the ICCA – NYC Bar – CPR Institute Working Group on Cybersecurity in International Arbitration.

He is a member of the ICC UK Arbitration and ADR Committee.

Jennifer Kirby is an internationally recognized arbitration expert, who acts as counsel and sits as arbitrator in a wide variety of arbitration matters.  Her experience covers a range of disputes, including those concerning construction and engineering projects, distribution agreements, hotel management, shareholder agreements and mergers and acquisitions.  She has experience under all major institutional and ad hoc arbitral rules.  She also sits as an arbitrator for the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

Jennifer began her career with a multinational firm as a New York litigator, representing clients in both international arbitrations and complex commercial litigations, with a particular focus on securities, insurance, mergers and acquisitions and white-collar criminal cases.  From there, Jennifer went to the ICC International Court of Arbitration, where she served as both Counsel and Deputy Secretary General before leaving to join a multinational law firm as a partner in their arbitration group.  In 2010, Jennifer founded her own boutique arbitration practice – Kirby – in Paris.

The cases Jennifer has worked on cover the full economic spectrum, from relatively straightforward sale of goods disputes to complex cases concerning state contracts for the development of significant infrastructure projects, and involve parties and arbitrators from around the world.

While at the ICC, Global Arbitration Review named Jennifer one of the 45 top arbitration lawyers under the age of 45.  Since then, Jennifer has been recognized by Chambers Global as “a true expert in ICC-related disputes” and by The Who’s Who of International Arbitration as a “very sharp” global player in the field.

Jennifer regularly publishes in the field, speaks at international arbitration conferences in the Americas, Europe and Asia and sits on a variety of expert groups helping to shape the future of international arbitration.

Jennifer studied History at Cambridge and Columbia Universities, and obtained her law degree at the University of Virginia School of Law.  She is admitted to the New York Bar and speaks English and French.

John Fellas is an full-time arbitrator at Fellas Arbitration and an adjunct professor at New York University School of Law, teaching international commercial arbitration. He can be reached at

Until December 2020, John was a partner and co-chair of the International Arbitration group at Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP in New York, where he practiced for over 30 years. He has acted as counsel and has served as co-arbitrator, chair or sole arbitrator in arbitrations all over the world, under all the major arbitration rules, and across a range of sectors.  John is recognized as a leading international arbitrator by all the major legal directories including Chambers USA where he is ranked as “one of the best—his reputation is phenomenal and deserved.” In 2019, he was recognized as the Best Lawyer in New York for International Arbitration – Commercial by Best Lawyers. In 2020, he was identified as one of the “Global Elite Thought Leaders” in Arbitration by Who’s Who Legal, which noted that the “eminent” John Fellas is “an excellent arbitrator.”

John has practiced in both the US and the UK, and, in addition to being a member of the New York Bar, he is a solicitor of the Supreme Court of England and Wales (non-practising). He received a B.A. (Hons.) in law from the University of Durham, and both an LL.M. and an S.J.D. from Harvard Law School.

Louis specialises in arbitration and litigation with a particular emphasis on fraud and conflict of law issues. He is a regular speaker on arbitration and civil fraud at conferences all over the world.

Louis has extensive experience of international commercial arbitration under the major institutional rules (LCIA, ICC, UNCITRAL, SCC, etc) as well as substantial High Court litigation in England. He was named as a leading international arbitration practitioner in "Who's Who Legal: Arbitration Lawyers 2018" and is recognised as a leading individual in commercial arbitration by Legal 500, Chambers and Partners and Global Arbitration Review.

As a practising solicitor advocate, he has undertaken advocacy before international tribunals and courts, including the High Court and Court of Appeal. Louis has acted or advised in relation to commercial disputes for over 30 years and has been involved in many reported decisions in England.

Louis became a QC (Queen's Counsel) in 2018, one of only a few international arbitration solicitor practitioners to achieve that distinction. He is also co-author of Merkin and Flannery on the Arbitration Act 1996, the leading authority on the English Arbitration Act, and which has already been cited with approval in two Court of Appeal cases since its publication in January 2020.

Thomas G. Allen is a litigator, focusing his practice on international arbitration and cross-border disputes. He represents clients in a variety of industries with an emphasis on energy, manufacturing, construction, and aviation. Thomas has wide-ranging experience in high-value international and U.S. arbitrations. He also litigates the enforceability of arbitration clauses and arbitration awards in U.S. Courts. Thomas is a frequent lecturer on international arbitration topics and is a former adjunct professor in the international arbitration discipline. Before concentrating on international arbitration, Thomas began his career as a commercial litigator and has tried cases to verdict in both state and federal court. Thomas also counsels foreign and domestic clients on various U.S. government investigations and enforcement proceedings.