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International Employment Law 2014

Speaker(s): Anders Etgen Reitz, Bettina Bender, Daniel Fisher, Donald C. Dowling, Jr., Dr. Gerlind Wisskirchen, Dr. Timon Grau, Eva Knipschild, Gary R. Siniscalco, Hideki Thurgood Kano, Ingrid Busson-Hall, Johan Lubbe, John J. Imhoff, John W. Hamlin, Juan Carlos Varela, Louise Patry, Martin L. Schmelkin, Mercedes Balado Bevilacqua, Michael A. Sirgado, Orrie Dinstein, Philip M. Berkowitz, Philip N. Storm, Ronnie Neville, Roselyn S. Sands, Shalini Agarwal, Silvia Hernandez, Solon De Almeida Cunha, T.M.J. (Dorothe) Smits, Wendi S. Lazar, Xiaolin Zhou
Recorded on: Jun. 10, 2014
PLI Program #: 51770

Anders Etgen Reitz a partner and heads the HR legal team at IUNO.

Anders is recognized as one of Denmark’s leading employment lawyers. He is a specialist in international employment law and advises leading multinationals on conducting business in the Nordic region and around the globe. Anders has acted in numerous cases regarding incentive and stock option plans; restrictive covenant infringements; cross- border transactions; mergers; restructurings; immigration issues; and data protection. He advises clients from a broad range of industrial sectors including inter alia: information technology; consultancy; transport; financial services; telecommunications; life science and media.

Anders is a regular speaker at international conferences on employment law issues. Anders co-edited “Social Media and Employment Law. An International Survey” and was sole editor of the book International Practitioner's Deskbook Series: Labor and Employment Law in the New Eu Member and Candidate States. Anders has also written a number of articles on national and international employment law.

Anders is a chair of the Advisory Board and former Co-Chair of the Global Employment Institute (GEI) an former Co-Chair of the Discrimination and Equality Law Committee of the International Bar Association (IBA) as well as a former Co-Chair of the American Bar Association (ABA) - International Employment Law Committee.

Anders was one of the founding board members of the Danish Employment Lawyers Association (Ansættelsesadvokater) and an active member of the European Employment Lawyers Association (EELA).

Anders received his Master's Degree in Law in 2000 from the University of Copenhagen. He has pursued his international studies at Oxford and Harvard, and in 2005 he received an LL.M. in labour and employment law from New York University.

Daniel Fisher
Head of Human Resources
Senior Vice President, Munich Reinsurance America, Inc.

Daniel Fisher is Head of Human Resources and Senior Vice President at Munich Reinsurance America, Inc. Daniel also serves as Regional Head of Human Resources for all of Munich Re’s North American P&C and Health companies. He is a member of the Munich Re Global HR leadership team developing and driving group-wide strategies.

Prior to coming to the U.S., Daniel was Director of HR for Munich Re’s London operations.  Daniel established an HR shared-service function providing support to four established business units and two start-up operations.  He also had regional responsibility for Africa and Ireland, and supported a new venture in Hong Kong.

Prior to joining Munich Re in 2003, Daniel worked as an executive consultant for a leading management consultancy.  Before that, he was HR Manager at a large U.K. retailer.

Daniel has a degree from the London School of Economics and a Masters in HR and Industrial Relations from the Manchester School of Management.  He is a member of the Chartered Institute of Personnel Management.

Daniel moved from London to the Princeton area in 2009 with his wife and three children.

Donald C. Dowling has extensive experience advising U.S.-based companies on outbound international labor and employment laws. Don provides counsel on a wide variety of global employment law matters, including codes of conduct and HR policies that guide operations in multiple jurisdictions, international compensation and benefits issues, whistleblower hotlines, and cross-border internal investigations and HR compliance audits. He regularly advises clients on employment matters that arise with international restructurings, reductions in force, mergers, acquisitions, and outsourcing. Additionally, Don helps clients properly engage independent contractors overseas, manage expatriate programs, and develop employment agreements and employee handbooks.

Earlier in his career, Don served as in-house international employment counsel for a Fortune 500 company in Paris and as an employment law consultant for a global consulting firm. He has delivered hundreds of presentations on international employment law issues in English and Spanish in countries around the world, and regularly publishes articles and teaches courses on a variety of global employment law topics.

Professional & Community Affiliations

Member, Advisory Board
New York University School of Law’s Center for Labor & Employment Law

Former Chair
Cross-Border HR Group


Named, America's Leading Lawyers for Business
Chambers USA 2017

Named, Legal 500
US Labor & Employment, Workplace and Employment Counseling

Named, Super Lawyer
New York
Super Lawyers

Named, Attorneys Who Matter
Ethisphere Institute

Named, Leading International Labor/Employment Lawyer
PLC Which Lawyer?

Order of the Coif


  • J.D., Levin College of Law at University of Florida, 1985
  • A.B., University of Chicago, 1982


  • Spanish

Bar Admission

New York


  • U.S. Court of Appeals, 6th Circuit
  • U.S. District Court, Southern District of Ohio

Gary Siniscalco, Senior Counsel and Co-Chair of the EEO & OFCCP Compliance Group, has significant experience advising clients on complex employment litigation and advisory matters. He has particular experience in counseling and litigation defense for clients on equal opportunity, affirmative action (OFCCP) compliance, wrongful discharge, wage-and-hour matters and in working with companies on cross-border employment issues.

Gary has handled numerous class actions, pattern and practice cases and government audits, in court and before the EEOC and Department of Labor. He brings a particularly unique perspective to clients on matters involving the EEOC, having served as regional counsel and senior trial attorney for the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in San Francisco prior to joining Orrick.

Gary also has an extensive class actions practice, focusing on litigation, consent decree strategies and preventive advice. He has been designated as an expert or retained as special counsel in several federal court class actions throughout the United States.

Gary’s counseling practice extends beyond the United States and includes assisting U.S. multinational companies in dealing with complex employee issues in foreign jurisdictions

Gary has written numerous articles on employment law. Most recently, he is Management Editor-in-Chief of a two-volume treatise--Restrictive Covenants and Trade Secrets in Employment Law: An International Survey (BNA, 2010). Gary is co-author of “The Pay Gap, the Class Ceiling, and Pay Bias: Moving Forward Fifty Years After the Equal Pay Act”, ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law, Vol 29, November 3 (Spring 2014), and “The Law of Employment Discrimination from 1985-2010,” ABA Journal of Labor & Employment Law, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Spring 2010).

Gary is widely recognized as one the top management employment lawyers in the United States by every major ranking organization, including Chambers USA, the National Law Journal, Best of the Best USA (Euromoney), and Who’s Who Legal. Among management employment lawyers in the United States and Europe, Gary is ranked in the top 10 of Who’s Who international management labor and employment lawyers and is described as “absolutely superb.”

Gary also serves regularly on the NYU faculty for training federal judges on employment law, the OFCCP Institute, PLI International Employment Law and ABA Labor and Employment Law Section programs.

Gerlind Wisskirchen specializes in advising international groups, providing added value through analytical expertise as well as precise and strategic recommendations. Her endeavors extend beyond simply providing legal advice. She and her team are performance-driven and creative and strive to forge workable and strategic client-focused solutions so that businesses can achieve their business objectives. Part of this advice is project management, thus understanding the relevant factors, defining the goals, selecting the best methods and tools, and precisely implementing the set objectives. Gerlind advises multinational groups with a focus on restructurings, national and international labor and employment law and compliance issues. Acting as a strategic advisor to the management or serving as advisory board member, she assists with the development of business plans and strategies from an HR and labor and employment law perspective. As an expert for the digitalization of the workplace, she has published the "Artificial Intelligence and Robotics and Their Impact on the Workplace" report for the Global Employment Institute and testified as expert before the German and European parliament.

In a globalized world in which national borders are increasingly diminishing and corporations are facing global challenges, she has particular expertise in cross-border projects like business reorganizations (outsourcing, off-shoring), compliance issues, cross-border compensation programs, cross-border audits and internal investigations, board level codetermination, matrix structures of multinational corporations, the European works council, the implementation of codes of conduct, whistleblowing systems and IT-systems, and data privacy protection issues. She developed the "EU Labor & Employment Law Navigator", a comparative analysis of the labor and employment law systems in Europe.

Gerlind is a regular moderator and panelist at national and international conferences on the legal issues of international HR management and on issues of cross-border labor and employment law, such as the International Bar Association, the American Bar Association and the American Employment Law Council. She is a lecturer for the MBA program "International Human Resources Management" at Cranfield University, UK, one of Europe’s leading Business Schools, and has published numerous articles in German and in English.

From 1991 to 1995, Gerlind worked for two US law firms before joining the international department of the German Federal Ministry of Finance. She joined CMS in 1998 and was made partner in 2003.

Ingrid Busson-Hall
Executive Director, Morgan Stanley

Ingrid Busson-Hall is an Executive Director at Morgan Stanley in the Bank Regulatory Legal Group. Ms. Busson-Hall advises business units and support functions throughout the global Morgan Stanley network on the implications of U.S. banking laws and regulations. In this capacity, she provides strategic regulatory advice in support of businesses affected under the Dodd-Frank Act, e.g., Volcker Rule, Resolution Planning, Enhanced Prudential Standards, as well as the application of the Bank Holding Company Act (BHCA) and its implementing regulations. With respect to the introduction of new products and services, as well as strategic transactions, Ms. Busson-Hall advises her clients on how to best advance business objectives within the U.S. regulatory framework.

Prior to joining Morgan Stanley, Ms. Busson-Hall was Associate General Counsel for Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank where she managed a team responsible for all regulatory matters in the Americas. While with Credit Agricole CIB, she regularly advised senior management in the U.S. and throughout the global network on regulatory and related strategic business initiatives, including institutional response to reforms under the Dodd-Frank Act (e.g. Swap Dealer Registration, Volcker Rule, Resolution Planning), the application of the BHCA, OFAC, BSA/AML, and FCPA.

Before joining Credit Agricole CIB, Ms. Busson-Hall, was an Associate at Skadden, Arps, Slate, and Meagher & Flom LLP in New York and Washington, DC.

Ms. Busson is an active member of the ABA Section of International Law. She currently serves as the Section’s Deputy Liaison Officer and Co-Chair of the Section’s 2014 Spring Meeting. She previously served as Division Chair to the Constituent Division, the Section’s Diversity Officer, Co-Chair of the Section’s 2008 Spring Meeting, Chair of the Law Student and New Lawyer Outreach Committee, and Vice-Chair of the International Corporate Counsel Committee. Ms. Busson-Hall is the recipient of the Section’s 2013 Outstanding Corporate Counsel Award.

Ms. Busson earned her J.D., cum laude, and a Master of Studies in Environmental Law, magna cum laude, from Vermont Law School in 1999. Since graduating, she has maintained a strong commitment to VLS and often returns to campus to conduct workshops with students on career planning and effective networking.

Ms. Busson received a B.A. summa cum laude in Government and Geography, with high honors in both disciplines, from Clark University in 1996. She currently serves the Clark University Alumni Board. Ms. Busson is a member of the bars of the State of New York and the District of Columbia.

Johan Lubbe is a shareholder at Littler Mendelson, the largest management-side workplace law firm in the U.S.  The firm has over 950 employment lawyers in 56 offices across the U.S., Mexico and Venezuela.  Johan is the U.S. Practice Co-Chair of the firm’s International Employment Law Practice Group.

Johan Lubbe provides strategic advice and counseling to multinational employers on a wide range of global employment law, labor relations, human resources, and data privacy matters. Who's Who Legal noted in its survey that Johan is "greatly admired" for his expertise in data privacy and the workplace. Johan also regularly advises foreign companies that do business in the U.S. on the compliance requirements of U.S. workplace law. Johan is an experienced trial lawyer and negotiator with unions.

Johan holds law degrees from leading law schools in the U.S., England and South Africa.  He started his legal career as a labor lawyer in South Africa and has been practicing in the U.S. for the past 18 years. He has authored a number of articles on cross-border employment issues, and is a frequent speaker at international employment law conferences in the U.S. and overseas.

Johan is recognized as a leading employment lawyer in a number of publications, including Best Lawyers in the U.S., Practical Law Company’s Labour and Employee Benefits Cross-border Handbook, Euromoney’s Guide to the World’s Leading Labour and Employment Lawyers, The International Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers, and the Legal Media Group’s The Best of the Best. Johan has also been recognized as a Super Lawyer in New York since 2007.

John Hamlin is Chief Counsel, Employment, Benefits and Governance for Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc., one of the world’s leading professional services firms with over 60,000 employees in approximately 90 countries.  The firm’s operating companies include Marsh, Mercer, Guy Carpenter, and Oliver Wyman.  Prior to joining Marsh & McLennan, he was Of Counsel with the law firm of Paul, Hastings Janofsky & Walker LLP.  While in private practice, he represented employers in all aspects of labor and employment law, before various state and federal courts and administrative agencies, and provided advice on an array of personnel-related issues.  Mr. Hamlin served as a Law Clerk to the Honorable B. Avant Edenfield, Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia in Savannah.

Mr. Hamlin is a fellow of the College of Labor and Employment Lawyers.  He has published various articles on employment law and has presented at numerous seminars on assorted employment-related topics.  In 2014 he was recognized as one of The Legal 500’s GC Powerlist “Corporate Counsel 100: Rising Stars,” which recognizes leading in-house lawyers for innovation, quality and excellence.  He was selected by the International Law Office and the Association of Corporate Counsel as the recipient of the 2015 ILO Global Counsel Award for Employment Counsel of the Year.  He is the recipient of a 2016 First Chair Award for Top Employment Counsel.   

Mr. Hamlin earned a J.D. with honors from the University of Connecticut School of Law, where he was Editor-in-Chief of the Connecticut Journal of International Law

John J. Imhoff
Director, Ernst & Young Global Security

Ernst & Young named Mr. Imhoff the first Americas Director of Security in September 2002. In the aftermath of 9/11, EY created this office to upgrade its security and consolidate responsibility into a single entity. Since those early days his security responsibilities have expanded to encompass EY’s 167,000 person global organization. His remit includes emergency and business continuity planning, physical security, asset protection, executive protection, travel security, meeting and events security.

Before joining EY, Mr. Imhoff served with the FBI for more than 26 years in a variety of investigative and managerial positions. While on loan from the FBI, Mr. Imhoff was Director of INTERPOL in the United States. In that capacity Mr. Imhoff represented U.S. law enforcement to the 188 member-nation organization, overseeing thousands of international investigations and all aspects of international law enforcement liaison. Mr. Imhoff’s investigative achievements spanned the FBI’s jurisdiction, with success in the areas of white-collar crime, organized crime, and drug enforcement.

Mr. Imhoff is active in a number of security professional organizations. Currently, he is President of the International Security Management Association. He also serves on the Council of the US State Department’s Overseas Advisory Security Council; the FBI’s Domestic Security Alliance Council and; is an active member of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. Mr. Imhoff is also a member of the National Law Enforcement Museum Advisory Committee (opening in Wash. DC in 2015).

Mr. Imhoff holds a Bachelor of Arts from Loyola College (MD) with majors in Mathematics and Accounting, as well as a Masters in Business Administration from Eastern Michigan University. He is a Certified Public Accountant.

Mr. Imhoff is married to Donna Marie Bianco (nee). They have two sons.

Louise Patry is a partner in the Labour & Employment, Litigation and Corporate/ Commercial practices.

Clients turn to Louise for her expert negotiation and arbitration skills, and her practical, expedient solutions.

Companies across a broad range of industries – public and private, in Canada and internationally – choose Louise to advise on their labour and employment matters. She advises clients on employee transfers, executive compensation, downsizing and consolidations, wrongful dismissal, pay equity, workers’ compensation, health and safety issues, employment aspects of corporate mergers and acquisitions, and pension plans. Over her 36-year career, Louise has also developed significant expertise in international employment law. She routinely advocates client interests before administrative and civil tribunals.

Louise’s experience working for the Quebec Union of Service Employees has given her a unique perspective for negotiating collective agreements and related matters on behalf of her clients.

Louise volunteers her time on pro bono matters for various charities and nonprofit organizations.

Marty Schmelkin is a Managing Director, Associate General Counsel with Goldman, Sachs & Co. in New York. Marty is a member of the firm’s Employment Law Group, and his practice focuses on employment law counseling, affirmative action & diversity issues, employment discrimination arbitration and litigation. Marty has spent time in the firm’s Hong Kong office, handling employment law matters arising in the firm’s offices throughout Asia (Beijing, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore, Taipei, and Tokyo). He also covers matters arising in the firm’s non-U.S. offices in the Americas (Bermuda, Buenos Aires, Calgary, Cayman Islands, Mexico City, Santiago, Sao Paolo, and Toronto). Marty is the Chairperson of the Pro Bono Steering Committee at Goldman Sachs, where he coordinates all of the firm’s pro bono initiatives and programming. He is also a member of the Knowledge Share Committee, which provides Continuing Legal Education (CLE) programming for members of the firm’s Legal Department. Marty is a member of the Board of the Women’s Enterprise Development Center, an organization which provides training programs and support services to women business owners in Westchester County.

Marty received a Bachelor of Science degree from the School of Industrial and Labor Relations (ILR) at Cornell University in 1991, and a Juris Doctor degree from New York University School of Law in 1994. Prior to joining Goldman Sachs in 2000, Marty worked in the Employment Law Departments of Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe and O’Melveny & Myers.

Mercedes founded the firm in December 2012 after working for relevant national law firms, being partner of one for six (6) years. She graduated from Universidad de Buenos Aires with honours and holds Master’s Degree in Law (LL.M) from University of Connecticut, School of Law, U.S.A.

Mercedes is the managing partner, head of the firm and coordinates the work of the other areas when several matters are involved. She has over twenty (20) years of experience in providing local and cross border labour, social security, corporate management and human resources counsel to clients worldwide.

Considering that Employment and Labour practice in Latin-American is highly dominating by male lawyers, Mercedes has been featured among the leading lawyers in her practice area by Legal 500 Latin America for the years 2012-2020, Chambers & Partners for the years 2011-2020 and Who’s Who Legal for the years 2015-2020 in the field of Labour and Employment and in the area of Pensions and Benefits. She has been also singled out as “Though Leader – Global Elite” by Who`s Who Legal for the years 2019 -2020 and Best Lawyer 2018-2020.

Mercedes has been distinguished by Chambers Diversity and Inclusion Awards - Latin America 2019 as highly commended “Gender Diversity Lawyer of the Year - Argentina”. She has also been recently shortlisted by Chambers and Partners Diversity among the top six (6) Argentine female lawyers for the award of “Inspiring Role Model for Furthering Women Lawyers, Lawyer of the Year” due to her active encouraging activity in favour of female lawyers in a male dominated field. Singled out by Women In Business- WIB-Worldwide as the “Most Influential Woman in Employment Law- South America” and by Acquisition International Magazine as 2018´s “Leading Labour and Employment Lawyer of the Year, Argentina”.

Mercedes is member of the International Bar Association (“IBA”) Equity Committee. She is also part of the the Employment and Industrial Relationships Committee of the IBA.

She is also a member of the Forum of Cross Border Human Resources Experts (XBHR), of the American Bar Association (ABA), of the French-Argentinean Human Resources Commission of the French Chamber of Commerce and part of Marianne Association (a group created by the French Embassy that gathers relevant international business women). Mercedes was also part of the elite group of lawyers selected for defending Argentina before the ICSID World Bank in regard to international investment disputes under International Bilateral Investment Treaties.

Mercedes regularly contributes with articles to various academic publications including the monthly magazine of Case Law and Legislation Editorial “La Ley”, “El Cronista Comercial”, “Perspectives” - the Argentine-French Chamber of Commerce’s Magazine,, IJ International Legal Group, the magazine Comments Express of AMCHAM, the International Bar Association (IBA), the American Bar Association (ABA), Practising Law Institute (PLI), New York State Bar Association (NYSB), Global Employment Bulletin, CM Murray LLP Newsletter, Pensions and Retirement Plans 2013 and 2014, Executive Compensation and Employee Benefits 2018, Labour and Employment 2018 - Getting the Deal Through, Latin Lawyer, the Association Internationale des Jeuves Avocats, Union Internationale des Avocats, Squire Patton Boggs (London), World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index 2015- 2019, and the Country Fact Sheet regarding Social Security for Red Expat (2016, 2017 and 2019). She has been quoted by Victor Hugo Alvarez Chavez in his handbook on "Mobbing, stress and harassment in the workplace”.

She participates as speaker and moderator in international and local conferences (IBA, ABA, New York Bar Association, Practising Law Institute, New York, Forum, Artículo Uno, etc.).

Michael Sirgado

Associate General Counsel Employment law, Employee Relations and HR Risk control for Citi Global Consumer Group, supporting 50,000 plus employees in the U.S., Canada, Latam, Asia-Pac and EMEA.

Responsible for all cross-border and multi-jurisdictional employment and labor law matters, expatriate employee issues, employment litigation in common law, civil law and hybrid legal systems, multinational restructurings and global labor related M & A.

Orrie Dinstein is the Global Chief Privacy Officer at March & McLennan Companies. He has global responsibility for data protection, and he works closely with the Legal & Compliance, IT and Information Security teams, as well as other functions, to establish policies, procedures, processes and tools related to privacy and data protection matters.  Prior to joining Marsh & McLennan, Orrie was the Chief Privacy Officer at GE Capital. 

Orrie received an LL.M. degree in intellectual property from NYU School of Law and is a graduate of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem School of Law.  He is a member of the New York State Bar and the Israel Bar. He is a Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP) and a frequent speaker on privacy, security, technology and social media matters.

Philip Storm is a shareholder at Littler Mendelson, a global employment and labor law practice with more than 1,000 attorneys in over 60 offices worldwide.  He provides advice to clients on the full lifecycle of internal investigations, from best practices for developing whistleblower and internal investigation programs to actively managing the client’s most sensitive internal investigations. His practice also focuses on streamlined design and implementation of all aspects of legally compliant corporate ethics and compliance programs.

Phil manages, conducts and counsels clients on internal investigations involving all areas of compliance with law and corporate policies, conducts ethics and compliance program risk assessments for clients; trains leadership, compliance, investigation, and HR personnel; and develops and modernizes investigation guidelines and escalation protocols.  He has extensive experience leading and managing the internal ethics, compliance and investigations initiatives of a multi-national, public company, and his expertise encompasses the entire spectrum of effective ethics and compliance programs, including:

  • Overseeing and actively conducting sensitive internal investigations
  • Developing effective investigation guidelines, procedures and reporting protocols
  • Conducting ethics and compliance program assessments and implementing enhancements
  • Designing codes of ethics and related policies
  • Configuring internal investigation functions, whistleblower lines and intake channels
  • Training and advising investigation personnel
  • Fashioning engaging ethics and compliance communications and interactive training

Phil’s experience both domestically and internationally in investigations and ethics and compliance programs spans all substantive forms of legal and ethical misconduct, including top enterprise risk areas such as:

  • Anti-corruption
  • Senior executive misconduct
  • Financial fraud and integrity
  • Misuse of technology, intellectual property and confidential information
  • Data privacy
  • Retaliation, harassment, and discrimination

Practice Areas

Foreign Investment in China, Regulatory Compliance, Dispute Resolution

Professional Experience

Dr. Xiaolin Zhou is licensed to practice law in China and the State of New York, and admitted before the Federal (Southern District and Eastern District of New York) and state courts in the State of New York. He has over 30 years of legal work experience both in government and in private practice. As managing partner of the firm's New York Office, he focuses his practice on advising and assisting clients doing business with/in China and helping clients resolve legal and business problems in their operations in China. His clients include many Fortune 500 industrial and business corporations, banks, insurers, foreign law firms and international organizations, as well as many small and medium sized companies. He also regularly advises Chinese entities and individuals on doing business in the U.S.

Prior to entering private legal practice, Dr. Zhou served for seven years as Head of International Law Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China. He also served as advisor to the Chinese Delegation to the UN General Assembly and Chinese delegate to the UN Legal Committee, Outer-space Legal Subcommittee and UN Charter Committee. He has participated in numerous international negotiations and was involved in handling major judicial and arbitration cases involving government agencies and enterprises in Chinese and foreign courts as well as international arbitration tribunals.


Dr. Zhou received his Doctor of Juridical Science degree (SJD) from Harvard Law School and is a graduate of Institute of Law, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing.

Professional Associations

Dr. Zhou is a member of the Bar of the City of New York and the All-China Lawyers Association.

Language Skills

Fluent in English and Mandarin.

Practice Areas
International Employment Law


Juan Carlos Varela is an international attorney licensed and admitted to practice before the courts in Venezuela. He focuses his practice on representing and advising global clients on matters throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, involving labor and employment law, executives' and workers' compensation, employment taxes, labor litigation matters, alternative dispute resolution, labor arbitration, and labor audits.

Juan Carlos is the office managing shareholder of Littler Mendelson's Venezuela offices in Caracas and Valencia, and he also works out of the Miami office. He co-chairs the firm's Latin America practice and supports the interests of clients throughout the entire Latin America region. He is actively involved in the firm's International Employment Practice Group and also serves on the firm’s board of directors.

Juan Carlos is a labor law professor at the Universidad Católica Andrés Bello. He has written numerous articles on labor-related issues and is regarded as one of the best labor lawyers in Venezuela.


Named, Best Lawyers in Venezuela, 2014
Named, Excellence in Client Service - Client Choice International, 2013
Named, Chambers Latin America
Named, Best Lawyers in Venezuela


LL.M., University of Miami, 2011
LL.M., University of Illinois, 1995, summa cum laude
J.D., Universidad Católica Andrés Bello, VZ, 1992, cum laude

Bar Admissions



Supreme Tribunal of Justice, Venezuela

Roselyn S. Sands is an international labor & employment lawyer based in Paris, France. She is the EY Global Labor & Employment Law Markets Leader.

Roselyn is a graduate of the University of Florida Business School (B.S., Finance & Cultural Anthropology), the University of Miami School of Law (J.D.), as well as the University of Paris Law School (L.L.M). She is admitted to the Paris Bar, as well as the Bar of the States of Florida, New York and California.

Roselyn has significant cross-border experience on both side of the Atlantic on HR/employment issues, particularly business transformations, mergers and acquisitions, carve-outs, post-transaction integration, global restructuring, CSR, SOX compliance, works council strategy, tactics & management, employee privacy, health & safety, technology and the workplace, discrimination and harassment issues and, more generally, managing the day-to-day workplace.

Roselyn’s first-hand knowledge of global companies and her business and solutions oriented pragmatism are central to her approach in assisting clients with the challenge of achieving their corporate objectives while complying with rigid and burdensome labor and employment laws around the world.

Roselyn has been teaching for many years in Paris at schools such as Institut de Sciences Politiques, the University of Paris Law School in both its Human Rights Master of Laws program and its International Human Resources Program (CIFFOP), and the INSEEC Business School of Paris.

For the Sixth time, Roselyn is again listed for 2021 in Who’s Who Legal as one of the most prominent labor and employment lawyers and thought leaders in France.

An American and French national born in Havana, Cuba, Roselyn is fluent in English, French and Spanish.

Contact information:


T.M.J. (Dorothé) Smits
Labor & Employment

Mrs. Smits has more than 20 years of experience in advising and litigating on all aspects of labor & employment on a national and international (European) level, with a particular interest in the resolution of high level disputes, senior level departures, discrimination issues, (cross border) business transfers and restructuring.

Besides being a lawyer, she is a Deputy Judge, at the District Court of Rotterdam since January 2012 and Chairman since 2009-Present (a member since 2004) of an Appeals Committee in the field of educational law issues (dismissal and disciplinary measures).

Mrs. Smits is a member of the Association of Employment Lawyers in the Netherlands (VAAN), the European Employment Lawyers Association (EELA), the International Bar Association (IBA) and the American Bar Association (ABA). She is also on the Board of the European Employment Lawyer’s Association which she joined in 2013. She has given lectures at conferences, both national and abroad.

Wendi S. Lazar is a partner at Outten & Golden LLP in New York where she serves on its Executive Committee, co-heads the firm’s Individual Practice Area and the Executives and Professionals Practice Group. Ms. Lazar practices in many areas of employment law with a focus on executive agreements, including retention, expatriate, non-competition, talent, severance, and compensation arrangements. She also represents teams of executives, founders and partners transitioning during a sale, merger and acquisitions and other corporate transactions. Ms. Lazar’s practice is international in scope, and she advises clients and attorneys in the U.S. and abroad on employment, contract, and often related equity agreements. She also represents law partners and associates, accounting professionals, doctors and medical practitioners in all transactional matters.

Ms. Lazar writes and regularly lectures on employment issues to bar associations and industry groups and has had numerous legal articles and book chapters published. She actively serves as an executive member of the NYSBA Labor & Employment Section, the ABA Commission on Women, and the Labor & Employment Section’s International Committee.

Ms. Lazar is the recipient of the esteemed 2020 Margaret Brent Women Lawyers of Achievement Award.  Martindale-Hubbell recognizes Ms. Lazar as an AV “Preeminent” rated attorney. She has been listed by Best Lawyers, Super Lawyers, and Lawdragon 500. Ms. Lazar was elected as a Fellow to the College of Labor & Employment Lawyers. She is also a Board Member of Work Life Law, UC Hastings College of the Law.



Bettina specialises in employment law and provides strategic and commercial employment law advice to corporate clients and senior executives. Key areas she advises on include internal investigations, disciplinary and grievance procedures, exits, complex discrimination litigation, the enforcement of restrictive covenants and team moves. She also advises on employment law issues relevant when setting up in the UK, including the recruitment process, employment contracts and staff handbooks. Her particular interest is in cross-border and international issues and she has particular expertise in advising US and European parent companies with UK based subsidiaries.

What the Directories say:-

Chambers & Partners 2014 (Employment Law): Bettina Bender is recognised for her ability "to negotiate fantastic outcomes for clients" and for the "pragmatism" and "commercialism" she brings to matters. Bettina is ranked as a leading individual in her work advising employers as well as senior executives.

 Bettina is experienced in providing advice on the following:

  • strategic employment law advice for corporate clients
  • internal HR investigations, and disciplinary and grievance procedures
  • board room disputes, including executive appointments, departures and bonus issues
  • enforcement of restrictive covenants, confidentiality obligations and team moves
  • complex discrimination litigation
  • collective redundancies
  • partnership discrimination claims, partner departures, team moves and partner restrictive covenants 

Bettina regularly contributes articles published in legal and HR publications.  She is a regular speaker on employment law developments and also provides comment on topical employment law issues in the press, including radio and television.  She is an officer of the International Bar Association, Discrimination and Equality Law Committee, and a member of the European Employment Lawyers Association, the UK Employment Lawyers Association and the German-British Chamber of Industry and Commerce. Bettina is bi-lingual in English and German. Prior to joining CM Murray LLP Bettina worked at two City law firms and a leading national law firm.

In her legal practice Eva Knipschild engages in all aspects of employment law. She advises and litigates in matters concerning (collective) redundancy, the position of directors, reorganizations and acquisitions and employee participation law. She takes a special interest in the rights and obligations in flexible employment relations and in outsourcing/transfers of undertaking.

Eva is also an NMI-registered mediator in the field of employment and employee participation law. In recent years, she has handled various mediations, including individual and collective employment-law issues and disputes in the field of employee participation. In June 2013 the second edition of the book ‘Arbeidsrecht en mediation’ (dutch) (Employment Law and Mediation) (SDU 2013) was published. As a co-author, Eva edited the first edition from 2007 into a fully updated book that contains all information needed by attorneys and others to guide mediations in employment-law matters. Apart from her work as an attorney and mediator, Eva is editor of the employment case law journal JAR (dutch) and Tijdschrift voor de Arbeidspraktijk (TAP). Eva is also a lecturer, inter alia with JAR Verklaard, and she teaches the course Specialization Employment Mediation. Eva is a member of, inter alia, Vereniging Arbeidsrecht Advocaten Nederland (VAAN) (dutch) (Dutch Association of Employment Law Attorneys), Vereniging Arbeidsrecht Advocaten Amsterdam (VAAA) (Amsterdam Association of Employment Law Attorneys) and the International Bar Association (IBA).

Practice areas

  • Employment law in a broad sense, flexible labor relations
  • Outsourcing/transfer of undertaking
  • Employee Co-Governance law, from the perspective of both employers and works councils

Recommended in

  • Chambers Europe 2013“Eva Knipschild advises employment agency Yacht on various matters, which most recently have involved non-competition clauses and dismissals.”Chambers Europe 2012“Sources say of Eva Knipschild: "She gave us a huge amount of time and offered all the help and support we needed." She specialises in outsourcing and flexible employment, such as on-call workers and freelancers.”


  • Employment Law, Grotius Academy, 2005
  • Law, University of Amsterdam, 2000
  • French literature, Université de Paul-Valéry in Montpellier, 1995-96


  • SDU Legal Education: "Flexible employment relationships"
  • Hogeschool Utrecht: lecturer HBO law
  • Lecturer at Hafkamp Opleidingen
  • Various in-company courses in labor law to employees of process server’s offices

Professional Associations

  • Employment Attorneys Association of the Netherlands
  • Employment Attorneys Association Amsterdam
  • IBA


  • Editor of "JAR" (employment case law journal) and "JAR Verklaard"
  • Editor "OR Informatie", a newsletter for Works Councils

Littler Mendelson, P.C. is the largest employment law practice representing management in the world, with over 1,500 lawyers in more than 20 countries across the Americas, Europe, and Asia.

Philip Berkowitz is co-chair of Littler 's Financial Services Practice Group and co-chair of its International Employment Law Practice. 

Mr. Berkowitz advises multinational and domestic companies in industries including financial services, oil and gas, pharmaceuticals and chemicals, manufacturing, publishing, and other sectors on employment-related matters.  He has significant experience advising U.S., Asian, and European multinationals.  He also represents prominent international law firms in their U.S. employment law matters.

Mr. Berkowitz has repeatedly been named in America's Leading Lawyers for Business - Chambers USA; the Best Lawyers in America; and the International Who's Who of Management Labour and Employment Lawyers - Who's Who Legal.  He is a regular lecturer, nationally and internationally, on labor and employment and HR issues, is a columnist for the New York Law Journal, and is author of numerous legal publications.

Mr. Berkowitz is Co-Chair of the International Bar Association (IBA) Diversity & Equality Committee.  He is former Chair of the American Bar Association Committee on International Law, and is former Chair of the New York State Bar Association International Law and Practice Section. 


Cornell Law School, 1977-78

Northwestern School of Law, J.D. 1978

State University of New York at New Paltz, B.A. 1975

Ronnie is a Partner in Mason Hayes & Curran’s Employment Law and Benefits team, advising in both contentious and non-contentious employment law related matters. Ronnie has a wealth of experience helping domestic and international public and private companies manage their workforces, advising on the full range of cross-border labour and employment issues that arise.

Ronnie has significant experience in employment related civil actions and employer liability claims. He regularly appears before the Circuit and High Courts, the Employment Appeals Tribunal, the Labour Court and the Equality Tribunal, representing employers.

Ronnie also provides non-contentious advice to clients in drafting employment contracts, agreements and workplace policies and procedures. He provides legal support to HR managers in relation to restructuring, reorganisation and terminations. He also regularly advises on outsourcing and TUPE (Acquired Rights Directive) related issues.

Ronnie lectures on employment law issues regularly and on an annual basis lectures on equality law issues at University College Dublin and on redundancy law issues at the Law Society of Ireland. Ronnie is also heavily involved in the International Bar Association and is a regular speaker at IBA conferences. He is an Officer of the Discrimination Law Committee and Vice Chair of the Disability Working Group.

Hideki Thurgood Kano is a partner of Anderson Mori & Tomotsune, one of the largest and most diversified full-service law firms in Japan. Thurgood has been practicing exclusively in the area of labor and employment since 1995, assisting employers and companies (as opposed to employees and workers). Thurgood mainly acts on behalf of non-Japanese multinational companies, advising them on all aspects of labor and employment.

I. Collective Labor-Matters
(Collective Bargaining Sessions with Labor Unions, Concerted Activities (Strike, Picketing, and so on) of Labor Unions)

II. Individual Employment Matters
(Dismissal and Voluntary Resignation, Disciplinary Actions, Internal Transfer, External Secondment, Confusion between Workers Dispatch and Service-Providing Contract, Job Search, Employment of Aged People and Disabled People, Establishment of Wage Payment Systems and Retirement Benefit Systems, Implementation of Pay-per-Performance Systems, Sexual Harassment, Bullying, Mental Health, Occupational Safety and Health, Preparation of and Amendment to Work Rules of Employment, Preparation of Employment Contracts, Fixed-Term Employment Contracts, Executive Service Agreements, Prevention of Infringement of Corporate Data by Employees, Companies’ Protection and Transfer of Employees’ Data, Companies’ Rights Subsisting in Employees’ Invention or Works of Authorship, Whistle-blowing, Employment of Non-Japanese Workers and their Residing Permit, etc.)

III. Labor Insurance, Social Insurance and Pension Plans
(Workers Accident Compensation Insurance, Unemployment Insurance, Health Insurance, Welfare Pension Insurance, Defined Contribution Pension Plan, Defined Benefit Pension Plan, Welfare Pension Fund, Tax-Qualified Retirement Pension, etc.)

IV. Labor and Employment Related Dispute Resolution and Litigation
(Labor-Related and Employment-Related Litigation, Mediation on Individual Employment Dispute, Employment Tribunal Dispute Resolution, Remedy for Unfair Labor Practices, etc.)

Thurgood considers that employers’ demonstration of warm-heartedness towards, and consideration of, employees tends to be beneficial for the good morale and loyalty and productivity on the part of the employees, creating a better work environment because of a long-term relationship between employers and employees. The most important thing for employers is, Thurgood believes, to have their companies continue to exist for a long term (100 years), rather than making a profit within a short-term.

Shalini Agarwal is a Partner at In Se Legal, a unique Indian law firm with offices in the UK and India. In Se Legal provides legal support on matters relating to Indian law and business to UK, US and European corporates.   In Se Legal prides itself on its ability to offer commercially sound, client-centric legal advice, assisting clients in understanding the Indian market.

Quality, Capability, Professionalism and Confidence are a few of the many hallmarks that define In Se Legal and its team.  By virtue of the ability to provide Indian legal services through London, with a larger delivery team in India, In Se Legal can offer highly competitive pricing to its clients.

Shalini advises on Indian employment and immigration law.  She services multinational clients globally, assisting with their Indian immigration requirements throughout India.   Shalini has been recognized annually by the International Who's Who of Leading Corporate Immigration Lawyers as a leading Indian immigration lawyer annually since 2007.  Shalini has also been acknowledged and recognized as a leading Immigration and employment lawyer in the 2014 edition of Indian Lawyer 250. She advises clients regularly on various aspects of employment law - assisting with staffing issues, terminations, restructuring and other labour law issues.

Shalini’s deep knowledge of India, the Indian market and business culture also provides an excellent cultural bridge for international companies seeking to do business in India, in need of information and direction. Shalini regularly guides clients on the nuances of doing business in India and provides insight into various aspects of dealing with Indian colleagues, suppliers and partners.

A unique offering of In Se Legal is Shalini’s presence in the London office, that provides US and European clients access to Indian legal advice within a European time zone. Instructing the team in London carries no premium and the firm provides highly competitive rates benchmarked against the Indian market.

Originally from New Delhi, Shalini holds a Degree in English literature followed by her LL.B from the Faculty of Law in New Delhi. She read law at Cambridge University where she completed an LL.M with a focus on international law and intellectual property. As a recipient of the BCCI and Foreign & Commonwealth Scholarships, followed by the prestigious Pegasus Scholarship, Shalini interned with Clifford Chance and with Counsel Chambers in London prior to returning to India to practice law. Shalini is dual qualified and is a member of the Bar Council of India and is admitted as a solicitor of the Supreme Court of England and Wales. Shalinis’ practice is exclusively in the area of Indian Law.

Shalini divides her time between India and London. She is a frequent speaker at international conferences on various topics relating to doing business in India.

Silvia Bauzá
Madrid Office

Silvia joined Gómez-Acebo & Pombo in 2001 and became a partner in 2007.

Education and Professional Experience:

  • Graduated in Law by the Madrid Complutense University (San Pablo CEU).
  • Master in Legal Practice at the University Pontificia ICADE.
  • Preparation for public exams for Employment and Social Security Inspectorate Organism.
  • Master in Prevention of Labour Risks in the Company, at the European Institute of Health and Well-Being.
  • Employment lawyer in the Firm Abogados Garrigues from 1997 to 2001.
  • Joined Gómez-Acebo & Pombo Abogados in July 2001.
  • Currently a partner of the Employment Department of Gómez-Acebo & Pombo.
Specialised in all kinds of judicial and administrative processes, collective dismissals (Redundancy procedures), collective negotiation, individual and collective conflicts, employment contracts, Social Security, due diligences, employment risk prevention.

Spanish and English.


Best Lawyers 2014 (since 2008). Labor and Employment:
The Chambers Europe 2013. Employment:
Clients praise Silvia Bauzá for her strategic approach and global vision.
The Chambers Europe 2012. Employment:
The Chambers Europe 2011. Employment:
40 under 40 Award. Iberian Lawyer Group 2009

Sólon de Almeida Cunha, born in São Paulo, SP, Brazil; admitted to practice in 1985, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Preparatory education: Colégio Dante Alighieri, São Paulo, Brazil (B.A., 1979). Legal education: Faculdade de Direito da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Brazil (LL.B., 1985), Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Brazil (Specialist in Higher Education Didactics, 1991), Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Brazil (Master Degree in Labor Law, 1994), Faculdade de Direito da Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Brazil (Doctor Degree in Labor Law, 1999). Invited Lecturer at the Labor Law Extension Course of Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo – COGEAE and at Fundação Getulio Vargas - GVLaw. Membership: International Bar Association, Brazilian Bar Association, São Paulo Lawyers Association, São Paulo Labor Lawyers Association, President of the SINSA (Law Firms Union) in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (from 1999 to 2007), Human Resources Committee of the American Chamber of Commerce in São Paulo, Coordinator of the Labor Law Committee of Center of Studies of Brazilian Law Firms – CESA (from 2002 to 2010), Editorial Council for the Tax Law and Security Magazine from the Magister Publishing Company, Asociación Iberoamericana de Derecho Del Trabajo y de la Seguridad Social. Award: Law Judiciary Merit Oficial Degree granted by the Superior Court of the State of São Paulo, as Graduated Professor.